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- WW : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;WW|#default#| ⇒ KM
;WW|CC!| colnect.com/en/coins
;WW|C(.)=C(r.)| William D. Craig: Coins of the World (1750-1850)
;WW|CR| ⇒ C
;WW|DLS(.)=D(av.)LS| Davenport,J.S.: Large Size Silver Coins of the World (1500-1900)
;WW|F1(.)| Friedberg: Gold Coins of the World (1st edition)
;WW|F8(.)| Friedberg: Gold Coins of the World (8th edition)
;WW|FR=Friedb.| ⇒ F1 or F8
;WW|KM(.)(*)| Krause & Mishler: ... Catalog of World Coins ... (1601-)
;WW|MB(.)| Mishler & Bruce: ... World Coins ... (-1600)
;WW|N(C)!| en.numista.com
;WW|P(.)| Pick,Albert: World Paper Money
;WW|PB(.)| Pick,Albert: Briefmarkengeld
;WW|Sch(.)| Schön,G.: Welt-Münzenkatalog ...
;WW|TT(.)| Smith,K.(+K)/AVA: Catalogue of world transportation tokens, 1967/1981/1990/2004.
;WW|UC!| en.ucoin.net
;WW|WPM(.)| Cuhaj,G.S.: World Paper Money
;WW|X!| Krause & Mishler: unusual coins
;WW|Y(.)?=Y(e.)?| Yeoman,R.S.: Current/Modern World Coins | and Krause/Mishler (>1901)
;WW|Z!| no catalog reference

- AE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AE|AJ| Region \ Ajman
;AE|AZ| Region \ Abu Dhabi
;AE|DU| Region \ Dubai
;AE|FU| Region \ Fudschaira
;AE|RK| Region \ Ra's al-Chaima
;AE|SH| Region \ Schardscha
;AE|UQ| Region \ Umm al-Qaiwain

- AF : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AF|AFD| Period \ Durrani Empire (1747-1823)
;AF|AFH| Period \ Hotak Empire (1709-1738)
;AF|D01| Person \ Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747-1772)
;AF|D02| Person \ Timur Shah Durrani (1772-1793)
;AF|D03| Person \ Zaman Shah Durrani (1793-1801)
;AF|D04(?)| Person \ Mahmud Shah Durrani (A:1801-1803;B:1809-1818)
;AF|D05(?)| Person \ Shuja Shah Durrani (A:1803-1809;B:1839-1842)
;AF|D06| Person \ Ali Shah Durrani (1818-1819)
;AF|D07| Person \ Ayub Shah Durrani (1819-1823)
;AF|E01(?)| Person \ Dost Mohammad Khan (A:1823-1839;B:1842-1863)
;AF|E02| Person \ Wazir Akbar Khan (1842-1845)
;AF|E03(?)| Person \ Sher Ali Khan (A:1863-1865;B:1868-1879)
;AF|E04| Person \ Mohammad Afzal Khan (1865-1867)
;AF|E05| Person \ Mohammad Azam Khan (1867-1868)
;AF|E06| Person \ Mohammad Ayub Khan (1879-1880)
;AF|E07| Person \ Abdur Rahman Khan (1880-1901)
;AF|E08| Person \ Habibullah Khan (1901-1919)
;AF|E09| Person \ Nasrullah Khan (1919)
;AF|E10(?)| Person \ Amanullah Khan (E:1919-1926;K:1926-1929)
;AF|EMR| Period \ Emirate of Afghanistan (1823-1926)
;AF|H01| Person \ Mirwais Hotak (1709-1715)
;AF|H02| Person \ Abdul Aziz Hotak (1715-1717)
;AF|H03| Person \ Mahmud Hotak (1717-1725)
;AF|H04| Person \ Ashraf Hotak (1725-1730)
;AF|H05| Person \ Hussain Hotak (1730-1738)
;AF|K02| Person \ King Inayatullah Khan (1929-1929)
;AF|K03| Person \ King Habibullah Kalakani (1929)
;AF|K04| Person \ King Mohammed Nadir Shah (1929-1933)
;AF|K05| Person \ King Mohammed Zahir Shah (1933-1973)
;AF|KGD| Period \ Kingdom of Afghanistan (1926-1973)

- AM : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AM|ER=ER(N)| City \ Region \ Yerevan | (EVN,TT900)

