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- EU : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;EU|#default#| => KM
;EU|BEG(.)=Berger| Berger,F.: mittelalterliche Brakteaten im Kestner-Museum Hannover, 1993+1996.
;EU|D(.)=D(av.)| J.S.Davenport: European Crowns & Talers .. (1484-)
;EU|DA| => D
;EU|DAV| => D
;EU|DOC(.)| Grierson, P.: Catalog of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection
;EU|DV?| => D.?
;EU|G(.)??=G(HS.)??| Grabowski/Huschka/Schamberg: ausländisches Geld.. dt. Besatzung
;EU|KL(.)| Keller,Arnold: das Notgeld in Österreich und Ungarn (1848-69), Berlin, 1954.
;EU|L(.)??=Grab.??| Grabowski,Hans-Ludwig: Geld des Terrors - Lager/Gettogeld
;EU|LEV(.)| Levinson, Robert A.: early date coinage of europe (1234-1500), Clifton, 2007.
;EU|ME(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-1990)
;EU|MEC(.)| P. Grierson,./Backburn,M.: Medieval European Coinage - The Early Middle Ages
;EU|MG(.)=M./G.| K.F.Morrison/H.Grunthal: Carolingian Coinage, New York 1967
;EU|MN(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-2002) Ausgabe: 2006
;EU|MOG(.)| Karl Morisson,Karl/Grunthal,Henry: Carolingian Coinage
;EU|MZ(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-2002) Ausgabe: 2014
;EU|OHV(.)| M.D. O'Hara,M.D./Vecchi,I.: A Find of Byzantine Silver from the Mint of Rome
;EU|R(.)=R(os.)| Rosenberg/Grabowski: die dt. Banknoten ab 1871
;EU|SAM(.)| Sambon,Arthur: Catalogue de Monnaies de la Grande Grece
;EU|SBC(.)| Sear: Byzantine Coins
;EU|SBG(.)=Schl.| Schlumberger,Hans: Goldmünzen Europas (1800-1997)
;EU|Z!| no catalog reference

- AL : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AL;DE|GAL=G.AL| Albanien (dt. Besetzung)
;AL;IT|SHK| City \ Scutari \ Shkodra \ Shkoder | (AL)

- AT : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AT|AB?| Person \ King Albert (1:1282-1308;2:30-58;3:65-95;4:1395-1404;5:04-39;6:57-63;7:1619)
;AT|AFL| Village \ Außerfelden \ Bischofshofen-Mittelberghütten
;AT;SI|AUP| Dynasty \ Auersperg | (SI)
;AT;CZ|BIO| City \ Wagstadt \ Bílovec \ Wokenstadt | (CZ)
;AT|BGU| Dynasty \ Markgrafschaft Burgau zu Fürstenfeld (Steiermark)
;AT;CZ;DE|BOM| Region \ Böhmen & Mähren | (CZ,BOH)
;AT;DE|BRN| City \ Braunau | (AT)
;AT|BTY| Dynasty \ Batthyány zu Güßing (Burgenland)
;AT|BUR| Region \ Burgenland | (AT-1)
;AT|BXT| City \ Brixen (in Thale) \ zu Kitzbühl (Tirol) | (AT)
;AT;CZ;DE;HU|CHB| City \ Eger \ Cheb | (CZ,EGR)
;AT;CZ;DE;PL|CIN| Cesky Tesín \ Cieszyn \ Teschen | (CZ-TEA+PL-CZY,TT800)
;AT;CZ|CKB| City \ Budweis \ Ceské Budejovice | (CZ)
;AT|CL?(?)| Person \ King¦Emperor Charles (1:1519-21;2:64-90;3:1711-40;1E:1916-1918)
;AT;CZ|CRD| Dynasty \ Colloredo-Mansfeld | (CZ)
;AT|DTS| Dynasty \ Dietrichstein zu Feldkirchen (Kärnten)
;AT|EBG| Dynasty \ Eggenberg zu Graz (Steiermark)
;AT;SK|EHZ| Dynasty \ Eszterhazy | (SK)
;AT;CZ;HU|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Austria-Hungary.
;AT|ENA| City \ Enns (Linz-Land)
;AT;DE;FR|ENI| City \ Ensisheim (68) \ Anze | (FR)
;AT|ES0| Person \ King Ernest (1402-1424)
;AT;DE|Eyp(.)=Eypelt.| Eypeltauer,T.: Corpus Nummorum Regni Mariae Theresiae, Basel 1973.
;AT|FC0| Person \ King Ferdinand Charles (1632-1662)
;AT|FC?(?)| Person \ King¦Emperor Francis (1S:1740-1765;2:1792-1804,1E:1804-1835)
;AT|FD?(?)| Person \ King¦Emperor Ferdinand (1:1521-64;2:64-95;3:1619-37;4:37-57;1E:1835-1848)
;AT;CZ;DE;HU;PL|FF(.)| Frenzel,U./Fritz,G.: Marken .. & Notmünzen Verkehrsunternehmen, Hamburg, 1978.
;AT|FJ?| Person \ King Francis Joseph (1:1848-1916)
;AT;CZ;HU;RO|FL(.)| Frenzel: Notmünzen .. der AT und HU .. Kriegsgefangenenlager .. (1914-18), 1995.
;AT|FR?| Person \ King Frederick (1:1308-1330;2:1339-1344;4:1402-1439;5:1457-1493)
;AT|FSD| City \ Freistadt
;AT;PL;UA|GAI| Region \ Galizien \ Galicia \ Halychyna | (PL+UA)
;AT|GAN| Abby \ Garsten zu Steyr-Land (Oberösterreich)
;AT|GOR| Dynasty \ Görz
;AT|GRD| Village \ Gröding (near Salzburg)
;AT|GRZ| City \ Graz | (TT360)
;AT|GTW| Abby \ Göttweig
;AT;DE|GUG| City \ Günzburg | (DE)
;AT|GUR| Bishopric \ Gurk zu Klagenfurt (Kärnten) | (AT)
;AT;DE|Her(.)| Herinek,L.: Österreichische Münzprägungen (3 Bände), Wien, 1970/72/84.
;AT;DE|HIT| City \ Hall in Tirol | (AT)
;AT|HRG| Dynasty \ Habsburg
;AT|INN| City \ Innsbruck
;AT;CZ|JBL| City \ Jablonné v Podjestedí \ Deutsch Gabel | (CZ)
;AT|JO?| Person \ King Joseph (1:1705-1711;2:1765-1790)
;AT|KAE| Region \ Carinthia \ Kärnten | (AT-2)
;AT|KHM| Dynasty \ Khevenhüller-Metsch zu Villach (Kärten)
;AT;DE;PL|KLO| City \ Glatz \ Klodzko | (PL)
;AT|KLM| Quarter \ (Linz-)Kleinmünchen
;AT;SI|KRA| Region \ Krain \ Carniola | (SI)
;AT;PL|KRK| City \ Krakau \ Krakow | (PL)
;AT;CZ|KSK| Dynasty \ Kinsky (von Wchinitz,Wchinsky und Tettau) | (CZ)
;AT|KTU| City \ Klosterneuburg
;AT|KTZ| Quarter \ (Linz-)Katzenau -> Industriezeile
;AT;RO;HU|KYZ| Region \ Brodfeld \ Brotfeld \ Câmpul Pâinii \ Kenyérmezö | (RO)
;AT;CZ|LBR| City \ Reichenberg \ Liberec | (CZ)
;AT|LD?| Person \ King Ladislaus (1:1440-1457)
;AT|LEB=L.EB| Lager-\Gettogeld (Linz-)Ebelsberg
;AT;SI|LJU| City \ Laibach \ Ljubljana | (SI,TT400)
;AT|LKN| City \ Falkenstein \ zu Mistelbach (Niederös.)
;AT;DE|LMA=L.MA| Lager-\Gettogeld Mauthausen | (AT,Oberdonau)
;AT|LNZ| City \ Linz
;AT|LP?| Person \ King Leopold (1:1308-26;2:39-44;3:65-86;4:1386-1411;5:1623-32;6:57,1665-1705;7:90-92)
;AT;CZ|LTC| City \ Leitmeritz \ Litomerice | (CZ)
;AT|MAE| Region \ Mähren \ Moravia
;AT;DE|Mak(.)=Markl| Markl,M.: Die Münzen .. und Prägungen .. Ferdinand I., Prag/Bielefeld, 1896/1974.
;AT|MC0| Person \ King Matthias Corvinus (1485-1490)
;AT;MHL| Village \ (Wieselburg-Land-)Mühling
;AT;SI|MRB| City \ Marburg \ Maribor | (SI-MBX,TT430)
;AT|MRC| City \ Marchtrenk
;AT|MS0| Person \ King Matthias (1595-1619)
;AT;DE|MT(.)=M(.-)T(.)| Moser,H./Tursky,H.: Münzstätte Hall in Tirol 1477-1809, Innsbruck, 1977/1981.
;AT|MT0| Person \ Queen Maria Theresia (1740-1780)
;AT;CH;DE|MTF| Dynasty \ Montfort (Adelsgeschlecht) | (AT)
;AT|MX?| Person \ King Maximilian (1:1490-1519;2:1564-1576;3:1602-1618)
;AT;BE;NL|NLA| Region \ Austrian Netherlands (1714-94) | (BE+NL)
;AT;CZ|NTR| Dynasty \ Nostitz-Rieneck | (CZ)
;AT;CZ;DE|OLO| City \ Olmütz \ Olmutz \ Olomouc | (CZ)
;AT;CZ;HU|OPA| City \ Opava \ Troppau | (CZ,TT540)
;AT|ORB| Dynasty \ Orsini-Rosenberg zu Graz (Steiermark)
;AT|OT?| Person \ King Otto (1:1330-1339)
;AT|OTB| Dynasty \ Ortenburg zu Baldramsdorf zu Spittal an der Drau (Kärnten)
;AT|PAA| Dynasty \ Paar zu Hartberg (Steiermark)
;AT;DE|PCH| Dynasty \ Herren von Puchheim \ Bucheim | (AT)
;AT;CZ|PLZ| City \ Pilsen \ Plzen | (CZ)
;AT;DE|Pr(.)| Probszt,Günther: Die Münzen Salzburgs, Basel/Graz, 1975.
;AT;HR;IT|RJK| City \ Sankt Veit am Flaum \ Fiume \ Rijeka | (HR,TT650)
;AT|RU?| Person \ King Rudolf (1:1278-82;2:82-83;3:1298-1307;4:58-65;5:1576-1608)
;AT;CZ|SBN| Village \ Steben \ Stöben \ Stebno | (CZ)
;AT|SEE| City \ Seelfeld im Tirol | (TT760)
;AT|SF0| Person \ King Sigismund Francis (1662-1665)
;AT;HR|SLA| Region \ Slavonia \ Slavonien | (HR)
;AT;CZ|SLK| Dynasty \ Schlick \ Slikové | (CZ)
;AT|SLZ| Region \ Salzburg | (AT-5)
;AT|SM0| Person \ King Sigismund (1439-1490)
;AT|SPS| Dynasty \ Sprinzenstein zu Rohrbach (Oberösterreich)
;AT|STY| Region \ Steiermark \ Styria | (AT-6,STE)
;AT|SVG| City \ Sankt Veit (an der Glan)
;AT|SZD| Dynasty \ Sinzendorf \ zu Nußbach zu Kirchdorf an der Krems (Oberöst.)
;AT;DE|SZG| City \ Salzburg | (AT)
;AT;DE|TIR| Region \ Tyrol \ Tirol | (AT-7)
;AT;CZ|TPJ| Dynasty \ Troppau-Jägerndorf (CZ)
;AT;HU;RO|TRN| Region \ Siebenbürgen \ Transilvania \ Ardeal \ Erdély | (RO/HU)
;AT|TRS| Dynasty \ Fürsten v. Trautson und Falckenstein - zu Mistelbach (Niederösterreich)
;AT;DE|Vh(.)| Voglhuber,R.: Taler .. des Erzhauses Habsburg (1484-1896), Frankfurt am Main, 1973.
;EU|VIE| City \ Vienna \ Wien | (AT,TT840)
;AT;SI|WGZ| Dynasty \ Windisch-Graetz | (SI)
;AT|WL0| Person \ King William (1386-1406)
;AT|WSL| City \ Wels
;AT;HR|ZAG| City \ Zagreb(u) | (HR)
;AT;DE|Zoe(.)=Zöt.| Zöttl,Helmut: {different articles/books about salzburg coinage}

- BE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BE|AB?| Person \ King Albert (1:1909-34;2:1993-2013)
;BE;NL|ANT| City \ Antwerpen | !PK! (BE-ANR+ATW)
;BE;NL|BBT| Region \ Brabant | (BE-BR)
;BE|BD?| Person \ King Baudouin (1:1951-1993)
;BE;BGS| City \ Brugge \ Brügge \ Bruges
;BE;LU;NL|BNL| Region \ BeNeLux | (BE+LU+NL)
;BE;NL|BRU| Mint \ Brüssel \ Bruxelles| !PK! (BE-BRX,TT080)
;BE;BSL| City \ Belsele
;BE;BWS| City \ Beveren-Waas \ Beveren Waes
;BE;DE;LU|CUG| Village \ Cugnon | (BE)
;BE|D(B.)xx| Debelder,Alain: Belgiums Monetary History of the Great War (1914-1918)
;BE;NL|DOO| City \ Tournai \ Doornik | !PK! (BE-TRN)
;BE;DUF| City \ Duffel
;BE|dWi(.)|de Witte,A.: Histoire monetaire des comtes de Louvain, ducs de Brabant .. . Antwerpen 1894-1899.
;BE;DE|GBG=G.BG| Belgien (dt. Besetzung)
;BE;NL|GEN| City \ Gent \ Ghent \ Gand | !PK! (BE-GNE)
;BE;FR;NL|Ghy(.)| J.Ghyssens: Les petits deniers de Flandres
;BE;FR;NL|HEN| City \ Henegouwen \ Hainaut \ Heinaut | !PK! (FR/BE)
;BE|IP0| Person \ King Philipe (2013-)
;BE|LEV| City \ Leuven \ Louvain \ Löwen | (BE-LEU)
;BE|LP?| Person \ King Leopold (1:1831-65;2:1865-1909;3:1934-51)
;BE;NL;LU|LGG| City \ Luik \ Liège \ Lüttich | (BE)
;BE;NL|NAM| City \ Region \ Namur \ Namen | !PK! (BE-NMR)
;BE;NL|NB=NB(T)| Region \ (Dutch-,Noord-) Brabant | (NL-NB,NL41)
;BE;AT;NL|NLA| Region \ Austrian Netherlands (1714-94) | (BE+NL)
;BE;ES;NL|NLE| Region \ Spanish Netherlands (1556-1581) | (BE+NL)
;BE;ES;NL|NLS| Region \ Southern Spanish Netherlands (1581-1713) | (BE)
;BE;DE;FR;ID;NL|PK(.)| Pannekeet: {different books about netherlands coinage}
;BE;NL|REC| City \ Reckheim \ Rekem | !PK! (BE-REM)
;BE;SNK| City \ St. Niklaas
;BE;NL|STA| City \ Stavelot \ Stablo | !PK! (BE-SLT)
;BE;DE;FR;LU|USA| Village \ Saulnes (54) \ Sonne \ Zounen | (FR)
;BE;NL|VLA| Region \ Flanders \ Vlaanderen \ Brugge | !PK! (BE)

- BG : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BG|BR?| Person \ King Boris (3:1918û1943)
;BG|FD?| Person \ King Ferdinand (1:1908û1918)
;BG|SI?| Person \ King Simeon (2:1943û1946)

- BY : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BY;DE;EE;LT;LV;RU|KR(.)|Kulo,Ants/Rudich,Juri: German Occupation in WW II of Baltic States, Tallinn, 1999.
;BY|MI=MI(K)| City \ Region \ Minsk | (MSQ,TT560)

