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- IT & VA : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
EXAMPLES

VA#  MU.  B12 45 V1
--> Ref. Muntoni, Benedict XII, catalog nr. 45,  variant 1
VA#  CNI. AX5A (.) 23
--> Ref. CNI, Alexander 5, Antipope, catalog nr. 23
VA#  MU.  PC 05
--> Ref. Muntoni, Piacenza (Monete Anonymous), catalog nr. 05
VA#  MU.  V68 (.) 8
--> Ref. Muntoni, Sede Vacante 1268-1271, catalog nr. 8
VA#  K(M.) AV 132.4
--> Ref. Krause/Mishler, Avignon, catalog nr. 132.4
VA#  B(.) 3030
--> Ref. Allen G. Berman, catalog nr. 3030

;--|# -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|#default#| => KM
;VA|#default#| => BM
;--|A -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|A!| (Antipope)
;IT;VA|A??| Authority \ Anonymous (:14-16:).th Century
;VA|AA?| Person \ Pope Agapetus (:2:) \ Agapitvs \ Agapito
;IT|AB=AB(R)| City \ Region \ Abruzzo \ Abruzzi
;IT|ACI| City \ Acqui (PM)
;IT|ACM| City \ Amatrice (LZ)
;VA|AD?| Person \ Pope Adrianus (:1-3,6:) \ Hadrian(us) \ Adrian(o)
;IT|AG=AG(R)| City \ Region \ Akragas \ Agrigent(o)
;IT|AHO| City \ Alghero (SD)
;IT|AL=AL(E)| City \ Province \ Alessandria (PM)
;IT;VA|AM=(Y)AM| City \ Region \ Camerino (MH) \ Camerinum \ Kamarina
;IT|AMA| City \ Amalfi (CM)
;IT|AMP| City \ Campi
;IT;VA|AN=AN(C)| City \ Province \ Ancona (MH)
;IT|AOI| Region \ Italian East Africa \ Africa Orientale Italiana
;IT|AO=AO(T)| City \ Region \ Aosta (PM)
;IT;VA|AP=A(S)P| City \ Province \ Ascoli (Piceno)
;IT;VA|AQ=AQ(L)| City \ Province \ L'Aquila degli (Abruzzi)
;IT;AQA| City \ Aquileia (FV)
;IT|AR=AR(E)| City \ Province \ Arezzo (TC)
;IT|ARB| City \ Albera Ligure \ Arbea
;IT|ARQ| City \ Arquata (Scrivia)
;VA|AS?| Person \ Pope Anastasius (:3:) \ Anatasio
;IT|ASP| => AP
;IT|AST| => AT
;IT|AT=A(S)T| City \ Province \ Asti (PM)
;IT|ATN| City \ Antegnate (LM)
;IT|ATR| City \ Abbiategrasso
;IT|ATZ| City \ Atri (AB) \ Adria \ Atria \ Hadria \ Hatria
;IT|AUL| City \ Kaulonia \ Kaulon \ Caulania
;IT|AV=AV(E)| City \ Province \ Avella (CM) \ Avellino
;VA;FR|AV=AV(N)| City \ Region \ Avignon(e) | (FR)
;IT;CH|AVG| City \ Avigliana (PM) | (IT)
;VA|AX?| Person \ Pope Alexandrus (:5A,6-8:) \ Alessandro \ Alex(ander)
;--|B -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|B(.)=Berm.| Allen G. Berman: Papal Coins (731-1990)
;VA|B??| Person \ Pope Benedetto (:11-14,13A,16:) \ Benedi(c)t(vs) \ Benedikt
;IT|BA=BA(I)| City \ Province \ Bari (PU)
;IT|Bab(.)| Babelon,E.: Description historique des monnaies de la Republique Romaine, Paris, 1885-86.
;IT|BC=BC(T)| Region \ Basilicata | (IT-BAS)
;IT|BCC| City \ Bardonecchia | (TT060)
;VA;FR|Bd(.)| Boudeau: Catalogue général illustré des Monnaies Francaises Provinciales
;IT;VA|BDA| Person \ Brancaleone degli Andalò
;IT|BDI| City \ Bardi
;IT|BE=BE(I)| City \ Province \ Biella (PM)
;VA|BE?| Person \ Pope Benedetto (:3+4,5A+6A,7:) \ Benedi(c)t(vs) \ Benedikt
;IT|BEN| => BN
;VA|BF?| Person \ Pope Bonifativs (:7A,8+9:) \ Bonifacio \ Boniface \ Bonifazius
;IT|BG=BG(O)| City \ Province \ Bergamo (LM) | (TT080)
;IT|BGL| City \ Belgioioso \ Beligiojoso
;IT;VA|Bi(.)| Elio Biaggi: Monete e Zecche Medioevali Italiane ..., 1992.