- AZ : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;AZ|BA=BA(K)| City \ Baki \ Baku | (TT050)

- BD : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BD;IN|JTR| Kingdom \ Jaintia(pur) (1500-1835) | (IIK,BD)

- BH : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BH|AWL| Municipality \ Awali | (TT080)

- BN : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BN|S01| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Shah \ Awang Alak Betatar (1368-1402)
;BN|S02| Person \ Sultan Ahmad \ Awang Pateh Berbai (1408-1425)
;BN|S03| Person \ Sultan Sharif Ali \ Sultan Barkat (1425-1432)
;BN|S04| Person \ Sultan Sulaiman (1432-1485)
;BN|S05| Person \ Sultan Bolkiah \ Nakhoda Ragam (1485-1524)
;BN|S06| Person \ Sultan Abdul Kahar (1524-1530)
;BN|S07| Person \ Sultan Saiful Rijal (1533-1581)
;BN|S08| Person \ Sultan Shah Berunai (1581-1582)
;BN|S09| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Hassan (1582-1598)
;BN|S10| Person \ Sultan Abdul Jalilul Akbar (1598-1659)
;BN|S11| Person \ Sultan Abdul Jalilul Jabbar (1659-1660)
;BN|S12| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Ali (1660-1661)
;BN|S13| Person \ Sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin (1660-1673)
;BN|S14| Person \ Sultan Muhyiddin (1673-1690)
;BN|S15| Person \ Sultan Nasruddin (1690-1710)
;BN|S16| Person \ Sultan Hussin Kamaluddin (1710-1730)
;BN|S17| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Alauddin (1730-1737)
;BN|S18| Person \ Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin I (1740-1778)
;BN|S19| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin (1778-1807)
;BN|S20| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam I (1804)
;BN|S21| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam (1807-1826)
;BN|S22| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Alam \ Raja Api (1826-1828)
;BN|S23| Person \ Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II (1828-1852)
;BN|S24| Person \ Sultan Abdul Momin (1852-1885)
;BN|S25| Person \ Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin (1885-1906)
;BN|S26| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II (1906-1924)
;BN|S27| Person \ Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin (1924-1950)
;BN|S28| Person \ Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1950-1967)
;BN|S29| Person \ Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (1967-)

- BT : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;BT|WC1| Person \ Ugyen Wangchuck (1907-1926)
;BT|WC2| Person \ Jigme Wangchuck (1926-1952)
;BT|WC3| Person \ Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (1952-1972)
;BT|WC4| Person \ Jigme Singye Wangchuck (1972-2006)
;BT|WC5| Person \ Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (2006-)

- CN : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;CN|AH| Region \ Anhui \ Anhwei (34)
;CN|ALR| Period \ An Lushan Rebellion (755-763) - Tang Rebels
;CN|BJS| City \ Peking \ Beijing (11) |  (TT100,TT090,TT600)