- CH : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;CH|AG| Canton \ Aargau (de,1803-) \ Argovie \ Argovia \ Argovia
;CH|AI| Canton \ Mint (1737-44) \ Appenzell - Innerrhoden (de,1597-) \ - Rhodes-Intérieures \ - Interno \ - Dadens
;CH|APP| City \ Canton (1513-1597) \ Region \ Appenzell | (-> CH-AI+AR)
;CH|AR| Canton \ Mint (1807-16) \ Appenzell - Außerrhoden (de,1597-) \ - Rhodes-Extérieures \ - Esterno \ - Dadora
;CH|AVE| City \ Region \ Avenches \ Aventicum \ Avencho \ Wif(f)lisburg
;CH;IT|AVG| City \ Avigliana | (IT)
;CH|BAS| City \ Region \ Bassecourt \ Altdorf
;CH;DE|BDH| City \ Region \ Baden-Hachberg | (CH)
;CH|BE| Canton \ Bern (de,1353-) \ Berne \ Berna \ Bärn
;CH|BEN| City \ Region \ Mint (1225-1839) \ Bern \ Berne \ Berna \ Bärn | (BRN,TT100)
;CH|BGF| City \ Region \ Mint (1328-1384) \ Burgdorf \ Berthoud \ Burtlef
;CH|BL| Canton \ Basel-Landschaft (de,1833-) \ Bâle-Campagne \ Basilea Campagna \ Basilea-Champagna
;CH|BRM| City \ Region \ Stift \ Beromuenster (LU)
;CH|BS| Canton \ Basel-Stadt (de,1833-) \ Bâle-Ville \ Basilea Città \ Basilea-Citad
;CH|BSL| City \ Canton (1501-1833) \ Region \ Mint (650-1509) \ Basel \ Bâle \ Basilea \ Basilea | (-> CH-BL+BS)
;CH|CHR| City \ Region \ Mint (1000-1766) \ Chur (GR)
;CH:FR|CMF| City \ Chambéry (73) | (FR)
;CH|CRV| Quarter \ Cornavin (Genf) \ Mint (1435-1532)
;CH|DEL| City \ Delsberg \ Mint (1586-?) \ Delemonte \ Delémont
;CH|DIS| City \ Region \ Abby \ Mint (1570-1729) \ Disentis/Mustér (GR)
;CH|Dol(.)| Dolivo, D.: Les Monnaies de l' Eveche de Lausanne.
;CH|DSH| City \ Dießenhofen
;CH|DVR| City \ Region \ Develier \ Dietwiler
;CH|ESD| City \ Region \ Abby \ Einsiedeln (SZ)
;CH|FGN| City \ Region \ Abby \ Fischingen (TG)
;CH|FR| Canton \ (Etat de) Fribourg (fr,1481-) \ (Staat) Freiburg \ Friburgo \ Friburg
;CH|FRB| City \ Region \ Mint (1435-1846) \ Freiburg \ Fribourg \ Friburgo \ Friburg | (TT320)
;CH|FRQ| Dynasty \ Herrschaft Franquemont
;CH|GE| Canton \ Genève (fr,1815-) \ Genf \ Ginevra \ Genevra \ Geneva
;CH|GL| Canton \ Glarus (de,1352-) \ Glaris \ Glarona \ Glaruna \ Claruna
;CH|GLA| City \ Region \ Mint (1617-1814) \ Glarus \ Glaris \ Glarona \ Glaruna \ Claruna
;CH|GR| Canton \ Graubünden (de,1803-) \ Grischun \ Grigioni \ Grisons
;CH|GRY| Dynasty \ Graftschaft Greyerz | (GYS)
;CH|GVE| City \ Region \ Mint (1535-1848) \ Genf \ Genève \ Ginevra \ Genevra \ Geneva | (GVA,TT360)
;CH|HBM(.)| Kunzmann/Riechsteiner: Biermarken der Schweiz, 2009.
;CH|HKG(.)| Kunzmann,Ruedi: Konsumgeld der Schweiz, 2005.
;CH|HLS| City \ Region \ Castle \ Haldenstein (GR) \ Lantsch sut
;CH|HM1(.)| Kunzmann/Richter: Neuer HMZ-Katalog - Münzen der Schweiz - Band 1
;CH|HM2(.)| Kunzmann/Richter: Neuer HMZ-Katalog - Münzen der Schweiz - Band 2
;CH|JU| Canton \ Jura (fr,1979-) \ Giura | (-1979 zu BE)
;CH|LAF| City \ Region \ Castle \ Mint (-1630) \ Laufenburg (AG)
;CH|LCF| City \ La Chaux-de-Fonds | (TT400)
;CH|LU| Canton \ Luzern (de,1332-) \ Lucerne \ Lucerna \ Lozärn
;CH|LUS| City \ Region \ Mint (990-1536) \ Lausanne (VD) \ Losanna \ Lausonna | (LAU,TT420)
;CH|LUZ| City \ Region \ Luzern \ Lucerne \ Lucerna \ Lozärn | (LZN)
;CH;AT;DE|MTF| Dynasty \ Montfort (Adelsgeschlecht) | (AT)
;CH|MSC| City \ Region \ Castle \ Mesocco (GR) \ Misox \ Mesauc
;CH|MUR| City \ Region \ Abby \ Muri (AG)
;CH|NE| Canton \ Neuchâtel (fr,1815-) \ Neuchatel \ Neuenburg
;CH;DE;FR|NEC| City \ Region \ Mint (1347-95) \ Neuchatel \ Neuchâtel \ Neuenburg | (CH-QNC)
;CH|NW| Canton \ Nidwalden (de,1350~-) \ Nidwald \ Nidvaldo \ Sutsilvania
;CH|NYO| City \ Mint (1364-1439) \ Nyon \ Neuss \ Neuis \ Noviodunos
;CH;IT|OCC| City \ Mesocco | (CH)
;CH|ORB| City \ Orbe \ Orbach \ Tabernis | (ORE)
;CH|OW| Canton \ Obwalden (de,1350~) \ Obwald \ Obvaldo \ Sursilvania
;CH|POY| City \ Mint (1623-1787) \ Porrentruy \ Pruntrut | (PRY)
;CH|RHA| City \ Abby \ Rheinau (ZH)
;CH|RNT| City \ Abby \ Reichenau-Tamins (GR)
;CH|SCH| City \ Region \ Mint (1160-1310) \ Schaffhausen \ Schaffhouse \ Sciaffusa \ Schaffusa
;CH|SCZ| City \ Region \ Schwyz \ Schwiz
;CH|SG| Canton \ Saint Gall (de,1803-) \ St Gallen \ St-Gall \ San Gallo \ Sogn Gagl
;CH|SGA| City \ Region \ Mint (1190-?) \ Saint Gall \ St Gallen \ St-Gall \ San Gallo \ Sogn Gagl
;CH|SH| Canton \ Schaffhausen (de,1501-) \ Schaffhouse \ Sciaffusa \ Schaffusa
;CH|SIR| City \ Region \ Sion (VS) \ Sitten \ Sedunum \ Sittu
;CH;IT|SMA| City \ Region \ Mint (1050-1364) \ St Moritz (GR) \ St-Maurice \ Auganum \ Acauno | (CH)
;CH|SO| Canton \ Solothurn (de,1481-)
;CH|SOO| City \ Region \ Mint (1190-1410) \ Solothurn (SO)
;CH|SRG| City \ Region \ Sorengowe \ Sornegau | (-> BAS+DVR)
;CH|STR| City \ Region \ Stein am Rhein | (TGS)
;CH;IT|SUA| City \ Susa | (IT)
;CH|SUN| City \ Mint (1595-?) \ Saint-Ursanne (JU)
;CH|SZ| Canton \ Schwyz (de,1291-) \ Schwytz \ Svitto \ Sviz
;CH|TG| Canton \ Thurgau (de,1803-) \ Thurgovie \ Turgovia \ Thurgovia
;CH|TGB| Dynasty \ Grafen von Toggenburg
;CH|TI| Canton \ Ticino (it,1803-) \ Tessin
;CH|UWL| City \ Region \ Unterwalden (1291~1350) | (-> NW+OW)
;CH|UR| Canton \ Uri (de,1291-) \ Un
;CH|URU| Region \ Uri & Unterwalden
;CH|USU| Region \ Uri, Schwyz & Unterwalden
;CH|VD| Canton \ Vaud (fr,1803-) \ Waadt \ Vad
;CH|VS| Canton \ Valais (fr,1815-)
;CH|WGA| City \ Region \ Wangen an der Aare (BE)
;CH|WND| City \ Region \ Windisch \ Vindonissa
;CH|WTH(.)| Slg. Wüthrich: Münzen und Medaillen der Schweiz und ihrer Randgebiete, Auktion MM-AG45.
;CH|ZG| Canton \ Zug (de,1352-) \ Zoug \ Zugo \ Tugium
;CH|ZH| Canton \ Zürich (de,1351-) \ Zurich \ Zurigo \ Turitg \ Züri
;CH|ZOF| City \ Region \ Mint (1285-1465,1716-26) \ Zofingen (AG) \ Zofingue
;CH|ZRH| City \ Region \ Mint (1050-?) \ Zürich (ZH) \ Zurich \ Zurigo \ Turitg \ Züri | (TT995)
;CH|ZUG| City \ Region \ Zug (ZG) \ Zoug \ Zugo \ Tugium

- CY : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;CY;GB|AKT| Region \ Akrotiri | (CY)
;CY;GB|DHK| Region \ Dhekelia | (CY)
;CY;GB|EPK| Region \ Episkopi | (CY)

- CZ : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;CZ;AT|BIO| City \ Wagstadt \ Bílovec \ Wokenstadt | (CZ)
;CZ;AT;DE|BOM| Region \ Böhmen & Mähren | (CZ,BOH)
;CZ;AT;DE;HU|CHB| City \ Eger \ Cheb | (CZ,EGR)
;CZ;AT;DE;PL|CIN| Cesky Tesín \ Cieszyn \ Teschen | (CZ-TEA+PL-CZY,TT800)
;CZ;AT|CKB| City \ Budweis \ Ceské Budejovice | (CZ)
;CZ;AT;HU|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Austria-Hungary.
;CZ;AT;DE;HU;PL|FF(.)| Frenzel,U./Fritz,G.: Marken .. & Notmünzen Verkehrsunternehmen, Hamburg, 1978.
;CZ;AT;HU;RO|FL(.)| Frenzel: Notmünzen .. der AT und HU .. Kriegsgefangenenlager .. (1914-18), 1995.
;CZ;AT|JBL| City \ Jablonné v Podjestedí \ Deutsch Gabel | (CZ)
;CZ;DE|JGD| City \ Jägerndorf \ Karniów \ Krnów \ Krnov | (CZ-KRN)
;CZ;AT|LBR| City \ Reichenberg \ Liberec | (CZ)
;CZ;DE|LM(.)=L(.-)M(.)| Lichnowsky,R./Mayer,E.: Des fürstlichen Hochstiftes Olmütz Münzen und Medaillen, Wien, 1873.
;CZ;AT|LTC| City \ Leitmeritz \ Litomerice | (CZ)
;CZ;DE|LTH=L.TH| Lager-\Gettogeld Theresienstadt | (CZ)
;CZ;AT;DE|OLO| City \ Olmütz \ Olmutz \ Olomouc | (CZ)
;CZ;AT;HU|OPA| City \ Opava \ Troppau | (CZ,TT540)
;CZ|OSR| City \ Ostrava | (TT560)
;CZ;AT|PLZ| City \ Pilsen \ Plzen | (CZ)
;EU|PRG| City \ Prag \ Prague \ Praha | (CZ,TT600)
;CZ;AT|SBN| Village \ Steben \ Stöben \ Stebno | (CZ)
;CZ;DE|SV(.)=S(./)V(.)| Suchomel,D./Videman,J.: Mincovnictvi Olomouckych .. (Arci)biskupu (1608-1820), Kromeriz, 1997.

- DK : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;DK;DE|AAB| City \ Aabenraa \ Åbenrå \ Alpenrade | (DK,TT003)
;DK|AAL| City \ Aalborg \ Ålborg | (TT005)
;DK|AAR| City \ Aarhus | (TT010)
;DK;DE|AGV| Augustenborg und Gravenstein\Grasten | (DK)
;DK;DE|ALO| (Hamburg-)Altona | (DE)
;DK;IS;VI|C10| Person \ King Christian X (DK:1912-47,IS:1918-44,VI:1912-17)
;EU|CBH| City \ Copenhagen \ Kopenhagen \ København | (DK,TT160)
;DK;NO;SE|CR?| Person \ King Christian (1:1448-81;2:1513-23)
;DK;NO|CR?| Person \ King Christian (3:1534-59;4:1588-1648;5:1670-99)
;DK;NO;VI|CR?| Person \ King Christian (6:1730-46;7:1766-1808)
;DK;VI|CR?| Person \ King Christian (8:1839-48;9:1863-1906)
;DK|CT?| Person \ Christoph (1:1252-59;2:1319-26,30-32)
;DK;NO;SE|CT?| Person \ Christoph (3:1439-48)
;DK;VI|DVI| Authority \ Dansk Vestindien \ Danish West Indies (1754-1917)
;DK|EBJ| City \ Esbjerg | (TT200)
;DK|EBT| City \ Ebeltoft | (TT180)
;DK|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper coins of Denmark and her possessions, 1962.
;DK|ER?| Person \ King Erik (1:1095-1103;2:1134-37;3:1137-46;4:1241-50;5:1259-86;6:1286-1319)
;DK;NO;FI;NO;SE|ER?| Person \ King Erik (7:1412-39,2:for FI+SE)
;DK|FK(.)| Jensen/Sømod: Fortegnelse over Frimaerkepenge, 1975.
;DK;NO|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (1:1523-33;2:1559-88;3:1648-70;4:1699-1730)
;DK;NO;VI|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (5:1746-66;6:1808-39,NO:-1814)
;DK;VI|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (7:1848-63;8:1906-12)
;DK|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (9:1947-72)
;DK|FRC| City \ Fredericia | (TT250)
;DK;DE|GDK=G.DK| Dänemark (dt. Besetzung)
;DK;DE|GDT| City \ Glückstadt (Shl) | (DE-GLU,GST,TT348)
;DK|GRE| City \ Grenaa \ Grenå | (TT300)
;DK;DE|GTP| Authority \ City \ Schleswig-Holstein-)Gottorp | (DE)
;DK;DE|HAD| City \ Hadersleben \ Haderslev | (DK,HRV,TT320)
;DK;NO|Hd(.)| Hede,H.: Danmarks og Norges Mónter (1541-1814), Hellerup, 1978.
;DK|HHM| City \ Horsholm | (TT365)
;DK|HIL| City \ Hillerod | (TT340)
;DK|HOR| City \ Horsens | (TT360)
;DK;IN|IDK| Authority \ Danish India (1777-1869)
;DK;NO;SE|JH?| Person \ King Johann (1:1481-1513,2:for SE)
;DK|KN?| Person \ King Knut (4:1080-86;5:1147-57;6:1182-1202)
;DK|KOG| City \ Køge | (TT450)
;DK|KOL| City \ Kolding | (TT460)
;DK;FI;NO;SE|MG?| Person \ Queen Margarethe (1:1387-1412)
;DK|MG?| Person \ Queen Margarethe (2:1972-)
;DK;IN|NCB| Region \ Nicobar Islands \ Frederiksøerne (1755-1868,INB:-) | (IDK,-AN)
;DK|NI0| Person \ King Niels (1104-34)
;DK|NVD| City \ Naestved | (TT560)
;DK|ODE| City \ Odense | (TT640)
;DK;IN|OIK| Authority \ Ostindisk Kompagny (1620-1777)
;DK|OL?| Person \ King Olaf (1:1086-95)
;DK;NO|OL??| Person \ King Olaf (2H:1376-87;4H:for NO 1380-87)
;DK|RAN| City \ Randers | (TT720)
;DK|RKE| City \ Roskilde
;DK;DE|SDB| City \ (Schleswig-Holstein-)Sonderburg \ Sønderborg | (DK-SGD,TT800)
;DK;DE;FI;FO;GL;IS;NO;SE|Sg(.)| Sieg's Coin Catalog - NORDEN (The Nordic countries).
;DK|SLB| City \ Silkeborg | (TT780)
;DK;IN|SRP| Region \ Serampore \ Frederiksnagore (1755-1845,INB:-) | (IDK,-WB)
;DK|SV0| Person \ King Sven (1147-57)
;DK;DE|TON| City \ Tondern \ Tønder | (DK)
;DK;IN|TRA| City \ Tranquebar \ Tharangambadi (1620-1845,INB:-) | (IDK,-TN)
;DK|VD?| Person \ King Valdemar (1:1147-82;2:1202-41;3:1326-30;4:1340-75)
;DK|VIB| City \ Viborg | (TT860)

- EE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;EE;DE|DOP| City \ Dorpat \ Tartu | (EE-TAY)
;EE;DE|GES=G.ES| Estland (dt. Besetzung)
;EE;BY;DE;LT;LV;RU|KR(.)|Kulo,Ants/Rudich,Juri: German Occupation in WW II of Baltic States, Tallinn, 1999.
;EE;DE;LV|LVO| Authority \ Livländischer Orden \ Livlandic Order | (EE+LV)
;EE;DE|NAR| City \ Narwa \ Narva (1302-) | (EE)
;EE;DE|RH(.)| Roß,Heino: Lokal-, Privat- und Notgelder in Estland, EE-Tartu, 1994/2006.
;EE;DE|TLL| City \ Tallinn \ Reval (1248-) | (EE)