;IT|BLT| City \ Barletta (PU)
;IT|BMC| City \ Belmonte (Calabro)
;IT|BN=B(E)N| City \ Province \ Benevent(o) (CM)
;IT|BNV| City \ Benevello
;IT;VA|BO=BO(G)| City \ Province \ Bologna (ER) | (TT090)
;IT|BOA| City \ Bosa (SD)
;IT|BOZ| City \ Bozzolo
;IT|BR=BR(I)| City \ Region \ Brindisi (PU) | (IT-BDS)
;IT|BRE| City \ Brescello
;IT|BS=BS(C)| City \ Region \ Brescia | (TT100,BRC)
;IT|BSX| City \ Bressanone (Alto Adige) \ Brixen (Südtirol) | (BZ2)
;IT|BT| Region \ Barletta-Andria-Trani (PU)
;IT|BVO| City \ Borgotaro \ Borgo Val di Taro
;IT|BWA| Village \ Busca (PM)
;IT|BZ=BZ(O)| City \ Province \ Bolzano \ Bozen (TT)
;--|C -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;WW|C(.)=C(r.)| William D. Craig: Coins of the World (1750-1850)
;VA|C??| Person \ Pope Clemente (:10-14:) \ Clemens \ Clehens \ Clement
;IT|CA=CA(G)| City \ Province \ Cagliari (SD)
;IT|CAU| City \ Cantù (LM)
;IT;VA|Cav(.)| Cavicchi,A.: Le monete del ducato di Urbino,S. Angelo in Vado,2001.
;IT|CB=C(O)B| City \ Province \ Campobasso (Molise)
;IT;VA|CDA| Person \ Carlo I d'Angio \ Charles of Anjou
;IT;VA|CDR| Person \ Cola di Rienzo
;IT|CDT| City \ Castiglione delle Stiviere
;IT|CE=C(S)E| City \ Province \ Caserta (CM) | (TT112)
;IT|CFT| City \ Casale (Monferato) (PM) | (TT110)
;IT;VA|CG(.)=Ciav.| William Ciavaglia: la zecca di fano
;IT|CGG| City \ Correggio
;IT|CH=CH(T)| City \ Province \ Chieti (AB)
;VA|CH(.)| Chimienti,Michele: Monete della Zecca di Bologna,catalogo ... Museo civico archeologico ...
;IT|CI=(Y)CI| City \ Region \ (Carbonia-)Iglesias (SD)
;VA|Cin(.)| Cinagli,Angelo: Le monete dei Papi
;IT|CIV| City \ Chivasso (PM)
;VA|CL?| Person \ Pope Clemente (:5-7,7A,8+9:) \ Clemens \ Clehens \ Clement
;IT|CLE| City \ Castelleone (LM)
;IT;VA|CM=C(A)M | City \ Region \ Campania \ Kampanien
;IT;FR|CMA(.)=Camm.| Cammarano, M.: Corpus Luiginorum. Paris \ Monaco 1998.
;IT|CMO| => CO
;IT|CMP| City \ (Campello sul) Clitunno
;IT|CMR| Village \ Crema (LM)
;IT|CN=C(U)N| City \ Province \ Cuneo (PM)
;IT;VA|CNI(.)| A.A.V.V.: Corpus Nummorum Italicorum, Voll.I-XX, 1910-43.
;IT|CO=C(M)O| City \ Province \ Como (LM) | (TT120)
;IT|COB| => CB
;VA;FR|CP=C(R)P| City \ Region \ Carpentras (84) | (FR)
;IT;VA|CPU| => CU
;IT|CR=CR(E)| City \ Province \ Cremona (LM) | (TT130)
;IT|CRM| City \ Carmagnola (PM)
;VA;FR|CRP| => CP
;IT;FR|CRS| Region \ Corsica \ Corse (2A+2B) | (FR)
;IT|CS=(Q)CS| City \ Province \ Cosenza (LB)
;IT|CSE| => CE
;IT|CT=CT(A)| City \ Province \ Katane \ Catania (SC)
;IT|CTK| City \ Castelsardo (SD)
;IT|CTZ| => CZ
;IT;VA|CU=C(P)U| City \ Region \ Capua (CE)
;IT|CUC| Village \ Cittaducale (LZ)
;IT|CUN| => CN
;IT;VA|CV=CV(V)| City \ Region \ Civitavecchia
;IT;VA|CVP(.)=Cav.P.| Cavicchi A.: Le monete della zecca di Pesaro,Tipografia Donati di Gubbio, 2009.
;VA|CX?| Person \ Pope Calixtus (:3:) \ Calisto \ Calistvs
;IT|CXL| Village \ Castelseprio (LM)
;IT;LY|CYR| Region \ Italienisch-Cyrenaica
;IT|CZ=C(T)Z| City \ Region \ Catanzaro
;--|D -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;EU|D(.)=D(av.)| J.S.Davenport: European Crowns & Talers .. (1484-)
;EU|DA| => D
;IT|DAB(.)| D'Andrea,A./Andreani,C./Bozza,F.: Le monete del Molise, Mosciano S.A., 2008.
;IT|DAL| Region \ Dalmazia & Albania
;IT|DAN(.)| D'Andrea,A./Andreani,C.: Le monete napoletane dai Bizantini a Carlo V, Castellalto, 2009.
;IT|DAP(.)| D'Andrea,A./Andreani,C.: Le monete medioevali della Puglia, Mosciano S.A., 2008.
;EU|DAV| => D
;IT|DEA| City \ Desana
;IT|DEG| Village \ Dego (LG)
;IT|DEI| City \ Castiglione dei Pepoli \ Gatti
;WW|DLS(.)=D(av.)LS| Davenport,J.S.: Large Size Silver Coins of the World (1500-1900)
;VA;FR|DM(.)| Jean DeMey: Les Monnaies du Comtat Venaissin
;IT;VA|MT=(D)MT| City \ Region \ Montalto (delle Marche)
;IT|DOA| Village \ Dogliani (PM)
;EU|DOC(.)| Grierson, P.: Catalog of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection
;IT|DOM| City \ Domodossola (PM)
;IT|DON| Village \ Donnaz | Donnas (PM|VD)
;VA;FR|DSG| => SG
;EU|DV?| => D.?