;CN|CN1| Period \ Yǒngdìng \ Person \ Wǔ \ Chén Bàxiān (557-559)
;CN|CN2| Person \ Wén \ Chén Qiàn (559-566)
;CN|CN2A| Period \ Tiānjiā (560-566)
;CN|CN2B| Period \ Tiānkāng (566)
;CN|CN3| Period \ Guāngdà \ Person \ Fèi \ Chén Bózōng (566-568)
;CN|CN4| Period \ Tàijiàn \ Person \ Xuān \ Chén Xū (569-582)
;CN|CN5| Person \ Chén Shūbǎo (583-589)
;CN|CN5A| Period \ Zhìdé (583-586)
;CN|CN5B| Period \ Zhēnmíng (587-589)
;CN|CND| Period \ Chen dynasty (557-589) | (-> SUI)
;CN|EW1| Person \ Xiàojìng \ Yuán Shànjiàn (535-550)
;CN|EW1A| Period \ Tiānpíng (534-537)
;CN|EW1B| Period \ Yuánxiàng (538-539)
;CN|EW1C| Period \ Xìnghé (539-542)
;CN|EW1D| Period \ Wǔdìng (543-550)
;CN|EWD| Period \ Eastern Wei (534-550) | (-> QID)
;CN|FJ| Region \ Fujian \ Fukien (35)
;CN|FS1| Person \ Wang Jian (907-918)
;CN|FS1A| Period \ Tianfu (907)
;CN|FS1B| Period \ Wucheng (908-910)
;CN|FS1C| Period \ Yong Ping(911-915)
;CN|FS1D| Period \ Tong Zheng(916)
;CN|FS1E| Period \ Tian Han(917)
;CN|FS1F| Period \ Guang Tian(918)
;CN|FS2| Person \ Wang (Zong)Yan (918-925)
;CN|FS2A| Period \ Qian De (918-925)
;CN|FS2B| Period \ Xian Kang (925)
;CN|FSK| Period \ Former Shu Kingdom (907-925) \ Great Shu | (-> Later Tang)
;CN|GD| Region \ Canton \ Guangdong \ Kwangtung (44)
;CN|GGZ| City \ Canton City \ Guangzhou (GD) | (TT325,TT120)
;CN|GJZ| Period \ Yú mǐn \ Person \ Geng Jingzhong (1671-1676)
;CN|GS| Region \ Gansu \ Kansu (62)
;CN|GX| Region \ Guangxi (Zhuang) \ Kwangsi (Chuang) (45)
;CN|GZ| Region \ Guizhou \ Kweichow (52)
;CN|HB| Region \ Hebei \ Hopeh \ Hopei (13)
;CN|HE| Region \ Henan \ Honan (41)
;CN|HN| Region \ Hunan (43)
;CN;HK|HKG| Region \ State \ Hong Kong | (HK,TT400)
;CN|HL| Region \ Heilongjiang \ Heilungkiang (23)
;CN|HU| Region \ Hubei \ Hupeh (42)
;CN|J01| Person \ Emperor Taizu (of Jin) \ Aguda (1115-1123) \ Min
;CN|J01A| Period \ Shouguo (1115-1116)
;CN|J01B| Period \ Tianfu (1117-1123)
;CN|J02| Period \ Tianhui \ Person \ Emperor Taizong \ Wuqimai (1123-1135) \ Sheng
;CN|J03| Person \ Emperor Xi Zong \ Hela (1135-1149) \ Dan
;CN|J03A| Period \ Tianhui (1135-1138)
;CN|J03B| Period \ Tianjuan (1138-1141)
;CN|J03C| Period \ Huangtong (1141-1149)
;CN|J04| Person \ (Emperor) Wanyan Liang \ Digunai (1149-1161) \ King Hei Ling
;CN|J04A| Period \ Tiande (1149-1153)
;CN|J04B| Period \ Zhenyuan (1153-1156)
;CN|J04C| Period \ Zhenglong (1156-1161)
;CN|J05| Period \ Dading \ Person \ Emperor Shi Zong \ Wulu (1161-1189) \ Yong
;CN|J06| Person \ Emperor Zhang Zong \ Madage (1189-1208) \ Jing
;CN|J06A| Period \ Mingchang (1190-1196)
;CN|J06B| Period \ Cheng'an (1196-1200)
;CN|J06C| Period \ Taihe (1200-1208)
;CN|J07| Person \ (Emperor) Wanyan Yongji \ Xingsheng (1208-1213) \ King Wei Shao
;CN|J07A| Period \ Da'an (1209-1212)
;CN|J07B| Period \ Chongqing (1212-1213)
;CN|J07C| Period \ Zhining (1213)
;CN|J08| Person \ Emperor Xuan Zong \ Wudubu (1213-1224) \ Xun
;CN|J08A| Period \ Zhenyou (1213-1217)
;CN|J08B| Period \ Xingding (1217-1222)
;CN|J08C| Period \ Yuanguang (1222-1224)