- ES : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;ES|AYL| Regions \ Asturias y Leon
;ES|AC=A(LC)| City \ Region \ Alicante | (VC)
;ES|ADV| City \ L'Ametlla del Valles
;ES|AM?| Person \ King Amadeo (1:1870-73)
;ES|AN=AN(U)| Region \ Andalusia
;ES|A??| Person \ King Alfonso (12:1874-85;13:1886-1931)
;ES|AR=A(O)R| Region \ Kingdom \ Aragon \ Aragón
;ES|ARN| City \ Arenys de Mar
;ES|BC=B(CN)| City \ Province \ Region \ Barcelona | (TT080)
;ES|BGA| City \ Berga
;ES|BIO| City \ Bilbao | (BO)
;ES|BU=BU(R)| City \ Region \ Burgos
;ES|CA=CA(D)| City \ Region \ Cádiz
;ES|CL?| Person \ King Charles [Carlos] (1:1516-56;2:1665-1700;3:1759-88;4:1788-1808)
;ES|CSZ| City \ Cazalla De La Sierra | (ES-YLL)
;ES|CT=CT(Y)| Community \ Region \ Catalonia \ Catalunya \ Cataluña
;ES|CT(.)=C./T.| Calico,F.+ X./Trigo,J.: Numismatica espanola 1474-1994. Barcelona 1994.
;ES|CUE| City \ Cuenca | (CA)
;ES|CY(.)| Cayón,Adolfo+Clemente+Juan: Las Monedas Españolas: del 411 a Nuestros Dias, Madrid, 2005.
;ES|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper coins of Spain, 1962.
;ES|EUZ| Authority \ Gobierno de Euzkadi | (PV)
;ES|FD?| Person \ King Ferdinand [Fernando] (2:1479-1516:AR,5:1475-1504:CS;6:1746-59;7:1808,1813-33)
;ES|FF0?| Person \ Francisco Franco (1939-1975)
;ES|GAA| City \ Granada | (G)
;ES|GCE| Period \ Spanish Civil War \ Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939)
;ES|GI=G(O)I| City \ Province \ Region \ Girona \ Gerona | (ES-GRO)
;ES|GR| Region \ Granada
;ES|GTP| City \ Gratallops
;ES|IB=I(L)B| Island \ Mallorca \ Majorca \ Balearic Islands \ Yslas Balerares \ Illes Balears
;ES|IBI| City \ Ibi | (AC)
;ES|IL?| Person \ Queen Isabella [Isabel] (1:1474-1504:CS;2:1833-68)
;ES|IP?| Person \ King Philip [Felipe] (1:1506:CS;2:1556-98;3:1598-1621;4:1621-65,5:1700-24-46,6:2014-)
;ES|JA?| Person \ Queen Joanna [Juana] (1:1504:CS-1516:AR-1555)
;ES|JC?| Person \ King Juan Carlos (1:1975-2014)
;ES|JO?| Person \ King Joseph [José] (1:1808-1813)
;ES|LAH| City \ El Arahal | (ES-AA9)
;ES|LCG| City \ La Coruna
;ES|LD=L(JD)|Spain \ Lérida \ Lerida \ Lleida
;ES|LI?| Person \ King Louis [Luis] (1:1724)
;ES|LPZ| Village \ La Puebla de Cazalla
;ES|LYR| City \ Lora del Río
;ES|MAH| Island \ Menorca \ Mahon
;ES|MCH| City \ Marchena | (ES-MQC)
;ES|MD=M(AD)| City \ Region \ Madrid
;ES|MLL| Island \ Region \ Majorca \ Mallorca
;ES|NA=N(R)A| Region \ Province \ Navarra \ Nafarroa
;ES;BE;NL|NLE| Region \ Spanish Netherlands (1556-1581) | (BE+NL)
;ES;BE;NL|NLS| Region \ Southern Spanish Netherlands (1581-1713) | (BE)
;ES|NLL| City \ Nulles | (ES-RAJ)
;ES|No(.)| Miró Agulló: El Sello Moneda de la República, 2008.
;ES|OLT| City \ Olot | (OOE)
;ES|PNA| City \ Pamplona | (PA)
;ES|PRO| Authority \ Gobierno de Provisional (1868-1871)
;ES|PV=PV(C)| Region \ Pai´ Vasco
;ES|RP?| Period \ (1:1873-1874;2:1931-1939). Spanish Republic
;ES;CL|SCL| City \ Santiago de Chile | (CL)
;ES|SDR| City \ Santander | (SR,TT680)
;ES|SE=S(V)E| City \ Region \ Sevilla \ Seville | (SL,SVQ,TT700)
;ES|SG=S(E)G| City \ Region \ Segovia
;ES|SGA| City \ Segarra de Gaia
;ES|SPB| Regions \ Santander & Palencia & Burgos
;ES|TA=T(AR)| Region \ Province \ Tarragona
;ES|TO=TO(L)| City \ Region \ Toledo
;ES|TOT| City \ Tortosa
;ES|TSX| City \ Tarrasa | (TT760)
;ES|TU(.)|Turro,Antoni: moneda fraccionària de necessitat .. a Barcelona
;ES|UBI| Mint \ Jubia \ Iubia \ Xubia | (JA)
;ES|VA| Region \ Valladolid
;ES|VC=V(LC)| Community \ Region \ Province \ Valencia \ Valenciana
;ES|VLL| City \ Valladolid

- FI : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;FI;RU|AX?| Person \ King Alexander [Aleksanteri] (1:1809-25;2:1855-81;3:1881-94)
;FI;SE|BE?| Person \ King Benedict (1:1284-91,Bengt Birgerinpoika;2:1353-56,Pentti Algotinpoika)
;FI;SE|BI0| Person \ King Birger (1291-1302,Maununpoika)
;FI;SE|ER?| Person \ King Erik (1:1357-59)
;FI;DK;NO;SE|ER?| Person \ King Erik (2:1412-39,7:for DK+NO)
;FI;DE|GSU=G.SU| Finnland (dt. Besetzung)
;FI|HEL| City \ Helsinki \ Helsingfors | (TT320)
;FI;SE|IE0| Person \ Ingeborg Eriksdottir of Norway (1319-53,widow of VD2)
;FI;DK;NO;SE|MG?| Person \ Queen Margarethe (1:1387-1412)
;FI;SE|MU?| Person \ King Magnus [Maunu] (1:1275-84,Ladonlukko;2:1359-64)
;FI;RU|NI?| Person \ King Nicholas [Nikolai] (1:1825-55;2:1894-1917)
;FI|POR| City \ Pori \ Björneborg | (TT600)
;FI|REP| Period \ Republic (1918-)
;FI;DE;DK;FO;GL;IS;NO;SE|Sg(.)| Sieg's Coin Catalog - NORDEN (The Nordic countries).
;FI;SE|TKU| City \ Turku \ Åbo | (FI,TT010)
;FI;SE|TMP| City \ Tampere \ Tammersfors | (FI,TT720)
;FI|TOR| City \ Tornio \ Torneå | (TT740)
;FI;SE|VD?| Person \ King Valdemar (1:1250-75,Birgerinpoika;2:1302-19,Maununpoika)
;FI;RU|VYG| City \ Vyborg \ Viipuri \ Wiburg \ Wiborg | (RU,TT880)

- FR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;FR|ABB| City \ Abbeville (80)
;FR|ACT| City \ Audincourt (25)
;FR|AEF| Region \ Afrique Équatoriale Francaise \ French Equatorial Africa
;FR|AEN| City \ Avesnelles (59)
;FR;DE|AL| Region \ Alsace-Lorraine \ Elsaß-Lothringen | (FR)
;FR|ALE| City \ Alecon (61) | (TT060)
;FR|ALR| City \ Albert (80)
;FR|ALS| City \ Ales (30) \ Alais
;FR|AMI| City \ Amiens (80) | (TT120)
;FR|ANI| City \ Aniche (59)
;FR|ANZ| City \ Anzin (59)
;FR|AOF| Region \ Afrique Occidentale Francaise \ French West Africa
;FR|AOY| City \ Annonay (07)
;FR;DE|ARB| City \ Arenberg (01) | (FR)
;FR;IN|ARC| City \ Arkat \ Arcot (Vellore) | (INF,-TN)
;FR|ARQ| City \ Arques (62)
;FR|ARR| City \ Arras (62)
;FR;NL|ART| Dynasty \ Artois \ Artesie | !PK! (FR-AT)
;FR|ASA| City \ Arcis-sur-Aube (10)
;FR|ATG| City \ Cartigny (80)
;FR|ATQ| City \ Artres (59)
;FR|AUS| City \ Auby (59)
;FR;VA|AV=AV(N)| City \ Region \ Avignon(e) | (FR)
;FR;DE|BAR| City \ Bar-le-Duc (55) | (FR-BLD)
;FR|BBC| City \ Bolbec (76)
;FR|BBH| Dynasty \ Boisbelle & Henrichemont (near Vierzon)
;FR;VA|Bd(.)| Boudeau: Catalogue général illustré des Monnaies Francaises Provinciales
;FR|BEA| City \ Beaune (21)
;FR|BES| City \ Brest (29)| (TT170)
;FR|BET| City \ Bethune (62)
;FR|BIQ| City \ Biarritz (64)
;FR|BOD| City \ Bourdeaux (33)
;FR|BOL| City \ Boulogne-sur-Mer (62)
;FR|BOR| City \ Belfort (90)
;FR|BOU| City \ Bourges (18)
;FR|Br(.)| Broustine: Timbres Monnaie - France et Colonies
;FR|BRG| City \ Region \ Bourgogne (51) \ Burgundy
;FR|BRR| City \ Briare (45)
;FR;DE|BSC| City \ Besançon (25) \ Bisanz | (FR-BSN,TT140)
;FR|BTN| City \ Barentin (76)
;FR|BVA| City \ Beauvais (60)
;FR|BZO| City \ Bezons (95) | (TT150)
;FR|C(.)| Louis Ciani: Les Monnaies Royales Francaises. Paris 1926.
;FR|C2G(.)| Crepin/Clairand/Grangien: Liards de France, royaux et féodaux Louis XIV. Paris 2008.
;FR|CAL| City \ Calais (62) | (FR-CQF,TT180)
;FR;DE;NL|CAM| City \ Cambrai (59) \ Kamerich \ Kamerijk | !PK! (FR-CMB)
;FR;GF|CAY| City \ Region \ Cayenne | (GF)
;FR|CBI| City \ Corbie (80)
;FR|Cdc(.)| Jean Pirot: Les Billets des Chambres de Commerce
;FR|CEF| City \ Caudebec-les-Elbeuf (76)
;FR|CFE| City \ Clermont-Ferrand (63) | (TT280)
;FR|CFM| City \ Clermont-les-Fermes (02)
;FR|CHA| City \ Chartres (28)
;FR|CHY| City \ Chauny (02)
;FR;IN|CIO| Authority \ Compagnie des Indes Orientales (1664-1769)
;FR|CIT| City \ Cornimont (88)
;ES|CL?(?)| Person \ King Charles (1:768-814;2:840-77;3A:885-88;3B:898-922;4:1322-28;5:1364-80)
;ES|CL?| Person \ King Charles (6:1380-1422;7:1422-61;8:1483-98;9:1560-74)
;FR|CLD| City \ St. Cloud (92) | (TT850)
;ES|CM?| Person \ King Carloman (1:768-771;2:882-884)
;FR;IT|CMA(.)=Camm.| Cammarano, M.: Corpus Luiginorum. Paris \ Monaco 1998.
;FR;CH|CMF| City \ Chambéry (73) | (FR)
;FR|CMM| City \ Commentry (03)
;FR|CMP| City \ Compiegne (60)
;FR;DE|CMR| City \ Colmar (68) | (FR)
;FR|CMT| City \ Chaumont (52)
;FR|CNG| City \ Cognac (16)
;FR|CNS| City \ Chatillon-sur-Seine (21)
;FR|Co(.)| Cohen: Description Historique des Monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain
;FR|COE| City \ Corbeil(-Essones) (91)
;FR|COK| City \ Coudekerque-Branche (59)
;FR;VA|CP=C(R)P| City \ Region \ Carpentras (84) | (FR)
;FR;VA|CRP| => CP
;FR;IT|CRS| Region \ Corsica \ Corse (2A+2B) | (FR)
;FR|CSG| City \ Ciry Salsogne (02)
;FR|CSM| City \ Chalons-en-Champgne (51) \ Chalons-sur-Marne
;FR|CSS| City \ Chalon-sur-Saone (71)
;FR|CTH| City \ Chateau-Thierry (02)
;FR|CVM| City \ Charleville (51) | (TT240)
;FR|CWB| City \ Cours-La-Ville (69)
;FR|D(.)| Emile Dewamin: Cent ans de Numismatique Francaise
;FR;DE|DAB| Village \ Dabo \ Dagsburg | (FR)
;FR;DIJ| City \ Dijon (21)
;FR;DE|DKK| City \ Dunkerque (59) \ Dünkirchen | (FR)
;FR|DLE| City \ Dole (39)
;FR;VA|DM(.)| Jean DeMey: Les Monnaies du Comtat Venaissin
;FR|DNR| City \ Dinard (35) | (TT300)
;FR|DOB| Region \ Dombes (01)
;FR|DOI| City \ Douai (59)
;FR|DP(.)| Depeyrot,G.: Les Monnaies Feodales de France. Maisson Florage 1996.
;FR|DPE| City \ Diepe (76)
;FR|Dr(.)| Droulers: Répertoire Général des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI, 1987.
;FR|Dr2(.)| Droulers: Répertoire Général des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI, 2000.
;FR|Dr5(.)| Droulers: Répertoire Général des Monnaies de Louis XIII à Louis XVI, 2012.
;FR|DRH| City \ Quarter \ Dornach (Mulhouse) | (TT320)
;FR;VA|DSG| => SG
;FR|DY(.)| Duplessy: Les Monnaies Francaises Royales ...
;FR|DUL| City \ Doullens (80)
;FR|E(.)| Elie,Roland: Monnaies de necessite et jetons FR/Colonies/MC (1800-2000),2003.
;FR|EBF| City \ Elbeuf (76)
;FR|EBU| City \ St. Etienne (42) | (TT800)
;FR|ECY| City \ Ecully (69) | (TT325)
;FR|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of France, 1962.