;IT;VA|DZ| Authority \ Dominazioni Viscontee,Bologna
;--|E -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|EAN| City \ Messerano \ Masserano
;IT|ECE| City \ (Contessa) Entell(in)a (ancient)
;IT|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper coins of Italy excl. the Papal States, 1962.
;VA|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: The Copper Coinage of the Papal States (1556-1869)
;IT|EMI| Village \ Cortemilia (CN)
;IT;VA|EMR| => ER
;IT|EN=EN(O)| City \ Region \ Enna
;IT|ENT| City \ Leontinoi \ Lentini
;IT|EPZ| City \ Lokroi Epizephyrioi \ Locri Epizefiri
;IT;VA|ER=E(M)R| City \ Region \ Emilia(-Romagna) | (EMI)
;IT|ERI| Region \ Colonia eritrea \ Italian Eritrea
;IT|ERX| City \ Eryx \ Erice
;IT|ETH| Region \ Impero Italiano d'Etiopia \ Occupation italienne de l'Ethiopie
;VA|EU?| Person \ Pope Evgenivs (:2,4:) \ Eugenio \ Eugen(e)
;IT|EVA| City \ Ceva (PM)
;IT|EVC| City \ Crevacuore (PM)
;--|F -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|F(1)*| Friedberg: Gold Coins of the World (1st edition)
;WW|F8(.)| Friedberg: Gold Coins of the World (8th edition)
;IT|FAE| City \ Faenza (ER)
;IT;VA|FAN| => FN
;IT;VA|FB=FB(R)| City \ Region \ Fabriano (MH)
;VA|FC0| Person \ Pope Francesco \ Franziskus
;IT|FDI| City \ Fondi \ Fundi
;IT;VA|FE=FE(A)| City \ Province \ Ferrara (ER)
;IT;VA|FEM| => FM
;IT|FG=F(O)G| City \ Province \ Foggia (PU)
;IT|FGV| => FV
;EU|FI=FI(R)| City \ Province \ Florence (TC) \ Florenz \ Firenze | (IT)
;IT;VA|Fin(.)| Finetti,A.: La zecca e le monete di Perugia, Perugia, 1997.
;IT;VA|FL=FL(I)| City \ Region \ Foligno (UM)
;IT;VA|FM=F(E)M| City \ Province \ Fermo (MH)
;IT;VA|FN=F(A)N| City \ Region \ Fano (MH)
;IT|FOG| => FG
;IT|FOS| Village \ Fossombrone (MH)
;IT|FOV| City \ Fosdinovo
;WW|FR=Friedb.| => F1 or F8
;IT|FRC| City \ Frinco
;IT|FRF| Quarter \ Rifredi (Firenze)
;IT|FRL| City \ Forlì (ER)
;IT|FR=FR(O)| City \ Province \ Frosinone (LZ)
;VA|FS0| Person \ Pope Formosus \ Formosi \ Formosa
;IT;VA|FTU| => FU
;IT;VA|FU=F(T)U| City \ Region \ Forte Urbano
;IT|FV=F(G)V| Region \ Friuli-Venezia Giulia
;--|G -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|G(.)=G(i.)=Gig.| Gigante: Monete Italiane ...
;VA|G??| Person \ Pope Gregorius (:11-16:) \ Gregorio \ Gregory \ Gregor
;IT|GA(.)| Galeotti,Arrigo: Le monete del Granducato di Toscana, Bologna, 1971.
;IT|GAE| City \ Gaeta (LZ)
;IT;VA|GB| Authority \ Governo Popolare di Bologna Repubblica Cispadana (1796-1797)
;IT|GDZ| City \ Gradisca (d'Isonzo) \ Gradis
;IT|GE=GE(N)| City \ Province \ Genoa (LG) \ Genua \ Genova | (TT400)
;IT|GEA| City \ Gela
;IT|GES| City \ Segesta
;IT|GEV| City \ Gravedona (ed Uniti)
;IT|GFG| City \ Garfagnana
;VA|GG?| Person \ Pope Gregorius (:3+4:) \ Gregorio \ Gregory \ Gregor
;IT;VA|GI| => G
;IT|GIG| City \ San Giorgio \ San Georgio
;IT;DE|GIT=G.IT| Italien (dt. Besetzung)
;IT|GIZ| City \ Gazzoldo \ Gazoldo degli Ippoliti | (ZKI)
;VA|GL?| Person \ Pope Giulio (:2+3:) \ Ivlivs \ Julius
;IT|GO=GO(Z)| City \ Province \ Gorizia (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) | (IT-GZA)
;VA|GP?| Person \ Pope Giovanni Paolo (:1+2:) \ Iohans Pavlvs \ Johannes Paul
;IT|GR=GR(S)| City \ Province (TC)
;IT|GS(.)| Cesare Gamberini di Scarfèa: Quando Mancano Gli Spiccioli ...
;IT;VA|GU=GU(B)| City \ Region \ Gubbio (UM) \ Iguvium
;IT|GUR| City \ Guardiagrele (AB)
;IT|GUS| City \ Guastalla
;IT;DE|GZG| Region \ Görz und Gradiska \ Gorizia e Gradisca d'Isonzo | (IT,GZA+GDZ)
;--|H -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|HK(.)| Herkner: Münzen des Kirchenstaates (1700-1870), Berlin, 1974/75.