;CN|J09| Person \ Emperor Aizong \ Ningjiasu (1224-1234) \ Shouxu
;CN|J09A| Period \ Zhengda (1224-1232)
;CN|J09B| Period \ Kaixing (1232)
;CN|J09C| Period \ Tianxing (1232-1234)
;CN|J10| Period \ Shengchang \ Person \ Emperor Mo \ Hudun (1234) \ Chenglin
;CN|JL| Region \ Jilin \  Kirin (22)
;CN|JND| Period \ Jin Dynasty & Depencies (1115-1234)
;CN|JNK| Period \ Jingnan Kingdom (924-963) \ Nanping | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|JQI| Period \ Fu Chang \ Person \ Emperor Liu Yu of Qi (1130-1137)
;CN|JS| Region \ Jiangsu \ Kiangsu (32)
;CN|JX| Region \ Jiangxi \ Kiangsi \ Kiangsee (36)
;CN;TW|KHH| City \ Region \ Kaohsiung | (TW,TT400)
;CN;DE|KIA| City \ Kiautschou \ Jiaozhou Bay | (CN)
;CN|KWL| City \ Guilin (Liangjiang) \ Guelin \ Kweilin (GX) | (TT350)
;CN|LH1| Period \ Tiānfú \ Person \ Emperor Gāozǔ \ Liu Zhiyuan (947-948)
;CN|LH2| Period \ Qiányòu \ Person \ Emperor Yǐn \ Liu Chengyou (948-951)
;CN|LHD| Period \ Later Han Dynasty (947-951) | (-> Later Zhou)
;CN|LI1| Person \ Emperor Tàizǔ \ Yēlǜ Abǎojī (916-926)
;CN|LI1A| Period \ Shéncè (916-922)
;CN|LI1B| Period \ Tiānzàn (922-926)
;CN|LI2| Person \ Emperor Tài Zōng \ Yēlǜ Déguāng (926-947)
;CN|LI2A| Period \ Tiānxiǎn (926-937)
;CN|LI2B| Period \ Huìtóng (937-947)
;CN|LI2C| Period \ Dàtóng (947)
;CN|LI3| Period \ Tiānlù \ Person \ Emperor Shì Zōng \ Yēlǜ Ruǎn (947-951)
;CN|LI4| Period \ Yìnglì \ Person \ Emperor Mù Zōng \ Yēlǜ Jǐng (951-969)
;CN|LI5| Person \ Emperor Jǐng Zōng \ Yēlǜ Xián (969-982)
;CN|LI5A| Period \ Bǎoníng (969-979)
;CN|LI5B| Period \ Qiánhēng (979-982)
;CN|LI6| Person \ Emperor Shèng Zōng \ Yēlǜ Lóngxù (982-1031)
;CN|LI6A| Period \ Qiánhēng (982)
;CN|LI6B| Period \ Tǒnghé (983-1012)
;CN|LI6C| Period \ Kāitài (1012-1021)
;CN|LI6D| Period \ Tàipíng (1021-1031)
;CN|LI7| Person \ Emperor Xīng Zōng \ Yēlǜ Zōngzhēn (1031-1055)
;CN|LI7A| Period \ Jǐngfú (1031-1032)
;CN|LI7B| Period \ Chóngxī (1032-1055)
;CN|LI8| Person \ Emperor Dào Zōng \ Yēlǜ Hóngjī (1055-1101)
;CN|LI8A| Period \ Qīngníng (1055-1064)
;CN|LI8B| Period \ Xiányōng (1065-1074)
;CN|LI8C| Period \ Tàikāng (1075-1084) \ Dàkāng
;CN|LI8D| Period \ Dà'ān (1085-1094)
;CN|LI8E| Period \ Shòuchāng (1095-1101) \ Shòulóng
;CN|LI9| Person \ Emperor Tiān Zuò \ Yēlǜ Yánxǐ (1101-1125)
;CN|LI9A| Period \ Qiántǒng (1101-1110)
;CN|LI9B| Period \ Tiānqìng (1111-1120)
;CN|LI9C| Period \ Bǎodà (1121-1125)
;CN|LID| Period \ Liao Dynasty (916-1125) - Great Liao - Khitan Empire
;CN|LJ1| Period \ Tiānfú (-944) \ Person \ Gāozǔ \ Shí Jìngtáng (936-942)
;CN|LJ2| Period \ Kāiyùn (944-) \ Person \ Chūdì \ Shí Chóngguì (942-947)
;CN|LJD| Period \ Later Jin Dynasty (936-947) \  Hou \ Shi Jin | (-> Liao)
;CN|LL1| Person \ Emperor Taìzǔ \ Zhū Wēn (907-912)
;CN|LL1A| Period \ Kaīpíng (907-911)
;CN|LL1B| Period \ Qiánhuà (911-915)
;CN|LL2| Period \ Fènglì (913) \ Person \ Zhu Yougui (912-913)
;CN|LL3| Person \ Emperor Mò \ Zhū Zhèn (913-923)
;CN|LL3A| Period \ Zhēnmíng (915-921)
;CN|LL3B| Period \ Lóngdé(921-923)