;FR;DE|EL(.)=E(./)L(.)| Engel,Arthur/Lehr,Ernest: Numismatique de l'Alsace, Paris, 1887.
;FR;DE|ELS| Region \ Elsaß \ Alsace | !GR! (FR-ALS)
;FR;DE|ENC| City \ Nancy (54) | (FR,TT595)
;FR;AT;DE|ENI| City \ Ensisheim (68) \ Anze | (FR)
;FR|EPL| City \ Epinal (88)
;FR|ERV| City \ Eurville (52)
;FR|ESN| City \ Conde-sur-Noireau (14)
;FR|ET(.)| Elie,Roland: Les Jetons de Transport Francais, 1995.
;FR|EUA| City \ Le Cateau (59)
;FR|EVX| City \ Evreux (27)
;FR|F(.)=F(ay.)| Claude Fayette: Les billets de la banque de France
;FR|FAY| => F
;FR|FBU| City \ Fontainebleau (77)
;FR|FBY| City \ Folembray (02)
;VA|FC?| Person \ King Francis \ Francois (1:1515-47;2:1559-60)
;FR|FEC| City \ Fecamp (76)
;FR|FHB| City \ Fourchambault (58) | (TT350)
;EU|FIR| City \ Florence \ Florenz \ Firenze | (IT)
;FR|FLE| City \ Flers (61)
;FR|FRJ| Period \ Monarchie de Juillet \ July Monarchy (1830-1848)
;FR|FRK| Period \ Kingdom of France (987-1792)
;FR|FRL| Period \ France libre \ exile provisional government for unoccupied & liberated territories (1940û1944)
;FR|FRM| City \ Fourmies (59)
;FR|FRP| Period \ Provisional Government \ gouvernement provisoire de la République (1944-1946)
;FR|FRR| Period \ restored Kingdom of France (1815-1830)
;FR|FRV| Period \ Régime de Vichy \ Nazi Puppet Goverment (1941û1944)
;FR|FSM| City \ Fismes (51)
;FR;DE|FTG| City \ Fenetrange (57) \ Finstingen \ Fenestrange | (FR)
;FR|FUN| City \ Fleurines (60)
;FR|FXU| City \ Flixecourt (80)
;FR|G(a.)| Gadoury: Monnaies Francaises
;FR;DE|GBW| City \ Guebwiller (68) \ Gebweiler | (FR-GWB)
;FR;DE|GFR=G.FR| Frankreich (dt. Besetzung)
;FR;BE;NL|Ghy(.)| J.Ghyssens: Les petits deniers de Flandres
;FR|GL(.)| Gariel, E.: Les Monnaies Royales de France sous la Race Carolingienne.
;FR|GNB| City \ Grenoble (38) | (TT375)
;FR|GR(.)| Gadoury: Monnaies Royales Francaises
;FR|GZE| Abbey \ Gorze (near Metz) | (FR)
;FR|HAM| City \ Ham (80)
;FR;BE;NL|HEN| City \ Henegouwen \ Hainaut \ Heinaut | !PK! (FR/BE)
;FR|HK(.)| Habrekorn: Monnaies de nécessite locales francaises, Paris, 1976.
;GB|HR?| King Henry (1:1031-60;2:1547-59;3:1574-89;4:1589-1610;5:1830)
;FR;IN|INF| Authority \ French India (1769-1954)
;ES|IP?| Person \ King Philip (1:1060-1108;2:1180-1223;3:1270-85;4:1285-1314;5:1316-22;6:1328-50)
;FR|ISY| City \ (Grandcamp-)Maisy (02)
;FR|JCM| City \ Jouy-sur-Morin (77)
;FR|JH?| Person \ King John (1:1316;2:1350-64)
;FR|JLB(.)| Jean-Luc Buathier: Les billets de nécessité de Haute-Savoie
;FR|JOY| City \ Joigny (89) | (FR-UXE)
;FR|Jr(.)| Jérémie,Yves: Billets de necessité Francais de la guerre (1870-71), 2009
;FR|K(.)| M.Kolsky, J.Laurent, A.Dailly: Les Billets de France (1707-2000)
;FR;IN|KRK| City \ Kar(a)ikal (1738-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;FR|L(.)| Jean Lafaurie: Les assignats et les papiers-monnaies émis par l'Etat au XVIIIème siècle
;FR|LI?| Person \ King Louis (1:814-40;2:877-79;3:879-82;4:936-54;5:986-87;6:1108-37;7:1137-80;8:1223-26;9:1226-70)
;FR|L??| Person \ King Louis (10:1314-16;11:1461-83;12:1498-1515;13:1610-43;14:1643-1715;15:1715-74)
;FR|L??| Person \ King Louis (16:74-92;17:93-95;18:1814-15,15-24;19:1830)
;FR|LAN| City \ Langres (52)
;FR|LAO| City \ Laon (02)
;FR|LCR| City \ Le Creusot (71)
;FR|Le(.)=Le(c.)| Lecompt: Monnaies et Jetons des Colonies Francaises
;FR|LEC| => LE
;FR|LEH| City \ Le Havre (76) \ La Havre | (TT400)
;FR|LEN| City \ Lens (Pas-de-Calais) (62)
;FR|LHR| City \ Les Hautes-Rivieres (08)
;FR|LIE| City \ Lievin (62)
;FR|LIG| City \ Limoges (87) | (TT500)
;FR|LIO| City \ Lyon (69) \ Lyons \ Leyden | (TT520)
;FR|LIX| City \ Lisieux (4)
;FR|LK(.)| LeClerc,Roger/Kolsky,Maurice: Les Billets Africains de la Zone Franc
;FR|LKB| City \ Le Kremlin-Bicrete (94)
;FR|LLE| City \ Lille (59)
;FR|LME| City \ Le Mans (72)
;FR;DE|LOT| Region \ Lothringen \ Lorraine | (FR)
;FR;DE|LRE| Region \ Murbach & Lüders \ Lure | (FR,MLE)
;FR|LRH| City \ La Rochelle (17) | (TT480)
;FR|LRJ| City \ Solre-le-Chateau (59)
;FR|LF(.)| Le Franc: Argus des Monnaies Francaises
;FR;DE|LNA=L.NA| Lager-\Gettogeld Natzweiler (Struthof) | (FR?)
;FR|LNE| City \ Lillebonne (76)
;FR|LPT| City \ Levallois-Perret (92)
;FR|LRT| City \ Lorient (56)
;FR|LVS| City \ Louviers (27)
;FR|M(.)| Maurice Muszynski: Les assignats de la Révolution Francaise
;FR;IN|MAH| City \ Region \ Mahe (1724-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;FR|MAM| City \ Marles(-les-Mines) (62)
;FR|MAU| City \ Maubeuge (59)
;FR|MAZ| City \ Mazamet (81)
;FR|MDD| City \ Montdidier (80)
;FR|MEA| City \ Meaux (77)
;FR|MH(.)| Meyer,Hans: Katalog der französischen Notmünzen (1914-31), 1977.
;FR|MHD| City \ Sainte-Menehould (51)
;FR;DE|MHS| City \ Mulhouse (68) \ Mühlhausen (Elsaß) | (FR-MLH)
;FR|MIM| City \ Mitry-Mory (77)
;FR|MMT| City \ Mormant (77)
;FR|MNS| City \ Masnieres (59)
;FR|MOE| City \ Montataire (60)
;FR|MOS| City \ Montargis (45)
;FR;DE|MPG| City \ Montbéliard (25) \ Mompelgart \ Mömpelgard \ Mümpelgard | (FR-MTD)
;FR|MRS| City \ Marseille (13) | (TT540)
;FR|MSB| City \ Montrond-les-Bains (42) | (TT560)
;FR|MTM| City \ Montélimar (26)
;FR;DE|MTZ| City \ Metz (57) | (FR-MZM,TT550)
;FR|MVO| City \ Mirecourt (88)
;FR|NCE| City \ Nice (06) \ Nizza | (TT630)
;FR;CH;DE|NCH| City \ Region \ Neuchatel \ Neuchâtel \ Neuenburg | (CH-QNC)
;FR|NET| City \ Neuilly-en-Thelle
;FR|NGS| City \ Nogent-sur-Seine (10)
;FR|NHD| City \ Nanteuil-le-Haudouin (60)
;FR|NLR| City \ Nogent-le-Rotrou (28)
;FR|NMS| City \ Nemours (77)
;FR|NOY| City \ Noyon (60)
;FR|NP?| Person \ Emperior Napoleon (1:1804-1815,1. Empire;2:1815;3:1852-1870,2. Empire)
;FR|NRE| Region \ Nevers (58) & Rethel (08) | (NVS+REH)
;FR;NC|NOU| City \ Noumea \ Nouméa | (NC)
;FR|NTE| City \ Nantes (44) | (TT600)
;FR|NZV| City \ Nouzonville (08) \ Nouzon
;FR;DZ|OAN| City \ Oran | (DZ-ORN)
;FR|OBS| City \ Aubenas (07) | (TT135)
;ES|OD0| Person \ King Odo \ Eudes (888-898)
;FR|OEC| City \ Les Ponts-de-Ce (49) | (TT680)
;FR|OPY| City \ Roupy (02)
;FR|ORA| City \ Region \ Orange (84)
;FR|ORC| City \ Orchies (59)
;FR|ORR| City \ Orléans (45) | (TT650)
;EU|PAR| City \ Paris (75) | (FR,TT660)
;FR|PAU| City \ Pau (38) | (PUF,TT670)
;FR|PCX| City \ Le Port-de-Claix (38)
;FR;VA|PDA(.)| Poey d'Avant: Les Monnaies Féodales de France (3 tomes)
;FR;IN|PDY| Region \ Pondichery \ Puducherry (1674-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;FR|PEO| City \ Peronne (80)
;FR|PIF| City \ Plainfaing (88)
;FR;BE;DE;ID;NL|PK(.)=63| Pannekeet: {different books about netherlands coinage}
;FR|PKO| City \ Pinon (02)
;ES|PP0| Person \ King Pepin (751-768)
;FR|PPC| City \ Courcelles-les-Lens (62)
;FR|PRC(.)| M. Prou: Les Monnaies Carolingiennes (751-). Paris 1892, Reprint Graz 1969
;FR|PRM(.)| M. Prou: Les Monnaies Merovingiennes (-751). Paris 1896, Reprint Graz 1969
;FR|PVC| Region \ Provence
;FR|PVP| City \ Provins (77)
;FR;IT|QCR| City \ Corte (2B) | (FR)
;FR|QLB| City \ Quillebeuf | (TT710)
;FR|RAE| City \ Braine (02)
;FR|RAM| City \ Raismes (59)
;FR|RBM| City \ Ribémont (02)
;FR|REH| City \ Rethel (08)
;FR|REY| City \ Remy (60)
;FR|RHE| City \ Reims (51)
;FR;DE|RIQ| City \ Riquewihr (68) \ Reichenweier | (FR)
;FR;DE|RMM| City \ Remiremont (88) \ Romarti | (FR)
;FR|RNE| City \ Roanne (42)
;FR|ROU| City \ Roubaix (59)
;FR|RP?| Period \ (1:1792-1804;2:1848-52;3:1870-1940;4:1946-1958;5:1958-). French Republic
;FR|RRS| City \ Courrieres (62)
;FR|RVF| City \ Revin (08)
;FR|RVG| City \ Rive-de-Gier (42)
;FR;DE|SBH| City \ Haguenau (67) \ Hagenau | (FR-HAG)
;FR;DE|SBU| City \ Strasbourg (67) \ Strassburg \ Straßburg | (FR-SXB,TT855)
;FR|SED| City \ Sedan (08)
;FR|SEZ| City \ Sezanne (51)
;FR;VA|SG=(D)SG| City \ Region \ Pont de Sorgues (84) | (FR-SOR)
;FR|SGB| City \ Saint-Gobain (02)
;FR|SML| City \ St. Malo (35) | (TT820)
;FR|SND| City \ St. Amand (62)
;FR|SNO| City \ Senlis (60)
;FR;DE|SNY| City \ Stenay (55) | (FR-STZ)
;FR|So(.)| Sombart: Franciae IV - Catalogue des Monnaies Royales Francaises de Francois 1er à Henri IV
;FR;DE|STM| City \ Saint Alban | (FR)
;FR|STQ| City \ St. Quentin (02) | (TT835)
;FR;IN|STV| Region \ Surat (1667-1720) | (INF,-GJ)
;FR|SXM| City \ Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines (68)
;FR|SZR| City \ Saint-Dizier (52)
;FR|T(.)| Maurice Muszynski: Les émissions du Trésor
;FR|TBN| City \ Tomblaine (54) | (TT875)
;FR;DE|THN| City \ Thann (68) | (FR-THA)
;FR|TLN| City \ Toulon (83) | (TT880)
;FR|TLS| City \ Toulouse (31)
;FR|TNC| City \ Talence (33)
;FR|To(.)| De la Tour: Atlas de Monnaies Gauloises
;FR|TOU| City \ Toul (54)
;FR;DE|TVL| City \ Thionville (57) \ Diedenhofen | (FR,TT270)
;FR|TVO| City \ Thaon-les-Vosges (88)
;FR|URL| City \ Châuteau-Renault (37) \ Chateau-Renaud
;FR|URO| City \ Rouen (76) | (TT760)
;FR;BE;DE;LU|USA| Village \ Saulnes (54) \ Sonne \ Zounen | (FR)
;FR|USS| City \ Ussel (19)
;FR|VCT| City \ Villers-Cotterets (02)
;FR|VER| City \ Versailles (78)
;FR|VF(.)| Claude Fayette: Les billets de la banque de France et du Trésor
;FR|VG(.)| Victor Guilloteau: Monnaies Francaises
;FR|VHY| City \ Vichy (03)
;FR|VIE| City \ Vienne (38)
;FR|VLY| City \ Valentigney (25)
;FR|VMS| City \ Vimoutiers (61)
;FR|VRD| City \ Verdun (55)
;FR|VZN| City \ Vierzon (18)
;FR|WLG| City \ Wargnies-le-Grand (59)
;FR;DE|WMB| City \ Wissembourg (67) \ Weißenburg | (FR)
;FR|WTT| City \ Watten (59)
;FR;DE|XLL| City \ Bouxwiller (67) \ Buchsweiler | (FR)
;FR;IN|YAN| City \ Region \ Yanaon \ Yanam (1731-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;FR|YBR| City \ Ligny-en-Barrois (55)
;FR|ZUE| City \ Saint-Saulve (59)