;IT;GR|HRK| City \ Herakleia \ Kykladon | (GR)
;IT|HYE| City \ Elea \ Velia \ Hyele
;--|I -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|I??| Person \ Pope Innocentivs (:10-13:) \ Innocent \ Innozenz \ Innocenzo
;IT;VA|IC| Authority \ Carlo V Imperatore,Bologna (1530)
;IT|IEL| City \ Stiela
;IT|IM=IM(P)| City \ Province \ Imperia (LG) | (TT430)
;VA|IN?| Person \ Pope Innocentivs (:6-9:) \ Innocent \ Innozenz \ Innocenzo
;IT|INS| City \ Incisa (PM)
;IT;VA|IPF| Period \ (Primo) Impero Francese \ Napoleone Imperatore,Roma (1809-1814)
;IT|IRA| City \ Himera \ Imera
;IT|ITO| City \ Torriglia
;IT|IVI| City \ Chiavari | (TT115)
;IT|IVR| City \ Ivrea (PM)
;--|J -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|J??| Person \ Pope Giovanni (:10-13,23A,22+23:) \ Iohans \ John \ Johannes \ Johann \ João
;VA|JH?| Person \ Pope Giovanni (:8+9:) \ Iohans \ John \ Johannes \ Johann \ João
;--|K -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|K(.)| => KM
;IT|KET| Village \ Cesana (Torinese) (PM)
;WW|KM(.)(*)| Krause & Mishler: ... Catalog of World Coins ... (1601-)
;IT;ME|KOT| City \ Cattaro \ Kotor | (ME)
;IT|KR=KR(O)| City \ Region \ Kroton \ Crotone
;IT|KYM| City \ Kyme \ Cuma(e)
;--|L -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|L??| Person \ Pope Leone (:10,12:) \ Leoni \ Leo
;IT|LAB| City \ Alba (PM)
;IT|LAS| City \ Laos \ Laus \ Laüs
;IT|LAZ| => LZ
;IT;DE|LBO=L.BO| Lager-\Gettogeld Bozen | (IT-Bolzano)
;IT|LBY| Region \ Libia italiana \ Italian Libya
;IT|LC=LC(O)| City \ Region \ Province \ Lecco (PU)
;IT|LCI| City \ Village \ Lanciano (AB)
;IT;VA|LD0| Person \ Ladislauf of Durazzo
;IT|LE=(Q)LE| City \ Region \ Province \ Lecce (PU) | (LCC)
;IT|LG=L(I)G| Region \ Liguria \ Ligure
;IT|LGI| City \ Massa di Lungiano
;IT|LGN| City \ Legnano | (TT480)
;IT|LI=LI(V)| City \ Region \ Livorno
;IT|LIG| => LG
;IT|LIL| City \ Lilybaion \ Lilibeo
;VA|LN?| Person \ Pope Leone (:3+4,7,8A:) \ Leoni \ Leo
;IT|LM=L(O)M| Region \ Lombardia \ Lombardy \Lombardei
;IT|LO=LO(D)| City \ Province \ Lodi (LM) | (LDI,TT490)
;IT|LOA| City \ Loano
;IT|LOM| => LM
;IT|LRM| City \ Larinum
;IT;VA|LS=(Dav.)LS| J.S.Davenport: Large Size Silver Coins of the World (1500-1900)
;IT|LSN| Village \ Latisana (Friuli-Venezia Giulia)
;IT|LT=LT(N)| City \ Province \ Latina (LZ)
;IT|LU=LU(A)| City \ Province \ Lucca (TC) | (LCV,TT500)
;IT|LUC| City \ Village \ Lucera (PU)
;IT|LUG| City \ Lugo
;IT|Lul(.)| Lulliri,G./Bonaria,U.M.: Le monete della Sardegna vandalica, Sassari, 1996.
;IT|LUN| City \ Luni
;IT|Lus(.)| Lusuardi,A.: La zecca di Correggio, Carpi, 2002.
;IT|LVT| Authority \ Region \ Lombardy-Venetia (1815-66)
;IT|LZ|LZ=L(A)Z \ Region \ Lazio \ Latium
;--|M -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|M(.)=M(u.)=Munt.| Francesco Muntoni: Le monete dei papi e degli Stati Pontifici, Roma, 1972-73.
;VA|MA?| Person \ Pope Martinvs (:5:) \ Martin(o)
;VA|MAA| => M.AA?
;VA|MAD| => M.AD?
;IT;VA|MAN| => MN
;IT|MAP| City \ Manoppello (AB)
;VA|MAS| => M.AS?
;VA|MAX| => M.AX?
;IT;VA|Maz| => Mz
;IT|MB=MB(N)| Region \ Province \ Monza e Brianza
;VA|MBE| => M.BE?
;VA|MBF| => M.BF?
;IT;VA|MC=MC(A)| City \ Province \ Macerata (MH)
;VA|MCL| => M.CL?
;VA|MCX| => M.CX?
;IT|ME=(Q)ME| City \ Province \ Messana (SC) \ Messina | (MSN)
;EU|MEC(.)| P.Grierson,./Backburn,M.: Medieval European Coinage - The Early Middle Ages
;IT|MEI| City \ Melfi (BC)
;IT|MEN| City \ Merano (Trentino)
;VA|MEU| => M.EU?