;CN|LLD| Period \ Later Liang Dynasty (907-923) \ Zhu Liang | (-> Later Tang)
;CN|LN| Region \ Liaoning \ Fengtien \ Fungtien \ Fengtian (21)
;CN|LN1| Person \ Wǔ \ Xiāo Yǎn (502-549)
;CN|LN1A| Period \ Tiānjiān (502-519)
;CN|LN1B| Period \ Pǔtōng (520-527)
;CN|LN1C| Period \ Dàtōng (527-529)
;CN|LN1D| Period \ Zhōngdàtōng (529-534)
;CN|LN1E| Period \ Dàtóng (535-546)
;CN|LN1F| Period \ Zhōngdàtóng (546-547)
;CN|LN1G| Period \ Tàiqīng (547-549)
;CN|LN2| Period \ Dàbǎo \ Person \ Jiǎnwén \ Xiāo Gāng (549-551)
;CN|LN3| Period \ Tiānzhèng \ Person \ Xiāo Dóng (551-552)
;CN|LN4| Period \ Chéngshèng \ Person \ Yuán \ Xiāo Yì (552-555)
;CN|LN5| Period \ Tiānchéng \ Person \ Mǐn \ Xiāo Yuānmíng (555)
;CN|LN6| Person \ Jìng \ Xiāo Fāngzhì (555-557)
;CN|LN6A| Period \ Shàotài (555-556)
;CN|LN6B| Period \ Tàipíng (556-557)
;CN|LND| Period \ Liang dynasty (502-557) | (-> CND+WLD)
;CN|LS1| Period \ Yǒngchū \ Person \ Wǔ \ Liú Yù (420-422)
;CN|LS2| Period \ Jǐngpíng \ Person \ Liú Yìfú (423-424)
;CN|LS3| Period \ Yuánjiā \ Person \ Wén \ Liú Yìlóng (424-453)
;CN|LS4| Period \ Tàichū \ Person \ Liú Shào (453)
;CN|LS5| Person \ Xiàowǔ \ Liú Jùn (453-464)
;CN|LS5A| Period \ Xiàojiàn (454-456)
;CN|LS5B| Period \ Dàmíng (457-464)
;CN|LS6| Person \ Fèi \ Liú Ziyè (464-465)
;CN|LS6A| Period \ Jǐnghé (465)
;CN|LS6B| Period \ Yǒngguāng (465)
;CN|LS7| Person \ Míng \ Liú Yù (465-472)
;CN|LS7A| Period \ Tàishǐ (465-471)
;CN|LS7B| Period \ Tàiyù (472)
;CN|LS8| Period \ Yuánhuī \ Person \ Liú Yù (473-477)
;CN|LS9| Period \ Shēngmíng \ Person \ Shùn \ Liú Zhǔn (477-479)
;CN|LSD| Period \ (Liu) Song Dynasty (420-479) | (-> SQD)
;CN|LT1| Period \ Tóngguāng \ Person \ Emperor Zhuāngzōng \ Lǐ Cúnxù (923-926)
;CN|LT2| Person \ Emperor Míngzōng \ Lǐ Sìyuán (926-933) \ Lǐ Dǎn
;CN|LT2A| Period \ Tiānchéng (926-930)
;CN|LT2B| Period \ Chángxīng (930-933)
;CN|LT3| Period \ Person \ Emperor Mǐn \ Lǐ Cónghòu (933-934) Yìngshùn
;CN|LT4| Period \ Person \ Emperor Mòdì \ Lǐ Cóngkē (934-937) Qīngtaì
;CN|LTD| Period \ Later Tang Dynasty (923-937) \ (from 907-923 Jin) | (-> Later Shu)
;CN|LZ1| Period \ Guǎngshun \ Person \ Tàizŭ \ Guō Weī (951-954)
;CN|LZ2| Period \ Xiǎndé \ Person \ Shìzōng \ Chái Róng (954-959)
;CN|LZ3| Person \ Gōngdì \ Chái Zōngxùn (959-960)
;CN|LZD| Period \ Later Zhou Dynasty (951-960) | (->  Northern Song)
;CN|M01| Person \ Emperor Hóngwǔ \ Yuánzhāng (1368-1398)
;CN|M02| Person \ Emperor Jiànwén \ Yǔnwén (1398-1402)
;CN|M03| Person \ Emperor Yǒnglè \ Dì (1402-1424)
;CN|M04| Person \ Emperor Hóngxī \ Gāochì (1424-1425)
;CN|M05| Person \ Emperor Xuāndé \ Zhānjī (1425-1435)
;CN|M06| Person \ Emperor Zhèngtǒng \ (1.) Qízhèn (1435-1449)
;CN|M07| Person \ Emperor Jǐngtài \ Qíyù (1449-1457)
;CN|M08| Person \ Emperor Tiānshùn \ (2.) Qízhèn (1457-1464)
;CN|M09| Person \ Emperor Chénghuà \ Jiànshēn (1464-1487)
;CN|M10| Person \ Emperor Hóngzhì \ Yòuchēng (1487-1505)
;CN|M11| Person \ Emperor Zhèngdé \ Hòuzhào (1505-1521)
;CN|M12| Person \ Emperor Jiājìng \ Hòucōng (1521-1567)