- GB : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;GB|18D| Denomination \ eighteen pence bank token
;GB|1D(H)| Denomination \ (Copper/Bronze) Penny (hammered)
;GB|1M(M)| Denomination \ Maundy/Silver Penny (milled)
;GB|20D| Denomination \ twenty pence
;GB|2D(H)| Denomination \ half Groat \ (Copper) Twopence (hammered)
;GB|2G(M)| Denomination \ two Guineas (milled)
;GB|2M(M)| Denomination \ Maundy/Silver Twopence (milled)
;GB|2P| Denomination \ two Pounds
;GB|3DB| Denomination \ Brass Threepence
;GB|3D(H)| Denomination \ Threepence (hammered)
;GB|3F| Denomination \ three Farthings (14mm)
;GB|3HD| Denomination \ penny-halfpenny \ three-halfpence
;GB|3M(M)| Denomination \ Maundy/Silver Threepence (milled)
;GB|3S| Denomination \ Three Shillings
;GB|4D(H)| Denomination \ Groat \ four pence (hammered)
;GB|4M(M)| Denomination \ Maundy/Silver Fourpence (milled)
;GB|50S| Denomination \ fifty Shillings
;GB|5G(M)| Denomination \ five Guineas (milled)
;GB|5P| Denomination \ five Pounds
;GB|6D(H)/(M)| Denomination \ sixpence (hammered)/(milled)
;GB|ABD| City \ Aberdeen | (ABE,TTS030)
;GB|ABE| City \ Aberdare | (TTW030)
;GB|ABG| City \ Abingdon, Oxfordshire | (AGN,TT003)
;GB|ACC| City \ Accrington | (ACR,TT005)
;GB|ACI| Region \ Alderney (Channel Island) | (ALD,TT015)
;GB|ACR| => AN.CR
;GB|AFA| => AN.FA
;GB|AFC| Company \ Abroath & Forfar (Railway) Company
;GB|AG| Denomination \ Angel
;GB|AGN| => AN.GN
;GB|AHC| => AN.HC
;GB|AHG| => AN.HG
;GB;CY|AKT| Region \ Akrotiri | (CY)
;GB|AN0| Person \ Anne (1702-14)
;GB|ARB| City \ Arbroath
;GB|ARD| City \ Ardrossan
;GB;ARR| City \ Arrington (Bridge) | (TT046)
;GB|AYR| City \ Ayr | (TTS150)
;GB;MW|BCA| Region \ British Central Africa | (MW)
;GB|BCG| City \ Bletchington | (TT095)
;GB|BDU| City \ Biddulph | (TT067)
;GB;KE|BEA| Region \ British East Africa (1895-1920) \ Colonial Kenya (1920-64) | (KE)
;GB|BFS| City \ Belfast | (BEL,TTN160)
;GB|BGH| City \ Brighton | (BSH,TT125)
;GB|BGK| City \ Basingstoke | (TT052)
;GB|BGL| City \ Bagillt | (TT045)
;GB|BHM| City \ Birmingham | (TT080)
;GB|BIC| City \ Bicester | (TT065)
;GB|BIF| City \ Barrow in Furness | (TT050)
;GB|BIP| City \ Bishop Auckland | (TT085)
;GB|BLB| City \ Blackburn | (TT090)
;GB|BLD| City \ Blaydon | (TT094)
;GB|BLF| City \ Blandford Forum | (TT093)
;GB|BLK| City \ Blackpool | (TT092)
;GB|BLT| City \ Bolton | (TT105)
;GB|BLY| City \ Blyth | (TT100)
;GB|BOH| City \ Bournemouth | (TT110)
;GB|BR| Denomination \ Broad \ twenty shillings
;GB|BR100| Denomination \ Britannia Gold Coinage - 100 Pounds
;GB|BR10| Denomination \ Britannia Gold Coinage - 10 Pounds
;GB|BR25| Denomination \ Britannia Gold Coinage - 25 Pounds
;GB|BR50| Denomination \ Britannia Gold Coinage - 50 Pounds
;GB|BRF| City \ Bradford | (TT115)
;GB|BRK| City \ Birkenhead | (TT075)
;GB|BRN| City \ Burnley | (TT140)
;GB|BRS| City \ Bristol | (TT135)
;GB|BSY| City \ Barnsley | (BNS,TT048)
;GB|BTM| City \ Bath | (TT055)
;GB|BTR| City \ Burton upon Trent | (TT148)
;GB|BUE| City \ Bursledon | (TT145)
;GB|BUX| City \ Buxton | (TT155)
;GB|BUY| City \ Bury | (TT150)
;GB;GH;GM;NG;SL|BWA| Region \ British West Africa (1866-1962)
;GB|CAX| City \ City of Carlisle | (TT157)
;GB|CCR| => CM.CR
;GB|CDC| => CM.DC
;GB|CDF| City \ Cardiff | (TTW120)
;GB|CEN| Region \ Central (Scotland)
;GB|CES| City \ Chesterfield | (TT170)
;GB|CF(.)| Coincraft: Standard Catalogue of English & UK Coins (1066 to Date), London, 1997.
;GB|CHC| => CM.HC
;GB|CHD| => CM.HD
;GB|CHP| City \ Chipping Norton | (TT178)
;GB|CIR| City \ Cirencester | (TT180)
;GB|CKH| City \ Cookham | (TT208)
;GB|CL?| Person \ King Charles (1:1625-49;2:1660-85)
;GB|CLN| City \ Colne | (TT205)
;GB|CLV| Region \ Cleveland | (TT186)
;GB|CLY| City \ Clydebank
;GB|CNK| City \ Cannock | (TT156)
;GB;IN;NL;PT|COK| City \ Region \ Cochin (12th-1503-1947) | (IN)
;GB|COL| City \ Colchester | (TT200)
;GB|CM=C(O)M| Commonwealth (1649-60)
;GB|COS| City \ Cosham | (TT210)
;GB|COW| City \ Cowes (Isle of Wight) | (TT220)
;GB|CPL| City \ Chapel en le Frith | (TT159)
;GB|CPN| City \ Chippenham | (TT175)
;GB|CRE| City \ Crewe | (TT222)
;GB|CR(H)/(M)| Denomination \ Crown (hammered)/(milled)
;GB|CRO| City \ Croydon | (TT225)
;GB|CRR| Denomination \ Crown of the Rose
;GB|CSH| => CM.SH
;GB|CSR| City \ Chester | (TT165)
;GB|CTM| City \ Chatham | (TT160)
;GB|CUN| => CM.UN
;GB|CVN| City \ Clevedon | (QZL,TT185)
;GB|CW0| Person \ Oliver Cromwell (Commonwealth 1949-60)
;GB|D01| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 1 Penny
;GB|D02| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 2 Pence
;GB|D05| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 5 Pence
;GB|D10| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 10 Pence
;GB|D1P| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - One Pounds
;GB|D20| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 20 Pence
;GB|D25| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 25 Pence
;GB|D2P| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - Two Pounds
;GB|D50| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - 50 Pence
;GB|D5P| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - Five Pounds
;GB|DC(H)| Denomination \ double crown (hammered)
;GB|DER| City \ Derby | (DRB,TT240)
;GB|DFL| Denomination \ double florin (only under VJ)
;GB|DFR| City \ Dunfermline | (TTS330)
;GB|DGL| City \ Douglas | (TT250)
;GB;IM|DGS| City \ Douglas (isle of man) | (IM,TT250)
;GB;CY|DHK| Region \ Dhekelia | (CY)
;GB|DHP| Denomination \ Decimal Coinage - half Penny
;GB|DMS| Specimen Set - Decimal Coinage
;GB|DON| City \ Doncaster | (TT245)
;GB|DPS| Proof Set - Decimal Coinage
;GB|DRH| City \ Durham | (DH1,DHM,DUR)
;GB|DRL| City \ Darlington | (TT230)
;GB|DUM| City \ Dumfries
;GB|DUN| City \ Dundee | (DND,TTS300)
;GB|DVR| City \ Dover | (TT255)
;GB|DWA| City \ Dowlais | (TTW160)
;GB|DWN| City \ Darwen | (TT235)
;GB|DWY| City \ Dewsbury | (TT242)
;GB|EAG| => EL.AG
;GB|EAM| City \ Eastham | (TT265)
;GB|EAT| City \ Region \ Eastleigh | (TT268)
;GB|EAW| Region \ England and Wales
;GB|EAY| City \ Eastry | (TT270)
;GB|EC(.)| Adams,Stuart: Essex Collection of post 1820 tokens ..., 1993.
;GB|ECR| => EL.CR
;GB;AG;AI;DM;GD;KN;LC;MS;VC;VG|ECS| Region \ Eastern Carribean States
;GB|EDI| City \ Edinburgh | (TTS360)
;GB|EGT| City \ Egremont | (TT275)
;GB|EHA| => EL.HA
;GB|EHC| => EL.HC
;GB|EHD| => EL.HD
;GB|EHP| => EL.HP
;GB|EL?| Person \ Queen Elizabeth (1:1558-1603;2:1952-)
;GB|ELG| City \ Elgin | (TTS370)
;GB|ENG| Region \ England | (UKE)
;GB|EPD| => EL.PD
;GB;CY|EPK| Region \ Episkopi | (CY)
;GB|EQA| => EL.QA
;GB|ERY| => EL.RY
;GB|ESH| => EL.SH
;GB|ESV| => EL.SV
;GB|EW?| King Edward (1:1272-1307;2:1307-27;3:1327-77;4:1461-70,71-83;5:1483;6:1547-53;7:1902-10;8:1936)
;GB|FA(M)| Denomination \ Farthing (milled)
;GB|FDL| Area \ Fordell | (TTS405)
;GB|FIF| Region \ Fife | (TTS400)
;GB|FKK| City \ Falkirk | (TTS390)
;GB|FL| Denomination \ Florin \ Double Leopard
;GB|FLE| City \ Fleetwood | (TT290)
;GB|FOF| City \ Forfar | (SCT)
;GB|GAT| Region \ Gateshead (metropolitan district) | (TT315)
;GB|GG?| Person \ King George (1:1714-27;2:1727-60;3:1760-1820;4:1820-30;5:1910-36;6:1937-52)
;GB|GLO| City \ Gloucester | (TT325)
;GB|GLW| City \ Glasgow | (TTS420)
;GB|GN(M)| Denomination \ Guinea
;GB|GNR| Company \ Great Northern Railway
;GB|GNW| City \ Greenwich | (TT345)
;GB|GOS| City \ Gosport | (TT335)
;GB|GOT| Quarter \ Gorton (Manchester) | (M18,TT320)
;GB|GR(.)| Grant,G.L.: Catalogue of Provincial Banks and Banknotes, 1977.
;GB|GRK| City \ Greenock | (TTS450)
;GB|GSY| City \ Grimsby | (GBY,TT350)
;GB|HA| Denomination \ half Angel
;GB|HAF| City \ Hereford | (TT380)
;GB|HC(H)/(M)| Denomination \ half Crown (hammered)/(milled)
;GB|HDF| City \ Huddersfield | (TT400)
;GB|HD(M)| Denomination \ halfpenny (milled)
;GB|HF| Denomination \ half Farthing
;GB|HFL| Denomination \ half Florin \ Leopard
;GB|HFX| City \ Halifax | (TT355)
;GB|HG(M)| Denomination \ half Guinea (milled)
;GB|HL| Denomination \ half Laurel
;GB|HLN| City \ Helensburgh | (TTS510)
;GB|HN| Denomination \ half Noble
;GB|HNG| City \ Hengoed | (TTW240)
;GB|HP| Denomination \ half Pound
;GB|HR?| King Henry (1:1100-35;2:1154-89;3:1216-72;4:1399-1413;5:1413-22;6:1422-61,70-71;7:1485-1509;8:1509-47)
;GB|HS| Denomination \ half Sovereign
;GB|HSA| City \ Hornsea | (HRZ,TT385)
;GB|HTG| City \ Hastings | (TT370)
;GB|HTP| City \ Hartlepool | (TT365)
;GB|HU| Denomination \ half Unite
;GB|HUF| City \ Hungerford | (TT408)
;GB|HWY| City \ High Wycombe | (TT377)
;GB|HYL| City \ Hoylake | (TT390)
;GB|HYM| City \ Heysham | (TT380)
;GB|IBG| City \ Ironbridge | (TT425)
;GB|IFD| City \ Ilford | (TT410)
;GB|IKS| City \ Ilkeston
;GB;IN|INB| Authority \ British India (1612-1947)
;GB|IOM| Region \ Isle of Man | (IM,UKM)
;GB|IPS| City \ Ipswich | (TT415)
;GB|IRL| City \ Irlam | (TT420)
;GB|JAR| City \ Jarrow | (TT430)
;GB|JH0| Person \ John (1199-1216)
;GB|JM?| Person \ King James (1:1603-25;2:1685-88)
;GB|KHL| City \ (Kingston upon) Hull | (HUL,TT405)
;GB|KKD| City \ Kirkcaldy | (TTS580)
;GB|KMK| City \ Kilmarnock | (TTS570)
;GB|KNM| City \ Company \ Kenmore
;GB|LA| Denomination \ Laurel
;GB|LAN| City of Lancaster | (TT440)
;GB|LCE| City \ Leicester | (LCS,TT450)
;GB|LCN| City \ Lincoln | (TT465)
;GB|LDO| City \ Llandudno | (TTW570)
;GB|LDS| Region \ Leeds | (TT445)
;GB|LEC| Region \ Leicestershire | (TT451)
;GB|LEI| City \ Leith | (SCT)
;GB|LGH| City \ Leigh, Greater Manchester | (TT452)
;GB|LHF| City \ Lichfield | (TT460)
;GB|LIV| City \ Liverpool | (TT470)
;EU|LON| City \ London | (GB,TT475)
;GB|LOT| City \ Louth, Lincolnshire | (TT480)
;GB|LUT| City \ Luton | (TT485)
;GB|LVE| City \ Leven (Fife) | (LEV,TTS630)
;GB|LYA| City \ Lytham St. Annes | (TT490)
;GB|LYO| City \ Leyton | (TT455)
;GB|MAG| => MY.AG
;GB|MAH| City \ Maidenhead | (TT492)
;GB|MAN| Region \ Manchster (metropolian district) | (TT500)
;GB|MID| City \ Middlesb(o)rough | (MDB,TT525)
;GB|MDT| City \ Maidstone | (TT495)
;GB|MHA| => MY.HA
;GB|MLA| City \ Meltham | (TT520)
;GB|MLN| City \ Malton, North Yorkshire | (TT498)
;GB|MRY| => MY.RY
;GB|MS| Specimen/Maundy Sets
;GB|MSM| Midsomer Norton | (TT527)
;GB|MSV| => MY.SV
;GB|MT| Region ? \ Person ? \ Matilda
;GB|MTL| City \ Matlock | (TT510)
;GB|MOC| City \ Morecambe | (TT530)
;GB|MOW| City \ Motherwell | (TTS690)
;GB|MY0| Person \ Mary (1553-54)
;GB|NB| Denomination \ Noble
;GB|NBY| City \ Newbury, Berkshire | (TT543)
;GB|NET| Region \ Newcastle upon Tyne (metroplian district) | (TT545)
;GB|NFK| City \ Norfolk | (TT552)
;GB|NGM| City \ Nottingham | (NTG,TT560)
;GB|NGT| Company \ Northern General Transport
;GB|NIR| Region \ Nothern Ireland | (UKI)
;GB|NLN| City \ Nelson | (TT540)
;GB|NPR| City \ Newport, Shropshire | (TT550)
;GB|NRW| City \ Norwich | (TT555)
;GB|NWL| Region \ North Wales
;GB|ODH| City \ Oldham | (OLD,TT570)
;GB|ODS| Village \ Codsall | (TT190)
;GB|OUA| City \ Southsea | (ZDA,TT720)
;GB|OUD| City \ Stroud | (SDX,TT737)
;GB|OXF| Region \ Oxfordshire
;GB|OXO| City \ Oxton | (TT580)
;GB|PAG| => PM.AG
;GB|PAS| City \ Paisley | (TTS720)
;GB|PB(.)| Outing,Roger: Provincial Banknotes of England and Wales, 2010.
;GB|PD| Denomination \ Pound
;GB|PER| City \ Perth | (TTS730)
;GB|PGG| City \ Port Glasgow
;GB|PHA| => PM.HA
;GB|PLY| City \ Plymouth | (TT590)
;GB|PM0| Person \ Philip and Mary (1554-58)
;GB|PME| City \ Portsmouth | (TT600)
;GB|PNY| City \ Pontypridd | (TTW640)
;GB|POC| City \ Port Clarence | (TT595)
;GB|POR| Portcullis Coinage
;GB|PRE| City of Preston, Lancashire | (TT605)
;GB|PS| Proof Set
;GB|PSH| => PM.SH
;GB|QA| Denomination \ quarter Angel
;GB|QF| Denomination \ quarter Farthing (only under VY)
;GB|QFL| Denomination \ quarter Florin \ Helm
;GB|QG| Denomination \ quarter Guinea
;GB|QN| Denomination \ quarter Noble
;GB|QR| Denomination \ quarter Ryal
;GB|RAY| City \ Rothesay (Isle of Bute) | (TTS760)
;GB|RAW| City \ Rawtenstall | (TT615)
;GB|RB(.)| Breingan,Ronnie: Scottish Transport Tokens, Gloucestershire, 2009.
;GB|RD?| Person \ King Richard (1:1189-99;2:1377-99;3:1483-85)
;GB|REY| City \ Rugeley | (TT640)
;GB|RMB| City \ Ramsbottom | (TT610)
;GB|ROL| City \ Rochdale | (RCH,TT625)
;GB|RTH| City \ Rotherham | (ROT,TT630)
;GB|RUT| City \ Rutherglen
;GB|RY| Denomination \ Ryal
;GB|SAA| City \ Southend-on-Sea | (TT710)
;GB|SAT| City \ Saltash | (TT660)
;GB|SAV| City \ Stratford-upon-Avon | (TT732)
;GB|SBA| Regions \ Sovereign Base Areas
;GB|SCT| Region \ Scotland | (UKS)
;GB|SFD| City \ Stretford | (TT735)
;GB|SG| Siege Issue
;GB|SHE| City \ Sheffield | (TT685)
;GB|SH(H)/(M)| Denomination \ Shilling (hammered)/(milled)
;GB|SHI| City \ Shipley | (TT690)
;GB|SHN| Region \ St. Helens metropolian district | (TT645)
;GB|SIL| City \ Silloth | (TT695)
;GB|SLF| City \ Salford, Greater Manchester | (SFY,TT655)
;GB|SNN| City \ Swindon | (TT750)
;GB|SOT| City \ Stoke-on-Trent | (TT730)
;GB|SOU| City \ Southampton | (TT705)
;GB|SP(.)| Spink: Coins of England & the United Kingdom, London, 2005.
;GB|SRD| City \ Stafford | (TT723)
;GB|SRT| City \ Southport | (TT715)
;GB|SRU| City \ Stroud | (SDX,TT737)
;GB|SSH| City \ South Shields | (TT700)
;GB|ST0| Person \ Stephen (1135-1154)
;GB|STK| City \ Stockport | (TT725)
;GB|STL| City \ St. Austell | (TT643)
;GB|STT| City \ Stockton-on-Tees | (TT728)
;GB|SUN| City \ Sunderland, Tyne and Wear | (SND,TT740)
;GB|SV| Denomination \ Sovereign
;GB|SWA| City \ Swansea | (TTW760)
;GB|SWI| Region \ Swindon | (TT750)
;GB|SWL| Region \ South Wales
;GB|TBB| City \ Thornbury | (TT785)
;GB|TCL| River ? \ The Clyde
;GB|TEB| City \ Tewkesbury | (TT782)
;GB|TF| Denomination \ Third Farthing
;GB|TG| Denomination \ Third Guinea
;GB|THD| Region \ Thamesdown \ Borough of Swindon | (TT780)
;GB|TS| Denomination \ testoon
;GB|TTD| City \ Tenterden | (TT770)
;GB|TTM| => TT.IOM
;GB|TTN| => TT.NIR
;GB|TTS| => TT.SCT
;GB|TTW| => TT.WLS
;GB|TU| Denomination \ Triple Unite
;GB|TYM| City \ Tynemouth | (TT795)
;GB|UN| Denomination \ Unite
;GB|UOC| Village \ Culter \ Coulter, South Lanarkshire | (TTS280)
;GB|UOS| Quarter \ Southsea | (ZDA,TT720)
;GB|URS| City \ Urmston | (TT798)
;GB|VA?| Person \ Queen Victoria (1837-1901) (Y:oung;J:ubilee;O:ld;G:othic/odless) inscription
;GB|VCR| => VA.CR
;GB|VFA| => VA.FA
;GB|VFL| => VA.FL
;GB|VHC| => VA.HC
;GB|VHD| => VA.HD
;GB|VHF| => VA.HF
;GB|VHS| => VA.HS
;GB|VMS| => V.MS
;GB|VSH| => V.SH
;GB|VSV| => V.SV
;GB|VTF| => V.TF
;GB|WAL| City \ Walsall | (WLL,TT810)
;GB|WAR| Region \ Warwickshire | (TT823)
;GB|WAY| City \ Wallasey | (TT805)
;GB|WBU| City \ Whitburn | (TT850)
;GB|WCR| => WM.CR
;GB|WEB| City \ West Bromwich | (TT840)
;GB|WED| City \ Wednesbury | (TT830)
;GB|WFA| => WM.FA
;GB|WFD| City \ Wakefield | (TT800)
;GB|WGA| City \ Wigan | (WGN,TT865)
;GB|WGN| => WM.GN
;GB|WHC| => WM.HC
;GB|WHD| => WM.HD
;GB|WHG| => WM.HG
;GB|WHS| City \ Walthamstow | (TT815)
;GB|WIN| City \ Witney | (TT872)
;GB|WIM| City \ Wimborne Minster | (TT868)
;GB|WIR| City \ Wirksworth | (TT870)
;GB|WL?| Person \ King William (1:1066-87;2:1087-1100;3:1695-1701;4:1830-37)
;GB|WLS| Region \ Wales | (UKW)
;GB|WM0| Person \ William and Mary (1588-94)
;GB|WMB| City \ Wemyss (Bay) | (TTS860)
;GB|WOV| City \ Wolverhampton | (TT875)
;GB|WRK| City \ Worksop | (TT887)
;GB|WRM| Settlement \ Wadesmill (Thundridge) | (TT799)
;GB|WRN| City \ Warrington | (TT820)
;GB|WSH| => WM.SH
;GB|WTR| City \ Worcester | (TT885)
;GB|WTW| City \ Wallsend | (TT812)
;GB|WYM| City \ Wylam | (TT890)
;GB|YEO| City \ Yeovil
;GB|YKS| Region \ Yorkshire