;IT;VA|MF=MF(C)| City \ Region \ Montefiascone (LZ)
;IT|MFR| City \ Manfredonia (PG)
;VA|MFS| => M.FS
;IT;VA|MG(.)=Mont.| Montenegro: Monete Italiane ...
;EU|MG(.)=M./G.| K.F.Morrison/H.Grunthal: Carolingian Coinage, New York 1967
;VA|MGG| => M.GG?
;VA|MGL| => M.GL?
;VA|MGP| => M.GP?
;IT|MH| Region \ Marche \ The Marches \ Marken
;IT|MI=MI(A)| City \ Province \ Milan (LM) \ Mailand \ Milano | (TT520)
;VA|MI?| Person \ Pope Marinus (:1+2:) \ Marini \ Marino
;IT|MID| City \ Mirandola
;VA|MIN| => M.IN?
;IT;VA|MIR(.)| Varesi,Alberto: Monete italiane regionali, Pavia.
;IT|MIU| City \ Militu \ Mileto(s) (LB)
;VA|MJH| => M.JH?
;IT;VA|ML| City \ Region \ Matelica (MC)
;IT|MLC| City \ Montalcino
;VA|MLD| => M.LD?
;VA|MLN| => M.LN?
;IT|MLT| Region \ Malta
;IT;VA|MN=M(A)N| City \ Province \ Mantova (LM) \ Mantua
;VA|MMA| => M.MA?
;VA|MMI| => M.MI?
;IT|MMQ| Village \ Massa Marittima (TC) | (MM2)
;VA|MMR| => M.MR?
;VA|MNI| => M.NI?
;IT;VA|MO=MO(D)| City \ Region \ Modena (ER) | (TT550)
;EU|MOG(.)| Karl Morisson,Karl/Grunthal,Henry: Carolingian Coinage
;IT|MON| City \ Moncalieri
;IT|MOT| => MO
;VA|MPA| => M.PA?
;IT|MPD| City \ Maccagno (con Pino e Veddasca)
;VA|MPO| => M.PO?
;VA|MPQ| => M.PQ?
;IT;VA|MPS(.)| Malloy,A./Preston,I./Seltman,A.: Coins of the crusader states, USA, 2004.
;VA|MR?| Person \ Pope Marcellus (:2:) \ Marcello
;VA|MRO| => M.RO
;VA|MRR| => M.RR
;VA|MRS| => M.RS
;VA|MRZ| => M.RZ
;IT|MS=MS(A)| City \ Region \ Massa (Carrara)
;VA|MSE| => M.SE?
;IT|MSL| City \ Massa Lombarda
;VA|MST| => M.ST?
;VA|MSX| => M.SX?
;IT;VA|MT| => DMT
;IT|MTA| City \ Mortara
;VA|MTD| => M.TD?
;IT|MTP| City \ Metapont(o)
;VA|MU| => M
;VA|MUR| => M.UR?
;VA|MVL| => M.VL
;IT;VA|Mz(.)=M(a)z(.)| Mazza,Fernando: Le monete della zecca di Ascoli, Ascoli Piceno, 1987.
;IT|MZA| City \ Monza (LM)
;VA|MZA| => M.ZA
;--|N -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|NA=NA(P)| City \ Region \ Naples \ Neapel \ Napoli (CM) | (TT580)
;IT;GR|NAX| City \ Naxos | (GR)
;VA|NI?| Person \ Pope Nicholas (:1,5:) \ Nicolo \ Nic(h)olavs \ Nikolaus \ Nikolai
;IT|NIZ| City \ Nizza (Monferrato)
;IT|NMO| City \ San Martino
;IT;VA|NN| Incerta \ unknown \ unbekannt
;IT|NO=(Y)NO| City \ Region \ Novara (PM) | (NVR)
;IT|NOT| Village \ Teno (CM)
;IT|NOV| City \ Novellara
;IT|NP?| Person \ King Napoleon (1:1805-1814)
;IT|NV(.)| Negrini/Varesi: La monetazione di Milano, 1991.
;--|O -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|OAI| Quarter \ City \ Bonaria (Cagliari)
;IT|OAO| City \ Montanaro
;IT|OBA| Region \ Oltregiuba \ Djubaland
;IT|OBT| City \ Orbetello
;IT;VA|OC| Period \ Occupazione Austriaca \ austrian occupation (1799-1800)
;IT;CH|OCC| City \ Mesocco | (CH)
;IT|OCE| City \ Casanova (Elvo)
;IT|OCM| City \ Compiano
;IT|OCT| City \ Castro
;IT|ODP| City \ Orciano (di Pesaro)
;EU|OHV(.)| M.D. O'Hara,M.D./Vecchi,I.: A Find of Byzantine Silver from the Mint of Rome
;IT|OMU| City \ Musso
;IT;VA|ON| Period \ Occupazione Napoletana \ neapolitan occupation (1799-1800)
;IT;VA|ORV| => OV
;IT|OS=(Q)OS| City \ Province \ Oristano (SD) | (OR)
;IT|OSC| City \ Cosa
;IT|OSV| Quarter \ City \ Sovana (Sorano)
;IT|OTA| City \ Prato | (TT660)
;IT|OTC| Village \ Tocco da Casauria (AB)
;IT|OTN| City \ Ortona (AB)
;IT;VA|OV=O(R)V| City \ Region \ Orvieto (UM)
;--|P -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|P??| Person \ Pope Pio (:11+12:) \ Pius
;VA|PA?| Person \ Pope Pavlvs (:1-6:) \ Paolo \ Paul(us)
;IT|PA=PA(O)| City \ Region \ Panormos \ Palermo (SC) | (PMO,TT600)
;IT;VA|Pag(.)| Pagani,Antonio: Monete italiane dall'invasione napoleonica (1796-1963), Milano, 1965.