;CN|M13| Person \ Emperor Lóngqìng \ Zǎijì (1567-1572)
;CN|M14| Person \ Emperor Wànlì \ Yìjūn (1572-1620)
;CN|M15| Person \ Emperor Tàichāng \ Chángluò (1620)
;CN|M16| Person \ Emperor Tiānqǐ \ Yóujiào (1620-1627)
;CN|M17| Person \ Emperor Chóngzhēn \ Yóujiǎn (1627-1644)
;CN|MC1| Person \ (Supreme Commander) Ma Yin (907-930) \ King Wumu of Chu
;CN|MCK| Period \ Kingdom of (Ma) Chu (907-951) | (-> Southern Tang)
;CN|MI1| Person \ Wáng Shenzhī (909-925)
;CN|MI2| Person \ Wáng Yánhàn (925-926)
;CN|MI3| Person \ Wáng Yànjūn (926-935)
;CN|MI3A| Period \ Lóngqǐ (933-935)
;CN|MI3B| Period \ Yǒnghé (935)
;CN|MI4| Period \ Tōngwén \ Person \ Wáng Jìpéng (935-939)
;CN|MI5| Period \ Yǒnglóng \Person \ Wáng Yánxī (939-944)
;CN|MI6| Person \ Zhū Wénjìn (944-945)
;CN|MI7| Period \ Tiāndé \ Person \ Wáng Yánzhèng (943-945)
;CN|MIK| Period \ Kingdom of Min (909-945) | (-> Southern Tang)
;CN|MND| Period \ Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
;CN|N01| Person \ Dàowǔ \ Tuóbá Guī (386-409)
;CN|N01A| Period \ Dēngguó (386-396)
;CN|N01B| Period \ Huángshǐ (396-398)
;CN|N01C| Period \ Tiānxìng (398-404)
;CN|N01D| Period \ Tiāncì (404-409)
;CN|N02| Person \ Míngyuán \ Tuóbá Sì (409-423)
;CN|N02A| Period \ Yǒngxìng (409-413)
;CN|N02B| Period \ Shénruì (414-416)
;CN|N02C| Period \ Tàicháng (416-423)
;CN|N03| Person \ Tàiwǔ \ Tuóbá Dào (424-452)
;CN|N03A| Period \ Shǐguāng (424-428)
;CN|N03B| Period \ Shénjiā (428-431)
;CN|N03C| Period \ Yánhé (432-434)
;CN|N03D| Period \ Tàiyán (435-440)
;CN|N03E| Period \ Tàipíngzhēnjūn (440-451)
;CN|N03F| Period \ Zhèngpíng (451-452)
;CN|N04| Period \ Chéngpíng \ Person \ Nán'ān Yǐn \ Tuóbá Yú (452)
;CN|N05| Person \ Wencheng \ Tuóbá Jun (452-465)
;CN|N05A| Period \ Xìng'ān (452-454)
;CN|N05B| Period \ Xìngguāng (454-455)
;CN|N05C| Period \ Tài'ān (455-459)
;CN|N05D| Period \ Hépíng (460-465)
;CN|N06| Person \ Xiànwén \ Tuóbá Hóng (466-471)
;CN|N06A| Period \ Tiān'ān (466-467)
;CN|N06B| Period \ Huángxìng (467-471)
;CN|N07| Person \ Xiàowén \ Tuóbá Hóng \ Yuán Hóng (471-499)
;CN|N07A| Period \ Yánxìng (471-476)
;CN|N07B| Period \ Chéngmíng (476)
;CN|N07C| Period \ Tàihé (477-499)
;CN|N08| Person \ Xuānwǔ \ Yuán Kè (499-515)
;CN|N08A| Period \ Jǐngmíng (500-503)
;CN|N08B| Period \ Zhèngshǐ (504-508)
;CN|N08C| Period \ Yǒngpíng (508-512)
;CN|N08D| Period \ Yánchāng (512-515)
;CN|N09| Person \ Xiàomíng \ Yuán Xǔ (516-528)
;CN|N09A| Period \ Xīpíng (516-518)
;CN|N09B| Period \ Shénguī (518-520)
;CN|N09C| Period \ Zhèngguāng (520-525)
;CN|N09D| Period \ Xiàochāng (525-527)
;CN|N09E| Period \ Wǔtài (528)
;CN|N10| Person \ Yuán Zhāo (528)
;CN|N11| Person \ Xiàozhuāng \ Yuán Ziyōu (528-530)
;CN|N11A| Period \ Jiànyì (528)
;CN|N11B| Period \ Yǒngān (528-530)
;CN|N12| Period \ Jiànmíng \ Person \ Yuán Yè (530-531)
;CN|N13| Period \ Pǔtài \ Person \ Jiémǐn \ Yuán Gōng (531-532)
;CN|N14| Period \ Zhōngxìng \ Person \ Hóufèi \ Yuán Lǎng (531-532)
;CN|N15| Person \ Xiàowǔ \ Yuán Xiū (532-535)
;CN|N15A| Period \ Tàichāng (532)
;CN|N15B| Period \ Yǒngxìng (532)