- GG : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;GG;DE|GGU=G.GU| Guernsey (dt. Besetzung)

- GR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;GR|ATH| City \ Region \ Athens \ Athinai | (TT080)
;GR|AX0| Person \ King Alexander (1917-1920)
;GR|CO?| Person \ Constantine (1:1913-17;20-22;2:1964-1973)
;GR|CRT| Island \ Crete \ Kreta
;GR|GG?| Person \ King George (1:1863-1913;2:1922-24,35-47)
;GR;DE|GGR=G.GR| Griechenland (dt. Besetzung)
;GR|GMJ| Period \ Greek Military Junta (1967-1974)
;GR;IT|HRK| City \ Herakleia \ Kykladon | (GR)
;GR|ION| Island \ Ionian Islands
;GR|KAR| City \ Karlovasi \ Neon Karlovasion | (TT450)
;GR;IT|NAX| City \ Naxos | (GR)
;GR|OT?| Person \ King Otto (1:1832-1862)
;GR|PA?| Person \ King Paul (1:1947-1964)
;GR|RP?| Period \ (1:1822-1832;2:1924-1935;3:1974-). Greek Republic

- HR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;HR;DE|GCR=G.CR| Kroatien (dt. Besetzung)
;HR;HU|MT0| Person \ Queen Maria Theresia (1740-1780)
;HR;IT|RG=RG(S)| City \ Region \ Ragusa \ Dubrovnik | (HR-DBV)
;HR;IT|RGS| => RG
;HR;AT;IT|RJK| City \ Sankt Veit am Flaum \ Fiume \ Rijeka | (HR,TT650)
;HR;AT|SLA| Region \ Slavonia \ Slavonien | (HR)
;HR;IT|ZAD| City \ Zara \ Zadar | (HR)
;HR;AT|ZAG| City \ Zagreb(u) | (HR)

- HU : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;HU|AB0| Person \ King Albert (1437-1439)
;HU|AW?| Person \ King Andrew (1:1046-60;2:1205-35;3:1290-1301)
;HU|BL?| Person \ King Béla (1:1060-63;2:1131-41;3:1172-96;4:1235-70)
;HU;SK|BTS| City \ Pozsony \ Bratislava \ Preßburg | (SK,TT120,TT600)
;HU|BUD| City \ Budapest | (TT100,TT680)
;HU;AT;CZ;DE|CHB| City \ Eger \ Cheb | (CZ,EGR)
;HU|CL?| Person \ King Charles (1:1308-1342;2:1385-1386)
;HU;AT;CZ|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Austria-Hungary.
;HU|EST| City \ Gran \ Ostrihom \ Esztergom | (TT265)
;HU|FD?| Person \ King Ferdinand (1:1526-64;2:1619-37;3:1637-57;4:1647-54;5:1835-48)
;HU;AT;CZ;DE;PL|FF(.)| Frenzel,U./Fritz,G.: Marken .. & Notmünzen Verkehrsunternehmen, Hamburg, 1978.
;HU;CZ;AT;RO|FL(.)| Frenzel: Notmünzen .. der AT und HU .. Kriegsgefangenenlager .. (1914-18), 1995.
;HU;DE|GHU=G.HU| Ungarn (dt. Besetzung)
;HU|GZ?| Person \ King Géza (1:1074-77;1141-62)
;HU|HR0| Person \ King Emeric [Henry] (1196-1204)
;HU;DE|HZ(.)=Husz.| Huszar,L.: Münzkatalog Ungarn (1000-1979), München, 1979.
;HU|JH?| Person \ King John (1:1526-1540;2:1540-1570)
;HU|KL0| Person \ King Koloman (1095-1116)
;HU;RO;AT|KYZ| Region \ Brodfeld \ Brotfeld \ Câmpul Pâinii \ Kenyérmezö | (RO)
;HU|LI?| Person \ King Louis (1:1342-1382;2:1516-1526)
;HU|LD?(?)| Person \ King Ladislaus (1:1077-95;2A:1162-63;3:1204-05;4:1272-90;5:1440-57)
;HU|LP?| Person \ King Leopold (1:1657-1705;2:1790-1792)
;HU|MS?| Person \ King Matthias (1:1458-1490)
;HU;HR|MT0| Person \ Queen Maria Theresia (1740-1780)
;HU|MY0?| Person \ Queen Mary (A:1382-1385;B:1386-1395)
;HU;CZ;AT|OPA| City \ Opava \ Troppau | (CZ,TT540)
;HU|PR0| Person \ King Peter (1038-41,44-46)
;HU|RP?| Period \ (1:1918-1919;2:1946-1949;3:1989-). Hungarian Republic
;HU|RU?| Person \ King Rudolph (1:1572-1608)
;HU|SA0| Person \ King Samuel (1041-1044)
;HU|SM0| Person \ King Sigismund (1387-1437)
;HU|SO0| Person \ King Solomon (1063-1074)
;HU|ST?(?)| Person \ King Stephen \ Istvan (1:1000-38;2:1116-31;3:1162-72;4A:1163-65;5:1270-72)
;HU|SZE| City \ Szeged | (TT775)
;HU;AT;RO|TRN| Region \ Siebenbürgen \ Transilvania \ Ardeal \ Erdély | (RO/HU)
;HU|VD?| Person \ King Vladislaus \ Wladyslaw (1:1440-1444;2:1490-1516)

- IE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;IE|AHK| City \ Townland \ Athlunkard (Limerick) | (TT080)
;IE|DUB| City \ Baile Atha Cliath \ Dublin | (TT240,TT340)
;IE|ORK| City \ Cork | (CRK,TT280)
;IE|RTM| Company \ Rathmines | (TT820)

- IM : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;IM;GB|DGS| City \ Douglas (isle of man) | (IM,TT250)

- IS : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;IS;DK;VI|C10| Person \ King Christian X (DK:1912-47,IS:1918-44,VI:1912-17)

- LT : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;LT;DE|GLT=G.LT| Litauen (dt. Besetzung)
;LT;DE;PL|Gum(.)| Gumowski,Marian: Handbuch der polnischen Numismatik, Graz 1960.
;LT;BY;DE;EE;LV;RU|KR(.)| Kulo,Ants/Rudich,Juri: German Occupation in WW2 of Baltic States, Tallinn, 1999.
;LT|KU=KU(N)| City \ County \ Kaunas \ Kovno | (TT415)

- LU : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;LU|AD?| Person \ Grand Duke Adolph (1:1890-1905)
;LU;BE;NL|BNL| Region \ BeNeLux | (BE+LU+NL)
;LU|CL0| Person \ Grand Duchess Charlotte (1919-64)
;LU;BE;DE|CUG| Village \ Cugnon | (BE)
;LU;DE|GLU=G.LU| Luxemburg (dt. Besetzung)
;LU|HN0| Person \ Grand Duke Heinrich (2000-)
;LU|JH0| Person \ Grand Duke Johann (1964-2000)
;LU;BE;NL|LGG| City \ Luik \ Liège \ Lüttich | (BE)
;LU|MA0| Person \ Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde (1912-19)
;LU;BE;DE;FR|USA| Village \ Saulnes (54) \ Sonne \ Zounen | (FR)
;LU;NL|WM?| Person \ Grand Duke Wilhelm (1:1815-40;2:1840-49;3:1849-90)
;LU|WM?| Person \ Grand Duke Wilhelm (4:1905-12)

- LV : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;LV;DE|GLE=G.LE| Lettland (dt. Besetzung)
;LV;BY;DE;EE;LT;RU|KR(.)|Kulo,Ants/Rudich,Juri: German Occupation in WW II of Baltic States, Tallinn, 1999.
;LV|LPX| City \ Region \ Liepaja \ Liebau | (TT400)
;LV;DE;EE|LVO| Authority \ Livländischer Orden \ Livlandic Order | (EE+LV)
;LV;DE|RGA| City \ Riga | (LV-RIX)

- ME : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;ME;IT|KOT| City \ Cattaro \ Kotor | (ME)

- MT : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;MT|MLA| City \ County \ Valletta | (TT910)

- NL : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;NL;AW|ABW| Island \ Aruba | (AW-AUA,TT080)
;NL;ID|ACH| Region \ Atjeh \ Aceh | (ID-AC)
;NL|ADW(.)=A(v)dW(.)| A. van der Wiel: Oortjes en duiten van FRI, Koninklijk NL Genootschap Munt en Penningkunde JB28.
;NL|ALK| City \ Alkmaar
;EU|AMS| City \ Amsterdam | (NL,TT050)
;NL|ANH| City \ Anholt | !PK! (DE-AOT)
;NL;BE|ANT| City \ Antwerpen | !PK! (BE-ANR+ATW)
;NL|APP| City \ Appingedam
;NL|ARN| City \ Arnhem | !PK! | (TT045)
;NL;FR|ART| Dynasty \ Artois \ Artesie | !PK! (FR-AT)
;NL|AV(.)| C. Akkermans,C./Vercoulen,P.: Catalogus van het Nederlandse papiergeld 1814-2006
;NL|BAT| City \ Batenburg | !PK! (NL-BTB)
;NL;BE|BBT| Region \ Brabant | (BE-BR)
;NL;ID|BDJ| City \ Region \ Banjarmasin | (ID)
;NL;ID|BEL| Region \ Benculen \ Bengkulu | (ID-BE)
;NL;BQ|BES| Region \ Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba \ Caribbean Netherlands (2010-) | (BQ)
;NL;DE|BLE| City \ Bleyenstein | !PK! (DE)
;NL;BE;LU|BNL| Region \ BeNeLux | (BE+LU+NL)
;NL;BQ|BON| Island \ Bonaire | (BQ)
;NL|BOS| City \ 's-Hertogenbosch | !PK! (NL-HTB)
;NL|BRE| City \ Breda | !PK! (BRD)
;NL;BE|BRU| Mint \ Brüssel \ Bruxelles| !PK! (BE-BRX)
;NL|BX0| Person \ Queen Beatrix (1980-2013)
;NL;DE;FR|CAM| City \ Cambrai (59) \ Kamerich \ Kamerijk | !PK! (FR-CMB)
;NL|CNM(.)| Jan C. van der Wis/Tom Passon: Catalogus van de Nederlandse Munten 1555-1805, 2009.
;NL;GB;IN;PT|COK| City \ Region \ Cochin (12th-1503-1947) | (IN)
;NL|CUL| City \ Culemborg | !PK! (NL-CUB)
;NL;CW|CUW| Island \ Curacao | (CW-CUR)
;NL;ID|DEI| Region \ Dutch East Indies \ Indonesia (1800-1949)
;NL|DEL| City \ Delft | !PK!
;NL;US|DEN| Mint \ Denver (US)
;NL|DEV| City \ Deventer | !PK!
;NL|DGL(.)| Dugniolle,J.Fr.: Le jeton historique des dix-sept provinces des Pays-Bas, Brüssel, 1876-80.
;NL;ID|DLI| Region \ Deli (Serdang) | (ID-DL)
;NL|Dlm(.)=Delm.| Delmonte,A.: Le Benelux d'or/d'argent, Amsterdam, 1964/67.
;NL;BE|DOO| City \ Tournai \ Doornik | !PK! (BE-TRN)
;NL|DRN| Region \ Drenthe | (NL-DR,NL13)
;NL|DKZ| Region \ Deventer & Kampen & Zwolle \ De Driesteden
;NL|DOR| City \ Dordrecht
;NL|DVI| Region \ Dutch Virgin Islands \ Nederlandse Maagdeneilanden (1625-1680)
;NL;DE|dVo(.)| de Voogt,W.J.: Geschiedenes .. muntwezen .. Gelderland (1576-1802), 1874.
;NL;AN;AW;BQ;CW;SR;SX|DWI| Region \ Dutch West Indies (1815-1954) \ Netherlands Antilles (1954-2010)
;NL|ELB| City \ Elburg | !PK!
;NL|EMM| City \ Emmen
;NL|ENK| City \ Enkhuizen
;NL;BQ|EUX| Island \ Sint Eustatius | (BQ)
;NL|EvB(.)| E.J.A. van Beek\J. Fortuyn Droogleever: Geslagen te Zutphen, Zutphen, 1990.
;NL|FLE| Region \ Flevoland | (NL-FL,NL23)
;NL|FRI| Region \ Friesland \ Fryslân | !PK! (NL-FR,NL12)
;NL;ID|GEL| Region \ Gelderland | !PK! (NL-GE,NL22)
;NL;BE|GEN| City \ Gent \ Ghent \ Gand | !PK! (BE-GNE)
;NL|GH(.)=(v)GH(.)| Gelder,van/Hoc,M.: Les monnaies des Pays-Bas Bourguignons et Espagnols (1434-1713), AMS, 1960.
;NL;BE;FR|Ghy(.)| J.Ghyssens: Les petits deniers de Flandres
;NL;DE|GNL=G.NL| Niederlande (dt. Besetzung)
;NL|GOM=G(R)OM| Region \ Groningen And Ommeland | (!PK!=GROM)
;NL|GOR| City \ Gorcem \ Gorinchem | !PK!
;NL|GRO| City \ Groningen - Stad | !PK! (NL-GRQ)
;NL|GROM| => PK.GOM
;NL|GRONS| => PK.GRS
;NL;DE|GRS| City \ Gronsveld \ Gronsvelt | (ELD,!PK!=GRONS)
;NL|GSL| Region \ Groningen - Provincie van Stad en Lande | (NL-GR,NL11,GRO)
;NL|HAA| City \ Haarlem
;NL|HAG| City \ The Hague \ Den Haag \ 's-Gravenhage | (TT280,ex-TT800)
;NL;DE|HBD| Dynasty \ Heid & Blijt \ Heid & Bleid | (DE)
;NL|HDL| City \ Hedel
;NL;BE;FR|HEN| City \ Henegouwen \ Hainaut \ Heinaut | !PK! (FR/BE)
;NL|HIV| City \ Hilversum | (HVS,TT300)
;NL;ID|HOL| Region \ Holland | !PK! (NL-NH+ZH)
;NL|HRB| City \ 's-Heerenberg
;NL|HRD| City \ Harderwijk
;NL|HRN| City \ Hoorn
;NL;DE|HUI| City \ Huissen | !PK! (NL)
;NL;ID|JAT| Region \ Java \ Jawa (Tengah) | (ID-JT)
;NL|JFD(.)| J. Fortuyn Droogleever: De vorstelijke en stedelijke muntslag te DEV, DEV, 1982.
;NL|JMP(.)| different authors: Jaarboek munt en penningkunde.
;NL|K(.)xx| A.J. Kooji: Nederlandse Betaal-en Reclame Penningen.
;NL;DE|KAM| City \ Kampen \ Campen | !PK! (NL)
;NL;DE|KLE| City \ Cleve \ Kleve \ Kleef | !PK! (DE)
;NL;DE|LAF=L.AF| Lager-\Gettogeld Amersfoort | (NL)
;NL|LEI| City \ Leiden \ Leyden | !PK! (NL-LID)
;NL;DE|LHB=L.HB| Lager-\Gettogeld Herzogenbusch | (NL-Vught)
;NL|LMM| Region \ Limbourg-Maastricht
;NL;BE;LU|LGG| City \ Luik \ Liège \ Lüttich | (BE)
;NL;DE|LWE=L.WE| Lager-\Gettogeld Westerbork | (NL)
;NL|LWR| City \ Leeuwarden
;NL|MAA| City \ Maastricht | !PK! (NL-MST,TT420)
;NL;ID|MAL| Region \ Maluku | (ID-MA)
;NL|MDL| City \ Middelburg (ZEL) | (TT440)
;NL|MDM| City \ Medemblik
;NL;ID|MDR| Region \ Madura | (ID-MD)
;NL|MEV(.)| J. Mevius,J./Lelivelt,F.G.: De Nederlandse bankbiljetten van 1814 tot heden (1981).
;NL|MGN| Dynasty \ Megen
;NL;BE|NAM| City \ Region \ Namur \ Namen | !PK! (BE-NMR)
;NL|NAS| Dynasty \ Nassau-Oranien
;NL;BE|NB=NB(T)| Region \ (Dutch-,Noord-) Brabant | (NL-NB,NL41)
;NL|NIJ| City \ Nijmegen \ Nimwegen | !PK! (TT500)
;NL;AT;BE|NLA| Region \ Austrian Netherlands (1714-94) | (BE+NL)
;NL;BE;ES|NLE| Region \ Spanish Netherlands (1556-1581) | (BE+NL)
;NL;BE;ES|NLS| Region \ Southern Spanish Netherlands (1581-1713) | (BE)
;NL|NLI| Region \ Limbourg \ Limburg | (NL-LI,NL42,BE-VFI,BE22)
;NL|NOH| Region \ Noord-Holland | (NL-NH,NL32)
;NL|ODW| Oudewater
;NL;ID|OVE| Region \ Overijssel \ Overyssel | (NL-OV,NL21,OIJ)
;NL;US|PHL| Mint \ Philadelphia (US)
;NL;ID|PLM| City \ Palembang | (ID)
;NL;ID|PNK| City \ Pontianak | (ID)
;NL;ID|PTK| Dynasty \ Pontianak Sultanate \ Kesultanan Pontianak | (ID-PT)
;NL|PW(.)| Purmer,D./Wiel,van der H.J.: Handboek van de Nederlandse Provinciale Muntslag (1573-1806)
;NL;BE;DE;FR;ID|PK(.)| Pannekeet: {different books about netherlands coinage}
;NL;BE|REC| City \ Reckheim \ Rekem | !PK! (BE-REM)
;NL|ROE| City \ Roermond \ Rurae Munda | !PK! (NL-OMD)
;NL|RTM| City \ Rotterdam | (TT680)
;NL;BQ|SAB| Island \ Saba | (BQ)
;NL|SBV(.)| Schweizerischer Bankverein: Auktion 31 - Niederländische Rechenpfennige .. , Basel, 1992.
;NL|SCH(.)| Schulman,J.: Handboek der Nederlandse munten van (1795-1965), 1966.
;NL|SER(.)| Serrure,C.A.: Histoire de la souveraineté de 's-Heerenberg, La Haye/Paris, 1860.
;NL;US|SFO| City \ San Francisco (US)
;NL|SHH| City \ Schoonhoven
;NL|SHL(.)| Literature \ Scholten,C: The coins of the dutch overseas territoires (1601-1948), Amsterdam, 1953.
;NL;ID|SLT| Region \ Island of Sultana | (ID-SL)
;NL|SNK| City \ Sneek
;NL;ID|SSI| City \ Dynasty \ (Sultanate of Kesultanan) Siak Sri Indrapura | (ID)
;NL;BE|STA| City \ Stavelot \ Stablo | !PK! (BE-SLT)
;NL;ID|STB| Region \ Menangkabau \ Sumatera Barat | (ID-SB)
;NL|STE| City \ Stevensweert \ 's-Heerenberg | !PK! (NL-SVW)
;NL;ID|SUB| City \ Surabaya, Java \ Tanjung Perak | (ID)
;NL;ID|SUL| Region \ Celebes \ Sulawesi (Tengah) | (ID-ST)
;NL;ID|SUM| Region \ Sumatra \ Sumatera | (ID-SU)
;NL|JL0| Person \ Queen Juliana (1948-80)
;NL;SR|SUR| Region \ Suriname (1667-1975) | !PK! (SR)
;NL;SX|SXM| Island \ Sint Maarten | (SX)
;NL|THO| Abby \ Thor(e)n | !PK! (NL-THN)
;NL|TIE| Mint \ Tiel
;NL;DE|TJ(.)| Toele/Jacobi: Het Notgeld van Nederland (1940-45), Leiden, 1996.
;NL|TP(.)| T. Passon e.a.: De stedelijke munt van Nijmegen (1457-1704), Nijmegen, 1980.
;NL;ID|TRU| Region \ Trumon, Aceh Selatan | (ID-TR)
;NL|UTP| Region \ Utrecht Provincie | (NL-UT,NL31,UTR)
;NL;ID|UTR| City \ Utrecht Stad | !PK! (NL-UTC)
;NL|V(.)| Verkade,P.:| ... munten geslagen .. zeven voormalig vereenigde Nederlandsche provinciën. Schiedam, (1848).
;NL;DE|VAN| City \ Vianen | (NL)
;NL|vCh(.)=v(d)Ch(.)| van der Chijs,P.O./e.a.: munten .. GEL .. HOL .. ZEE .. UTR .. OVE
;NL|VDB| Dynasty \ De heren van den Bergh
;NL|vdW(.)| H.J. van der Wiel,H.J.: De munten van Elburg, Beeldenaar, november 1979.
;NL|vGH| => GH
;NL|VY(.)| Verkooyen: nederlandse noodgeld van de eerste wereldoorlog, Maastricht, 1994.
;NL;BE|VLA| Region \ Flanders \ Vlaanderen \ Brugge | !PK! (BE)
;NL;ID|VOC| Company \ Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (1602-1800) | !PK!
;NL|WA0| Person \ King Willem-Alexander (2013-)
;NL|WEE| City \ Weert | !PK! (NL-WRT)
;NL;ID|WES| Region \ West Friesland | !PK! (NL)
;NL|WIC| Company \ West-Indische Compagnie
;NL;LU|WM?| Person \ King Wilhelm (1:1815-40;2:1840-49;3:1849-90)
;NL|WN?| Person \ Queen Wilhelmina (1:1890-1948)
;NL|WOR| City \ Woerden
;NL|ZAL| City \ Zaltbommel | !PK! (NL-ZLB)
;NL;ID|ZEE| Region \ Zeeland | !PK! (NL-ZE,NL34,ZEL)
;NL|ZIE| City \ Zierikzee
;NL|ZUH| Region \ Zuid-Holland | (NL-ZH,NL32)
;NL|ZUT| City \ Zutphen | !PK!
;NL|ZWO| City \ Zwolle | !PK!