;IT|PAV| => PV
;IT|PB(.)| Pick,Albert: Briefmarkengeld
;IT;VA|PC=PC(Z)| City \ Region \ Piacenza (ER) | (TT620)
;VA;FR|PDA(.)| Poey d'Avant: Les Monnaies Féodales de France (3 tomes)
;IT|PD=PD(V)| City \ Region \ Padova (VN)
;IT;VA|PEG| => PG
;IT;VA|PES| => PS
;IT;VA|PG=P(E)G| City \ Region \ Perugia (UM)
;IT|PI=(Q)PI| City \ Region \ Pisa (TC) | (PSA)
;IT|PIL| City \ Pinerolo (PM)
;IT|PIO| City \ Piombino
;IT;VA|PL=Q(PL)| City \ Region \ Pergola | (ZPK)
;IT|PM| Region \ Piedmont \ Piemonte
;IT;VA|PN| Authority \ the Patrimony \ del Patrimonio
;IT|PNV| City \ Palmanova
;VA|PO?| Person \ Pope Pio (:2-9:) \ Pius
;IT|POU| City \ Populonia
;IT|PPN| City \ Pomponesco
;IT;VA|PPS| Period \ Papal States (-1870)
;VA|PQ?| Person \ Pope Pasqale (:1:) \ P(a)scal \ Paschal
;IT;VA|PR=PR(M)| City \ Region \ Parma (ER) | (TT610)
;IT|PRC| City \ Porcia
;IT;VA|PS=P(E)S| City \ Region \ Pesaro (e Urbino)
;IT|PSD| City \ Poseidonia \ Paestum \ Cappacio
;IT|PSL| City \ Ponsanello
;IT|PSU| City \ Passerano
;IT|PU=PU(G)| Region \ Puglia \ Apulia
;IT|PV=P(A)V| City \ Region \ Pavia \ Ticium
;--|Q -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;FR|QCR| City \ Corte | (FR)
;IT;QCS| => CS
;IT|QLE| => LE
;IT|QME| => ME
;IT|QOS| => OS
;IT|QPI| => PI
;IT|QPL| => PL
;IT|QSI| => SI
;IT|QSS| => SS
;--|R -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|R?| Period \ Repubblica Romana \ Roman republic (:18-20:).th Century
;IT;VA|RA=RA(N)| City \ Region \ Ravenna (MH)
;IT|RAO| City \ Sora (LZ)
;IT|RBG| Castle \ Berignone (near Volterra)
;IT|RC=R(G)C| City \ Region \ Reggio (di) Calabria (LB)
;IT|RCI| City \ Geraci (Siculo)
;IT;VA|RE=R(N)E| Region \ Reggio (nell`)(Emilia) (ER)
;IT;HR|RG=RG(S)| City \ Region \ Ragusa \ Dubrovnik | (HR-DBV)
;IT|RGC| => RC
;IT|RGE| Quarter \ Riglione (Pisa)
;IT|RGR| Location \ Rhêmes St. Georges (VD)
;IT;HR|RGS| => RG
***;IT;VA|RI| Period \ Regno d`Italia \ Napoleone Imperatore,Bologna (1805-1814)
;IT|RGV| City \ Rovegno
;IT|RI=R(T)I| City \ Province \ Rieti (LZ)
;IT|RIC(.)| A.A.V.V.: The roman imperial coinage,Vol.I-X, London, 1923-84.
;IT;AT;HR|RJK| City \ Sankt Veit am Flaum \ Fiume \ Rijeka | (HR,TT650)
;IT;VA|RL=RL(G)| City \ Ronciglione (VT)
;IT;VA|RM=R(O)M| City \ Province \ Rome (LZ) \ Roma \ Rom | (TT700)
;IT|RN=(Y)RN| City \ Region \ Rimini (ER) | (RMI)
;IT;VA|RNE| => RE
;IT;VA|RNL| => RL
;IT;VA|RNT| => RT
;VA|RO?| Person \ Pope Romanus (:1:) \Romano
;IT|RO=R(V)O| City \ Rovigo (VN)
;IT|ROD| City \ Rodigo
;IT;VA|ROM| => RM
;IT|RPN| Locality \ Roveredo (in Piano)
;IT|RRO| City \ Sorrento (CM)
;IT|RSV| City \ Ronco (Scrivia)
;IT;VA|RT=R(N)T| City \ Region \ Recanati
;IT|RTG| City \ Retegno (Lodi)
;IT|RTI| => RI
;IT|RV| Period \ Rivolta del Sale,Perugia (1540)
;VA|R(y.)| John Carlin Ryan: A Handbook of Papal Coins (1268-1534)
;IT|RZZ| City \ Orezzo
;--|S -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|S??| Authority \ Roman Senate \ Senato di Roma (:12-14:).th Century
;IT|SA=SA(L)| City \ Region \ Salerno (CM)
;IT|SAB| City \ Sabbioneta \ Sabbionetta
;EU|SAM(.)| Sambon,Arthur: Catalogue de Monnaies de la Grande Grece
;EU|SBG(.)=Schl.| Schlumberger,Hans: Goldmünzen Europas (1800-1997)
;IT|SC=S(I)C| Region \ Sicilia \ Sicily
;WW|Sch(.)| Schön,G.: Welt-Münzenkatalog ...