;CN|N15C| Period \ Yǒngxī (532-535)
;CN|NHK| Period \ Northern Han Kingdom (951-979) | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|NJI| City \ Nanging \ Nanjing | (TT500)
;CN|NM| Region \ Nei Mongol \ Inner Mongolia (15)
;CN|NQ1| Period \ Tiānbǎo \ Person \ Wénxuān \ Gāo Yáng (550-559)
;CN|NQ2| Period \ Qiánmíng \ Person \ Fèi \ Gāo Yīn (559-560)
;CN|NQ3| Period \ Huángjiàn \ Person \ Xiàozhāo \ Gāo Yǎn (560-561)
;CN|NQ4| Person \ Wǔchéng \ Gāo Zhàn (561-565)
;CN|NQ4A| Period \ Tàiníng (561-562)
;CN|NQ4B| Period \ Héqīng (562-565)
;CN|NQ5| Person \ Gāo Wěi (565-577)
;CN|NQ5A| Period \ Tiāntǒng (565-569)
;CN|NQ5B| Period \ Wǔpíng (570-576)
;CN|NQ5C| Period \ Lónghuà (576)
;CN|NQ6| Period \ Chéngguāng \ Person \ Yóuzhǔ \ Gāo Héng (577)
;CN|NQD| Period \ Northern Qi (550-577) | (-> NZD)
;CN|NWD| Period \ Northern Wei (386-535) | (-> WWD+EWD)
;CN|NZ1| Person \ Xiàomǐn \ Yǔwén Jué (557)
;CN|NZ2| Period \ Wǔchéng \ Person \ (Xiào) Míng \ Yǔwén Yù (557-560)
;CN|NZ3| Person \ Wǔ \ Yǔwén Yōng (561-578)
;CN|NZ3A| Period \ Bǎodìng (561-565)
;CN|NZ3B| Period \ Tiānhé (566-572)
;CN|NZ3C| Period \ Jiàndé (572-578)
;CN|NZ3D| Period \ Xuānzhèng (578)
;CN|NZ4| Period \ Dàchéng \ Person \ Xuān \ Yǔwén Yūn (578-579)
;CN|NZ5| Person \ Jìng \ Yǔwén Chǎn (579-581)
;CN|NZ5A| Period \ Dàxiàng (579-581)
;CN|NZ5B| Period \ Dàdìng (581)
;CN|NZD| Period \ Northern Zhou (557-581) | (-> SUI)
;CN|Q00| Person \ Khan \ Emperor Hong Taiji (1626-1636-1643)
;CN|Q00A| Period \ Tiāncōng (1626-1636)
;CN|Q00B| Period \ Chóngdé (1636-1643)
;CN|Q01| Person \ Emperor Shùnzhì \ Fúlín (1643-1661)
;CN|Q02| Person \ Emperor Kāngxī \ Xuányè (1661-1722)
;CN|Q03| Person \ Emperor Yōngzhèng \ Yìnzhēn (1722-1735)
;CN|Q04| Person \ Emperor Qiánlóng \ Hónglì (1735-1796)
;CN|Q05| Person \ Emperor Jiāqìng \ Yóngyǎn (1796-1820)
;CN|Q06| Person \ Emperor Dàoguāng \ Mínníng (1820-1850)
;CN|Q07| Person \ Emperor Xiánfēng \ Yìzhǔ (1850-1861)
;CN|Q08| Person \ Emperor Tóngzhì \ Zǎichún (1861-1875)
;CN|Q09| Person \ Emperor Guāngxù \ Zǎitián (1875-1908)
;CN|Q10| Person \ Emperor Xuāntǒng \ Pǔyí (1908-1912)
;CN|QND| Period \ Qing Dynasty (1636-1912)
;CN|S01| Person \ Emperor Tàizǔ \ Zhào Kuāngyìn (960-976)
;CN|S01A| Period \ Jiànlóng (960-963)
;CN|S01B| Period \ Qiándé (963-968)
;CN|S01C| Period \ Kāibǎo (968-976)
;CN|S02| Person \ Emperor Tàizōng \ Zhào Jiǒng (976-997)
;CN|S02A| Period \ Tàipíngxīngguó (976-984)
;CN|S02B| Period \ Yōngxī (984-988)
;CN|S02C| Period \ Duāngǒng (988-989)
;CN|S02D| Period \ Chúnhuà (990-994)
;CN|S02E| Period \ Zhìdào (995-997)
;CN|S03| Person \ Emperor Zhēnzōng \ Zhào Héng (997-1022)
;CN|S03A| Period \ Xiánpíng (998-1003)
;CN|S03B| Period \ Jǐngdé (1004-1007)
;CN|S03C| Period \ Dàzhōngxiángfú (1008-1016)
;CN|S03D| Period \ Tiānxǐ (1017-1021)
;CN|S03E| Period \ Qiánxīng (1022)
;CN|S04| Person \ Emperor Rénzōng \ Zhào Zhēn (1022-1063)
;CN|S04A| Period \ Tiānshèng (1023-1032)
;CN|S04B| Period \ Míngdào (1032-1033)
;CN|S04C| Period \ Jǐngyòu (1034-1038)