- NO : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;NO|AES| City \ Ålesund \ Alesund | (TT030)
;NO|ARE| City \ Arendal | (TT060)
;NO|BGO| City \ Bergen | (TT100)
;NO;SE|C??(?)| Person \ King Carl (13:1809-18;14J:1818-44;15A:1859-72)
;NO;DK;SE|CR?| Person \ King Christian (1:1448-81;2:1513-23)
;NO;DK|CR?| Person \ King Christian (3:1534-59;4:1588-1648;5:1670-99)
;NO;DK;VI|CR?| Person \ King Christian (6:1730-46;7:1766-1808)
;NO|CRF| Person \ King Christian Frederick (1814)
;NO;DK;SE|CT?| Person \ Christoph (3:1439-48)
;NO|DRM| City \ Drammen | (TT240)
;NO|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Norway.
;NO|ER??| Person \ King Eric (1H:929-934;2M:1273-1299)
;NO;DK;FI;SE|ER?| Person \ King Erik (7:1412-39,2:for FI+SE)
;NO|EY??| Person \ King Evystein (1M:1103-1123)
;NO;DK|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (1:1523-33;2:1559-88;3:1648-70;4:1699-1730)
;NO;DK;VI|FR?| Person \ King Frederik (5:1746-66;6:1808-39,NO:-1814)
;NO|FRK| City \ Fredrikstad | (TT320)
;NO;DE|GNG=G.NG| Norwegen (dt. Besetzung)
;NO|GUS| Person \ King Guttorm Sigurdsson (1204)
;NO|HAU| City \ Haugesund | (TT400)
;NO;DK|Hd(.)| Hede,H.: Danmarks og Norges Mónter (1541-1814), Hellerup, 1978.
;NO|HK??| Person \ King Haakon (1H:934-960;2M:1093-94;2S:1157-62;3S:1202-04;4H:1217-63)
;NO|HK?(?)| Person \ King Haakon (5H:1240-57;5M:1299-1319;6M:1343-80;7:1905-57)
;NO|HL?(?)| Person \ King Harald (1H:872-932;2E:961-970;3S:1046-1066;4M:1130-1136;5:1991-)
;NO|IG??| Person \ King Inge (1H:1136-1161;2B:1204-1217)
;NO;DK;SE|JH?| Person \ King Johann (1:1481-1513,2:for SE)
;NO|KJL| Village \ Kjellstad (Lier) | (TT435)
;NO|KSU| City \ Kristiansund \ Christiansund | (TT180)
;NO|LVG| City \ Laksevåg \ Laksevag (Bergen) | (TT500)
;NO;DK;FI;SE|MG?| Person \ Queen Margarethe (1:1387-1412)
;NO|MU??| Person \ King Magnus (1O:1035-47;2H:1066-69;3O:1093-1103;4S:1130-35;5H:1142-45;5E:1161-84;6H:1257-80)
;NO;DK|OL??| Person \ King Olaf (2H:1376-87;4H:for NO 1380-87)
;NO|OL?(?)| Person \ King Olaf (1T:995-1000;2H:1015-1028;3H:1067-1093;4M:1103-1115;5:1957-1991)
;NO;SE|OS?| Person \ King Oscar (1:1844-59;2:1872-1907,NO:-1905)
;NO|OSL| City \ Oslo \ Kristiania \ Christiania | (TT600)
;NO|POR| City \ Porsgrunn | (TT640)
;NO|SAD| City \ Sandefjord | (TT680)
;NO|SD??| Person \ King Sigurd (1M:1103-1130;2H:1136-1155)
;NO;DE;DK;FI;FO;GL;IS;SE|Sg(.)| Sieg's Coin Catalog - NORDEN (The Nordic countries).
;NO|SPO| Area \ Skarpsno (Oslo) | (TT720)
;NO|SVG| City \ Stavanger | (TT730)
;NO|SVS| Person \ King Sverre Sigurdsson (1184-1202)
;NO;DE|TRD| City \ Trondheim \ Drontheim | (NO,TT750)

- PL : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;PL;DE|AWS| Quarter \ (Waldenburg-)Altwasser \ (Walbrzych-)Stary Zdroj | (PL)
;PL;DE|BRG| City \ Brieg (Schlesien) \ Brzeg (Silesia) | (PL)
;PL;DE|BYO| City \ Bütow \ Bytow \ Bytów | (PL)
;PL;DE|BYT| City \ Beuthen \ Bytom | (PL)
;PL;DE|BZG| City \ Bromberg \ Bydgoszcz | (PL,TT170)
;PL;AT;CZ;DE|CIN| Cesky Tesín \ Cieszyn \ Teschen | (CZ-TEA+PL-CZY,TT800)
;PL;DE|CNG(.)| Suchanek/Dutkowski: Corpus Nummorum Gedansis.
;PL;DE|CJO| City \ Haynau \ Chojnow | (PL)
;PL;DE|CUS| City \ Custrin \ Cüstrin \ Kustrin \ (Brandenburg-)Küstrin(-Kietz) \ Kostrzyn nad Odra | (PL-KZY,TT250)
;PL;DE|CZH| Quarter \ Chorzow-Bismarckhütte \ Chorzow-Hajduki | (PL)
;PL;DE|DBI| Quarter \ (Stettin-)Altdamm \ Szczecin-Dabie | (PL)
;PL;DE|DLZ| City \ Drezdenko \ Driesen | (PL)
;PL;DE|DZG| City \ Danzig \ Gdansk | (PL-GDN,TT260)
;PL;DE|DZO| Quarter \ Gdansk-Przeróbka \ Danzig-Troyl | (PL)
;PL;RU|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Russia and Poland, 1962.
;PL;DE|ELB| City \ Elbing \ Elblag | (PL)
;PL;DE|FA(.)| Frenzel,Max: Notmünzen der amtlichen Kriegsgefangenenlager .. (1914-18), Augsburg, 1995.
;PL;AT;CZ;DE;HU|FF(.)| Frenzel,U./Fritz,G.: Marken .. & Notmünzen Verkehrsunternehmen, Hamburg, 1978.
;PL;DE|FI(.)| Frenzel,Max: Notmünzen der .. Kriegsgefangenenlager (der) .. Industrie .., siehe -> FA.
;PL;DE|FFO| City \ Frankfurt (Oder) \ East -> PL-Slubice | (DE+PL,TT335)
;PL;DE|FS(.)=F(r.)(u./)S(.)| Friedensburg,Ferdinand/Seger,Hans: Schlesiens Münzen .. neuerer Zeit, Brelau, 1901/1976.
;PL;AT;UA|GAI| Region \ Galizien \ Galicia \ Halychyna | (PL+UA)
;PL;DE|GAZ| City \ Graudenz \ Grudziadz | (PL-GRU,TT358)
;PL;DE|GLG| City \ Glogau \ Glogow | (PL)
;PL;DE|GNZ| City \ Gnesen \ Gniezno | (PL)
;PL;DE;LT|Gum(.)| Gumowski,Marian: Handbuch der polnischen Numismatik, Graz 1960.
;PL;DE|INO| City \ Hohensalza \ Inowroclaw | (PL,TT425)
;PL;DE|JM(.)=J(./)M(.)| Jaschke,Norbert/Maercker,Fritz P.: Schlesische Münzen & Medaillen, Ihringen, 1985.
;PL;DE|KAO| City \ Cammin \ Kamien Pomorski | (PL)
;PL;DE|KBZ| City \ Kolberg \ Kolobrzeg | (PL-KOL)
;PL;DE|KEK| City \ Cosel \ (Kedzierzyn-)Kozle | (PL)
;PL;AT;DE|KLO| City \ Glatz \ Klodzko | (PL)
;PL;DE|KOD| City \ Krossen \ Crossen \ Krosno Odrzanskie | (PL)
;PL;DE|KOZ| City \ Kosel \ Wroclaw-Kozanow | (PL)
;PL;DE|KPP| City \ Kempen (Posen) \ Kepno (Poznan) | (PL-KEP)
;PL;AT|KRK| City \ Krakau \ Krakow | (PL)
;PL;DE|KZA| City \ Köselin \ Koszalin | (PL,TT470)
;PL;DE|LAO| Village \ Lambinowice \ Lamsdorf | (PL)
;PL;DE|LAU=L.AU| Lager-\Gettogeld Auschwitz | (PL-Oswiecim)
;PL;DE|LBI=L.BI| Lager-\Gettogeld Bielsk | (PL/BL)
;PL;DE|LBN| City \ Luban (Slaski) \ Lauban | (PL)
;PL;DE|LEA| City \ Leba | (PL)
;PL;DE|LEB| City \ Lebork \ Lauenburg | (PL)
;PL;DE|LEG| City \ Liegnitz \ Legnica | (PL,TT485)
;PL;DE|LGB| Region \ Liegnitz-Brieg (Schlesien) \ Legnica-Brzeg (Silesia) | (PL)
;PL;DE|LLI=L.LI| Lager-\Gettogeld Litzmannstadt | (PL)
;PL;DE|LOZ| City \ Lobsens \ Lobzenica | (PL)
;PL;DE|LSO=L.SO| Lager-\Gettogeld Sokolka | (PL/BL)
;PL;DE|LST=L.ST| Lager-\Gettogeld Stutthof | (PL)
;PL;DE|LWA=L.WA| Lager-\Gettogeld Warschau | (PL)
;PL;DE|LWB| City \ Löwenberg \ Lwowek Slaski | (PL)
;PL;DE|Mbg(.)=Bahrf.| Bahrfeldt,E.: Münzen- und Medaillensammlung in der Marienburg, Danzig/Königsberg, 1901-1929.
;PL;DE|Msl| Mittelschlesien \ Middle Silesia (Breslau)
;PL;DE|MSO| City \ Münsterberg-Oels \ Ziebice-Olesnica | (PL-OLE)
;PL;DE|Nsl| Niederschlesien \ Lower Silesia (Liegnitz)
;PL;DE|NYS| City \ Nysa \ Neisse | (PL)
;PL;DE|OLB| City \ Drossen \ Osno Lubuskie | (PL)
;PL;DE|OLS| City \ Allenstein \ Olsztyn | (PL,TT035)
;PL;DE|OPO| City \ Oppeln \ Opole | (PL)
;PL;DE|ORO| Region \ Oppeln & Ratibor \ Opole & Raciborz | (PL-OPO+RCZ)
;PL;DE|Osl| Oberschlesien \ Upper Silesia (Oppeln) | !GR!
;PL;DE|OWA| City \ Owinsk \ Owinska | (PL)
;PL;DE|OWI| Quarter \ Ruda-Bielszowice \ Ruda-Bielschowitz | (PL)
;PL;DE|PIB| Quarter \ Piekary Slaskie-Brzeziny \ Piekar-Birkenhain | (PL)
;PL;DE|PIG| City \ Gnadenfrei \ Pilawa Gorna | (PL)
;PL;DE|PIL| City \ Pila \ Schneidemühl | (PL)
;PL;DE|Pom| Region \ Pommern \ Pomerania | !GR! (PL)
;PL;DE|Pos| City \ Region \ Posen \ Poznan | !GR! (PL-POZ)
;PL;DE|RCZ| City \ Ratibor \ Raciborz | (PL)
;PL;DE|RGW| City \ Region \ Rügenwalde \ Resko+Darlowo | (PL-RES+DAR)
;PL;DE|RYD| City \ Rydzyna \ Reisen | (PL)
;PL;DE;SE|SJ(.)=(v.)S(.-)J(.)| Saurma-Jeltsch,Hugo F.v.: Sammlung DE, SE, PL Gepräge (Groschen-Kipper), Berlin, 1892.
;PL;DE|SJS(.)=S(.-)J(./)S(ch.)| Saurma-Jeltsch,Hugo F. von: Schlesische Münzen & Medaillen, Breslau, 1883.
;PL;DE|SKZ| City \ Skalmierzyce \ Skalmierschütz | (PL)
;PL;DE|Sle| Region \ Silesia \ Schlesien \ Slask | !GR! (PL)
;PL;DE|SLZ| City \ (Stettin-)Stolzenhagen \ Szczecin-Stolcyzn | (PL)
;PL|SM?| Person \ King Sig(is)mund \ Zygmunt (1:1506-1548;2:1548-1572;3:1587-1632)
;PL;DE|SPR(.)| Schoenawa: 7 - Das Papiernotgeld Ost- und Westpreussen, Posen, Danzig u. Memelgebiet
;PL;DE|SRA| City \ Szprotawa \ Sprottau | (PL)
;PL;DE|SRG| City \ Striegau \ Strzegom | (PL-SGM)
;PL;DE|STS| City \ Stargard (Szczecinski) | (PL)
;PL;DE|SWN| City \ Schweidnitz \ Swidnica | (PL)
;PL;DE|SWO| Dynasty \ Schlesien-Württemberg-Oels | (PL)
;PL;DE|SZZ| City \ (Pomerania-)Stettin \ Szczecin | (PL,TT848)
;PL;DE|TOR| City \ Thorn \ Torun | (PL,TT860)
;PL;DE|TUC| Tuchel \ Tuchola | (PL)
;PL;DE|WOI| City \ Wohlau \ Wolow | (PL)
;PL;DE|WRO| City \ Breslau \ Wroclaw | (PL,TT160)
;PL;DE|WSC| City \ Fraustadt \ Wschowa | (PL)
;PL;DE|ZAG| City \ Zagan \ Sagan | (PL)
;PL|ZAM|City \ Zamosc
;PL;DE|ZGR| Görlitz \ Zgorzelec | (DE-GOR+PL-ZGC,TT350)
;PL;DE|ZIE| City \ Münsterberg \ Ziebice | (PL)
;PL;DE|ZRY| City \ Sorau \ Zary | (PL)
;PL;DE|ZTO| City \ Goldberg i. Schl. \ Zlotoryja | (PL)