;IT|SCK| City \ Sciacca
;IT|SCR| Quarter \ Santa Croce (Arezzo)
;IT|SD=SD(Y)| Region \ Sardinia \Sardegna
;VA|SE?| Person \ Pope Sergio (:2+3:) \ Sergius
;IT|SEB| City \ Seborga
;IT|SEG| City \ Senigallia
;IT|SEL| City \ Selinus \ Selinunt(e)
;VA|S(f.)| Camillo Serafini: Le monete .. pontificie del Medagliere Vaticano
;IT|SFI| Location \ Santa Fiora (TC)
;VA;FR|SG=(D)SG| City \ Region \ Pont de Sorgues (84) | (FR-SOR)
;IT|SGR| City \ San Gregorio
;IT|SGT| Village \ San Jacopo Al Serchio \ San Giuliano Terme (Pisa)
;IT;AL|SHK| City \ Scutari \ Shkodra \ Shkoder | (AL)
;IT|SI=(Q)SI| City \ Region \ Siena (TC) | (SNA)
;IT|SIC| => SC
;IT;VA|SiL(.)| Simonetti,Luigi: Monete Italiane Medioevali e Moderne, Ravenna, 1967/69.
;IT|SIR| => SR
;IT|SIT| City \ Ostia
;IT|SLF| City \ Solferino | (ZUB)
;IT;VA|SL=SL(T)| City \ Region \ Spoleto (UM)
;IT|SLP| City \ Sulmona (AB)
;IT;CH|SMA| City \ Region \ St Moritz \ St-Maurice \ Auganum \ Acauno \ Mint (1050-1364) | (CH)
;IT|SMD| City \ San Martino dell Argine
;IT;VA|SN=(Y)SN| City \ Region \ San Severino (MH)
;IT|SOM| Region \ Italian Somaliland \ Somalia Italiana
;IT|SOX| City \ Soragna
;IT|SP(.)| Spahr,R.: Le monete siciliane. Graz 1976+1982.
;IT|SR=S(I)R| City \ Region \ Siracusa \ Syrakus (SC)
;IT|SS=(Q)SS| City \ Region \ Sassari
;VA|ST?| Person \ Pope Stephanus (:3-6,8+9:) \ Stephen \ Stefan(o)
;IT;CH|SUA| City \ Susa (PM) | (IT)
;IT|SV=SV(N)| City \ Region \ Savoy \ Savona (LG)
;IT|SVO| City \ San Severo (PU)
;VA|SX?| Person \ Pope Sixtus (:4+5:) \ Sisto
;IT|SYB| City \ Sybaris \ Sibari
;--|T -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|TA=TA(R)| City \ Region Tarent \ Taranto
;IT|TAV| City \ Alvito (LZ)
;IT|TC=T(S)C| Region \ Toscana \ Tuscany | (IT-TOS)
;VA|TD?| Person \ Pope Teodoro (:2:) \ Theodr \ Theodor(e)
;IT|TE=TE(O) | City \ Region \ Teramo (AB)
;IT|TEI| City \ Terina
;IT;VA|TER| => TR
;IT;VA|TG=(Y)TG| Region \ Tagliacozzo \ Tagliacozza (AB)
;IT|THU| City Thurioi \ Thuri(i) \ Thurium \ Copia(e)
;IT;VA|TI=TI(V)| City \ Region \ Tivoli
;IT;LY|TIP| City \ Tripolitania \ Tripolitanien
;IT|TN=(Y)TN| City \ Region \ Trento \ Trient \ Trentino (TT) | (TRT)
;IT|TO=TO(O)| City \ Region \ Turin \ Torino | (TT800)
;IT|Tod(.)| Toderi,A.A.V.V.: Le monete della Repubblica senese, Milano, 1992.
;IT;VA|TR=T(E)R| City \ Region \ Terni
;IT|TRS| => TS
;IT|TRV| => TV
;IT|TS=T(R)S| City \ Region \ Triest \ Trieste (FV) | (TT820)
;IT|TSC| => TC
;IT|TSR| City \ Tresana
;IT|TSS| City \ Tassarolo
;WW|TT(.)| Smith,K.(+K)/AVA: Catalogue of world transportation tokens, 1967/1981/1990/2004.