- PT : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;PT|AO?| Person \ King Alphonso [Alfonso] (1:1139-85;2:1211-23;3:48-79;4:1325-57;5:1438-77-81;6:1656-83)
;PT|AT0| Person \ King Anthony [António] (1580-1583)
;PT;IT|AVT| City \ Alvito | (PT)
;PT|AZR| Region \ Azoren
;PT;IN|BCI| City \ Region \ Bacaim \ Bassein (1611-1780) | (INP,-MH)
;PT;IN|CEB| City \ Region \ Korlai \ Chaul (1521-1740) e Bacaim | (INP,-MH)
;PT|CL?| Person \ King Charles [Carlos] (1:1889-1908)
;PT;GB;IN;NL|COK| City \ Region \ Cochin (12th-1503-1947) | (IN)
;PT;IN|DAM| City \ Region \ Damao \ Daman (1523-1961) | (INP,-DD)
;PT;IN|DIU| City \ Region \ Diu (1535-1961) | (INP,-DD)
;PT|DN?| Person \ King Denis [Dinis] (1:1279-1325)
;PT|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Portugal, 1962.
;PT|EW?| Person \ King Edward [Duarte] (1:1433-1438)
;PT|FD?| Person \ King Ferdinand [Fernando] (1:1367-83;2:1837-53)
;PT;IN|GOA| City \ Region \ Goa \ Gôa (Portuguese) | (INP,-GA)
;PT|Gom(.)| Alberto Gomes: Moedas Portuguesas, 2003.
;PT|HR?| Person \ King Heny [Henrique] (2:1578-1580)
;PT;IN|INP| Authority \ Portugese India \ Índia Portuguesa \ Estado da Índia (1503-1961)
;PT|IP?| Person \ King Philip [Filipe] (1:1581-1598;2:1598-1621;3:1621-1640)
;PT|JH?| King Johann [João] (1:1385-1433;2:77,81-95;3:1521-57;4:1640-56;5:1706-50;6:1816-26)
;PT|JO?| Person \ King Joseph [José] (1:1750-1777)
;PT|LI?| Person \ King Louis [Luís] (1:1861-1889)
;PT|LIS| City \ Lissabon \ Lisboa | (TT490)
;PT|MDI| Region \ Madeira
;PT|ML?| Person \ King Michael [Miguel] (1:1828-1834)
;PT|MN?| Person \ King Emmanuel [Manuel] (1:1495-1521;2:1908-1910)
;PT|MY?| Person \ Queen Mary [Maria] (1:1777-1816;2:1826-28,34-53)
;PT|OPO| City \ Oporto \ Porto | (TT600)
;PT|PR?| Person \ King Peter [Pedro] (1:1357-67;2:1683-1706;3:77-86;4:1826;5:1853-61)
;PT|REP| Period \ Republic (1910-)
;PT|SB0| Person \ King Sebastian [Sebastião] (1557-1578)
;PT|SC?| Person \ King Sancho (1:1185-1211;2:1223-1247)
;PT|TVR| City \ Tavira | (TT700)

- RO : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;RO;DE|BUH| City \ Bucuresti \ Bucharest \ Bukarest | (RO)
;RO|CL?| Person \ King Carol (1:1881û1914;2:1930û1940)
;RO|FD?| Person \ King Ferdinand (1:1914û1927)
;RO;CZ;AT;HU|FL(.)| Frenzel: Notmünzen .. der AT und HU .. Kriegsgefangenenlager .. (1914-18), 1995.
;RO;DE|GRO=G.RO| Rumänien (dt. Besetzung)
;RO|ML??| Person \ King Michael (1A:1927û1930;1B:1940-1947)
;RO;AT;HU|TRN| Region \ Siebenbürgen \ Transilvania \ Ardeal \ Erdély | (RO/HU)
;RO;AT;HU|KYZ| Region \ Brodfeld \ Brotfeld \ Câmpul Pâinii \ Kenyérmezö | (RO)

- RS : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;RS|AX?| Person \ King Alexander (1:1921û1934)
;RS|PR?| Person \ King Peter (1:1918û1921;2:1934û1945)
;RS|SEN| City \ Region \ Senta | (TT800)
;RS|ZRN| City \ Region \ Zrenjanin | (TT895)

- RU : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;RU;FI|AX?| Person \ King Alexander [Aleksanteri] (1:1809-25;2:1855-81;3:1881-94)
;RU|CEK| City \ Region \ Chelyabinsk | (TT160)
;RU|CHV| City \ Region \ Chapayevsk | (TT150)
;RU;PL|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins of Russia and Poland, 1962.
;RU|EVK| City \ Region \ Yegoryevsk | (TT900)
;RU|GOJ| City \ Region \ Gorky \ Nizhniy Novgorod | (TT460)
;RU;DE|GRU=G.RU| Russland (dt. Besetzung)
;RU;DE|KGD| City \ Königsberg (Preussen) \ Kaliningrad | (RU,TT465)
;RU|KGN| City \ Region \ Kurgan | (KRO,TT350)
;RU;BY;DE;EE;LT;LV|KR(.)| Kulo,Ants/Rudich,Juri: German Occupation in WW2 of Baltic States, Tallinn, 1999.
;RU|KUF| City \ Samara \ Kuibyshev | (TT630)
;RU|KZN| City \ Kazan \ Qazan | (TT300)
;RU|LED| City \ Leningrad \ Sankt-Petersburg \ Petrograd | (TT320,TT680)
;RU|MOW| City \ Moskau \ Moscow \ Moskva | (TT400)
;RU;FI|NI?| Person \ King Nicholas [Nikolai] (1:1825-55;2:1894-1917)
;RU|OCT| City \ Oktyabrsk | (TT620)
;RU|OVB| City \ Novosibirsk | (TT600)
;RU;DE|SSK| City \ Tilsit \ Tillset \ Sovetsk(as) \ Sow(j)etsk | (RU,TT830,TT865)
;RU|SYZ| City \ Syzran | (TT690)
;RU;FI|VYG| City \ Vyborg \ Viipuri \ Wiburg \ Wiborg | (RU,TT880)
;RU|YEK| City \ [Y]Ekaterinburg \ Sverdlovsk (1924-91) | (TT200)
;RU|ZHG| City \ Zhigulyovsk \ Zhigulevsk | (TT950)

- SE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;SE|ADL| Quarter \ Arendal, Göteborg | (TT105)
;SE|ADR| Locality \ Andrarums | (TT095)
;SE|AEL| Region \ Älvsborg län (1634-1998) | (SE-P,SE-15 -> VGA)
;SE|AF0| Person \ King Adolf Frederick (1751-71)
;SE|ALI| City \ Alingsås \ Alingsas | (TT080)
;SE|AME| Locality \ Åmmeberg | (TT090)
;SE|ARA| City \ Arboga | (TT100)
;SE|ATV| City \ Åtvidabergs \ Atvidabergs | (TT110)
;SE|AVE| City \ Avesta | (TT120)
;SE;FI|BE?| Person \ King Benedict (1:1284-91,Bengt Birgerinpoika;2:1353-56,Pentti Algotinpoika)
;SE;FI|BI0| Person \ King Birger (1291-1302,Maununpoika)
;SE|BLK| Region \ Blekinge län (1683-) | (SE-K,SE-10)
;SE|C??(?)| Person \ King Carl (10G:1654-60;11:1660-97;12:1697-1718,16G:1973-)
;SE;NO|C??(?)| Person \ King Carl (13:1809-18;14J:1818-44;15A:1859-72)
;SE|CL?| Person \ King Carl (9:1604-1611)
;SE|CN0| Person \ Queen Christina (1632-54)
;SE;DK;NO|CR?| Person \ King Christian (1:1448-81;2:1513-23)
;SE;DK;NO|CT?| Person \ Christoph (3:1439-48)
;SE|DLR| Region \ Dalarnas län (1997-) | (SE-W,SE-20)
;SE|DRJ| Locality \ Dormsjö \ Dormsjo | (TT170)
;SE|E??| Person \ King Erik (14:1560-68)
;SE|Ek(l.)| O.P. Eklund: Copper Coins Of Sweden. Coinage of Swedish Plate Money.
;SE|EKM| City \ Region \ Ekensholm \ Ekersholms | (TT175)
;SE|EKT| City \ Eskilstuna | (TT180)
;SE;FI|ER?| Person \ King Erik (1:1357-59)
;SE;DK;FI;NO|ER?| Person \ King Erik (2:1412-39,7:for DK+NO)
;SE|FAN| City \ Falun | (TT190)
;SE|FR?| Person \ King Frederick (1:1720-51)
;SE|GAE| City \ Gävle \ Gefle | (GVX,TT220)
;SE|GAM| City \ Gamleby | (TT210)
;SE|GGE| City \ Grangärde \ Grangarde | (TT260)
;SE|GOT| City \ Göteborg \ Goteborg \ Gothenburg | (TT240)
;SE|GT?(?)| Person \ King Gustav (1:1523-60;2A:1611-32;3:1771-92;4A:1792-1809;5:1907-50;6A:1950-73)
;SE|GTB| Region \ Göteborgs & Bohus län (1680-1998) | ( -> VGA)
;SE|GTL| Region \ Gotlands län (1678-) | (GOT,SE-I,SE-09)
;SE|GVL| Region \ Gävleborgs län (1762-) | (SE-X,SE-21)
;SE|HAD| City \ Halmstad | (TT280)
;SE|HAL| Region \ Hallands län (1719-) | (SE-N,SE-13)
;SE|HEL| City \ Helsingborg \ Hälsingborg | (TT300)
;SE|HIS| Island \ Hisingen | (TT320)
;SE|HND| City \ Hernosänd \ Härnosänd \ Harnosand | (TT310)
;SE;FI|IE0| Person \ Ingeborg Eriksdottir of Norway (1319-53,widow of VD2)
;SE;DK;NO|JH?| Person \ King Johann (1:1481-1513,2:for SE)
;SE|JH?| Person \ King Johann (3:1568-92)
;SE|JKG| City \ Jönköping \ Jonkoping | (TT360)
;SE|JMT| Region \ Jämtlands län (1810-) | (SE-Z,SE-23)
;SE|JNK| Region \ Jönköpings län (1687-) | (SE-F,SE-06)
;SE|KAA| City \ Karlskrona \ Carlskrona | (TT400)
;SE|KHN| City \ Kristinehamn \ Christinehamn | (TT160)
;SE|KID| City \ Kristianstad | (TT440)
;SE|KLM| Region \ Kalmar län (1634-) | (SE-H,SE-08)
;SE|KLR| City \ Kalmar
;SE|KPO| City \ Kopparberg
;SE|KPR| Region \ Kopparberg län (1647-1997) | (-> DLR)
;SE|KRN| Region \ Kronobergs län (1674-) | (SE-G,SE-07)
;SE|KSD| City \ Karlstad | (TT405)
;SE|KST| Region \ Kristianstad län (1719-1997) | (SE-L,SE-11 -> SNE)
;SE|KUV| City \ Kungälv \ Kongelf \ Kongaly | (TT420)
;SE|LAA| City \ Landskrona | (TT450)
;SE|LAG| Quarter \ Långedrag | (TT455)
;SE|LPI| City \ Linköping | (TT470)
;SE|LUD| City \ Lund | (TT490)
;SE;DK;FI;NO|MG?| Person \ Queen Margarethe (1:1387-1412)
;SE|MLM| Region \ Malmöhus län (1661-1997) | (-> SNE)
;SE|MMA| City \ Malmö | (TT500)
;SE|MND| Ciy \ Mölndals \ Molndal | (TT525)
;SE|MOT| City \ Motala | (TT530)
;SE|MSD| City \ Marstrand | (TT510)
;SE;FI|MU?| Person \ King Magnus [Maunu] (1:1275-84,Ladonlukko;2:1359-64)
;SE|NBY| City \ Näsby (Arboga) | (TT590)
;SE|NKE| Area \ Närke
;SE|NKV| Region \ Närkes & Värmlands län (1634-1779) | (-> NKE+VRM)
;SE|NRB| Region \ Norrbottens län (1810-) | (SE-BD,SE-25)
;SE|NRK| City \ Norrköping | (TT600)
;SE|NYL| City \ Nyland (Kramsfors) | (TT620)
;SE|OEG| Region \ Östergötlands län (1634-) | (SE-E,SE-05)
;SE|OER| Region \ Örebro län (1779-) | (SE-T,SE-18)
;SE|ORB| City \ Örebro \ Orebro | (TT630)
;SE;NO|OS?| Person \ King Oscar (1:1844-59;2:1872-1907,NO:-1905)
;SE|OSK| City \ Oskarshamn | (TT635)
;SE|PIT| City \ Piteå \ Pitea | (TT640)
;SE|RNB| City \ Ronneby | (TT700)
;SE|SDL| City \ Sundsvall | (TT830)
;SE|SDR| Region \ Södermanlands län (1634-) | (SE-D,SE-04)
;SE|SFT| City \ Skellefteå | (TT780)
;SE;DE;PL|SJ(.)=(v.)S(.-)J(.)| Saurma-Jeltsch,Hugo F.v.: Sammlung DE, SE, PL Gepräge (Groschen-Kipper), Berlin, 1892.
;SE;DE;DK;FI;FO;GL;IS;NO|Sg(.)| Sieg's Coin Catalog - NORDEN (The Nordic countries).
;SE|SKR| Region \ Skaraborg län (1634-1998) | (SE-R,SE-16 -> VGA)
;SE|SM0| Person \ King Sig(is)mund (1592-99)
;SE|SNE| Region \ Skåne län (1997-) | (KST+MLM,SE-M,SE-12)
;SE|SOF| Locality \ Sorfor \ (Matfors-)Söfors (Sundsvall) | (TT810)
;SE|SOO| City \ Söderhamn | (TT800)
;SE|STL| Region \ Stockholms län (1714-) | (SE-AB,SE-01)
;SE|STO| City \ Stockholm | (STK,TT820)
;SE|THN| City \ Trollhättan \ Trolhattan | (TT840)
;SE;FI|TKU| City \ Turku \ Åbo | (FI,TT010)
;SE;FI|TMP| City \ Tampere \ Tammersfors | (FI,TT720)
;SE|TYL| Locality \ Tysslinge (Örebro) | (TT845)
;SE|UDD| City \ Uddevalla | (TT850)
;SE|UE0| Person \ Queen Ulrika Eleanora (1719-20)
;SE|UME| City \ Umeå \ Umea | (TT860)
;SE|UPP| City \ Uppsala \ Upsala | (TT870)
;SE|UPS| Region \ Uppsala län (1634-) | (SE-C,SE-03,UPP)
;SE|VBT| Region \ Västerbottens län (1638-) | (SE-AC,SE-24)
;SE;FI|VD?| Person \ King Valdemar (1:1250-75,Birgerinpoika;2:1302-19,Maununpoika)
;SE|VGA| Region \ Västra Götalands län (1998-) | (AEL+GTB+SKR,SE-O,SE-14)
;SE|VMN| Region \ Västmanlands län (1634-) | (SE-U,SE-19)
;SE|VNR| Region \ Västernorrlands län (1762-) | (SE-Y,SE-22)
;SE|VRM| Region \ Värmlands län (1779-) | (SE-S,SE-17)
;SE|VST| City \ Västerås \ Vasteras | (TT875)
;SE|VXH| City \ Vaxholm | (TT880)

- SI : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;SI;DE|GSL=G.SL| Slowenien (dt. Besetzung)
;SI;AT|KRA| Region \ Krain \ Carniola | (SI)
;SI;AT|LJU| City \ Laibach \ Ljubljana | (SI,TT400)
;SI;AT|MRB| City \ Marburg \ Maribor | (SI-MBX,TT430)

- SK : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;SK;HU|BTS| City \ Pozsony \ Bratislava \ Preßburg | (SK,TT120,TT600)
;SK;DE|GSK=G.SK| Slowakei (dt. Besetzung)
;EU|KRN| City \ Kremnitz \ Kremnica | (SK)

- UA : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;UA|DNK| City \ Region \ Dniepropetrovsk | (TT205)
;UA;AT;PL|GAI| Region \ Galizien \ Galicia \ Halychyna | (PL+UA)
;UA;DE|GUA=G.UA| Ukraine (dt. Besetzung)
;UA;DE|IEV| City \ Kiew \ Knib \ Kiev | (UA,TT450)
;UA|KHV| City \ Kharkiv \ Kharkov | (HRK,KIV,TT400)
;UA|KWG| City \ Krivoy Rog | (TT480)
;UA;DE|LVI| City \ Lemberg \ Lviv \ Lvov | (UA,TT500)
;UA|MPW| City \ Zhdanov \ Mariupol | (TT520)



© JenSoft Systems ℗ 2018-09-22 · 16:35 ->> Jens Weynans