;IT|TTA| City \ Tortona (PM)
;IT|TV=T(R)V| City \ Region \ Treviso
;--|U -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT;VA|UB=U(R)B| City \ Region \ Urbino (MH)
;IT|UD=UD(N)| City \ Province \ Udine (FV)
;IT|UM|UM=UM(B)| Region \ Umbria
;VA|UR?| Person \ Pope Urbano (:5-8:) \ Vrbanvs \ Urban
;IT|URA| Castle \ Casteldurante (MH) \ Urbania
;IT;VA|URB| => UB
;IT|USI| City \ Chiusi (TC)
;IT|UT?| Person \ King Umberto [Humbert] (1:1878û1900;2:1946)
;--|V -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;VA|V00| Period \ Sede Vacante 1700
;VA|V04| Period \ Sede Vacante 2005
;VA|V05| Period \ Sede Vacante 1605A
;VA|V06| Period \ Sede Vacante 1605B
;VA|V13| Period \ Sede Vacante 2013
;VA|V15| Period \ Sede Vacante 1415(-1417)
;VA|V16| Period \ Sede Vacante 1691
;VA|V17| Period \ Sede Vacante 1721
;VA|V19| Period \ Sede Vacante 1978A
;VA|V21| Period \ Sede Vacante 1621
;VA|V22| Period \ Sede Vacante 1823
;VA|V23| Period \ Sede Vacante 1523
;VA|V24| Period \ Sede Vacante 1724
;VA|V29| Period \ Sede Vacante 1829
;VA|V30| Period \ Sede Vacante 1730
;VA|V31| Period \ Sede Vacante (1830-)1831
;VA|V39| Period \ Sede Vacante 1939
;VA|V40| Period \ Sede Vacante 1740
;VA|V44| Period \ Sede Vacante 1644
;VA|V46| Period \ Sede Vacante 1846
;VA|V49| Period \ Sede Vacante 1549(-1550)
;VA|V52| Period \ Sede Vacante 1521
;VA|V54| Period \ Sede Vacante 1655
;VA|V55| Period \ Sede Vacante 1555A
;VA|V56| Period \ Sede Vacante 1555B
;VA|V57| Period \ Sede Vacante 1958
;VA|V58| Period \ Sede Vacante 1758
;VA|V59| Period \ Sede Vacante 1559
;VA|V62| Period \ Sede Vacante 1623
;VA|V63| Period \ Sede Vacante 1963
;VA|V65| Period \ Sede Vacante 1565(-1566)
;VA|V67| Period \ Sede Vacante 1667
;VA|V68| Period \ Sede Vacante 1268(-1271)
;VA|V69| Period \ Sede Vacante 1769
;VA|V70| Period \ Sede Vacante (1669-)1670
;VA|V72| Period \ Sede Vacante 1572
;VA|V74| Period \ Sede Vacante 1774(-1775)
;VA|V76| Period \ Sede Vacante 1676
;VA|V77| Period \ Sede Vacante 1378A
;VA|V78| Period \ Sede Vacante 1378B
;VA|V79| Period \ Sede Vacante 1978B
;VA|V85| Period \ Sede Vacante 1585
;VA|V88| Period \ Sede Vacante 1689
;VA|V89| Period \ Sede Vacante 1590A
;VA|V90| Period \ Sede Vacante 1590B
;VA|V91| Period \ Sede Vacante 1591
;VA|V92| Period \ Sede Vacante (1591-)1592
;IT|VA=VA(R)| City \ Province \ Varese (LM)
;IT|VB=VB(C)| Province \ Region \ Verbano-Cusio-Ossola (PM)
;IT|VC=(Y)VC| City \ Region \ Vercelli (PM) | (VRL)
;IT|VCE| => VE
;IT|VCH| Location \ Villa di Chiesa (SD)
;IT|VCL| => VC
;IT|VE=V(C)E| City \ Region \ Venice \ Venedig \ Venezia (VN) | (TT860)
;IT|VEN| City \ Ventimiglia
;IT|VI=VI(C)| City \ Region \ Vicenza (VN)
;IT|VIC| => VI
;IT;VA|VIT| => VT
;VA|VL0| Person \ Pope Valentino \ Valentinus \ Valentine
;IT|VM?| Person \ King Victor Emmanuel (1:1802û1821:SD;2:1849-:SD:1861û1878;3:1900û1946)
;IT;DE|VN=VN(E)| Region \ Venetia \ Venetien | (IT)
;IT|VNI| City \ Ver(a)gagni
;IT|VNP| City \ Vittoria (ancient,near Parma)
;IT|VOQ| City \ Volterra(e) \ Velathri
;IT|VR=VR(N)| City \ Region \ Verona (VN)
;IT|VSO| City \ Vasto
;IT|VSV| City \ Vesuviana | (TT880)
;IT;VA|VT=V(I)T| City \ Region \ Viterbo (LZ)
;IT|VTU| City \ Vetulonia \ Vetulonium \ Vatluna
;IT|VV=VV(A)| City \ Province \ Vibo Valentia (LB)
;IT|VZA| City \ Valenza (PM)
;--|W -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|WAV| City \ Village \ Avella (CM)
;--|X -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IT|XCA| City \ Cisterna (d`Asti)
;IT|XMV| City \ Moncalvo (AT)
;IT|XTO| City \ Village \ Teano (CM)
;--|Y -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;WW|Y(.)?=Y(e.)?| Yeoman,R.S.: Current/Modern World Coins | and Krause/Mishler (>1901)
;IT|YAM| => AM
;IT|YCI| => CI
;IT|YCO| Village \ Cortona (TC)
;IT|YLU| => LU
;IT|YNO| => NO
;IT|YRN| => RN
;IT|YSD| => SD
;IT|YSN| => SN
;IT|YTG| => TG
;IT|YTN| => TN
;IT|YVC| => VC
;--|Z -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;WW|Z!| no catalog reference
;VA|ZA0| Person \ Pope Zacchariae \ Zacharias
;IT;HR|ZAD| City \ Zara \ Zadar | (HR)



© JenSoft Systems ℗ 2018-11-06 · 05:58 ->> Jens Weynans