;CN|S04D| Period \ Bǎoyuán (1038-1040)
;CN|S04E| Period \ Kāngdìng (1040-1041)
;CN|S04F| Period \ Qìnglì (1041-1048)
;CN|S04H| Period \ Huángyòu (1049-1053)
;CN|S04I| Period \ Zhìhé (1054-1056)
;CN|S04J| Period \ Jiāyòu (1056-1063)
;CN|S05| Period \ Zhìpíng \ Person \ Emperor Yīngzōng \ Zhào Shǔ (1063-1067)
;CN|S06| Person \ Emperor Shénzōng \ Zhào Xū (1067-1085)
;CN|S06A| Period \ Xīníng (1068-1077)
;CN|S06B| Period \ Yuánfēng (1078-1085)
;CN|S07| Person \ Emperor Zhézōng \ Zhào Xù (1085-1100)
;CN|S07A| Period \ Yuányòu (1086-1093)
;CN|S07B| Period \ Shàoshèng (1094-1098)
;CN|S07C| Period \ Yuánfú (1098-1100)
;CN|S08| Person \ Emperor Huīzōng \ Zhào Jí (1100-1125)
;CN|S08A| Period \ Jiànzhōngjìngguó (1101)
;CN|S08B| Period \ Chóngníng (1102-1106)
;CN|S08C| Period \ Dàguān (1107-1110)
;CN|S08D| Period \ Zhènghé (1111-1118)
;CN|S08E| Period \ Chónghé (1118)
;CN|S08F| Period \ Xuānhé (1119-1125)
;CN|S09| Period \ Jìngkāng \ Person \ Emperor Qīnzōng \ Zhào Huán (1126-1127)
;CN|S10| Person \ Emperor Gāozōng \ Zhào Gòu (1127-1162)
;CN|S10A| Period \ Jiànyán (1127-1130)
;CN|S10B| Period \ Shàoxīng (1131-1162)
;CN|S11| Person \ Emperor Xiàozōng \ Zhào Shèn (1162-1189)
;CN|S11A| Period \ Lóngxīng (1163-1164)
;CN|S11B| Period \ Qiándào (1165-1173)
;CN|S11B| Period \ Chúnxī (1174-1189)
;CN|S12| Period \ Shàoxī \ Person \ Emperor Guāngzōng \ Zhào Dūn (1189-1194)
;CN|S13| Person \ Emperor Níngzōng \ Zhào Kuò (1194-1224)
;CN|S13A| Period \ Qìngyuán (1195-1200)
;CN|S13B| Period \ Jiātài (1201-1204)
;CN|S13C| Period \ Kāixǐ (1205-1207)
;CN|S13D| Period \ Jiādìng (1208-1224)
;CN|S14| Person \ Emperor Lǐzōng \ Zhào Yún (1224-1264)
;CN|S14A| Period \ Bǎoqìng (1225-1227)
;CN|S14B| Period \ Shàodìng (1228-1233)
;CN|S14C| Period \ Duānpíng (1234-1236)
;CN|S14D| Period \ Jiāxī (1237-1240)
;CN|S14E| Period \ Chúnyòu (1241-1252)
;CN|S14F| Period \ Bǎoyòu (1253-1258)
;CN|S14G| Period \ Kāiqìng (1259)
;CN|S14H| Period \ Jǐngdìng (1260-1264)
;CN|S15| Period \ Xiánchún \ Person \ Dùzōng \ Zhào Qí (1264-1274)
;CN|S16| Period \ Déyòu \ Person \ Emperor Gōng \ Zhào Xiǎn (1275)
;CN|S17| Period \ Jǐngyán \ Person \ Emperor Duānzōng \ Zhào Shì (1276-1278)
;CN|S18| Period \ Xiángxīng \ Person \ Zhào Bǐng (1278-1279)
;CN|SA| Region \ Shaanxi \ Shensi (61)
;CN|SC| Region \ Sichuan \ Szechwan \ Szechuan (51)
;CN|SD| Region \ Shandong \ Shantung (37)
;CN|SH=S(G)H| City \ Region \ Municipality \ Shanghai (31) | (TT720)
;CN|SH1| Person \ Liu Yan (917-941)
;CN|SH1A| Period \ Qián Hēng (917-925)
;CN|SH1B| Period \ Bái Lóng (925-928)
;CN|SH1C| Period \ Dà Yǒu (928-941)
;CN|SH2| Period \ Guāng Tiān \ Person \ Liu Bin (941-943)
;CN|SH3| Person \ Liu Sheng (943-958)
;CN|SH3A| Period \ Yìng Qián (943)
;CN|SH3B| Period \ Qiàn Hé (943-958)
;CN|SH4| Period \ Dà Bǎo \ Person \ Liu Chang (958-971)
;CN|SHK| Period \ Southern Han Kingdom (917-971) \ Han Yue | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|SK| Region \ Sikang (1928-55) | (-> SC+XZ)
;CN|SKW| Period \ Xing Chao \ Person \ Ping Dong Wang \ Sun Kewang (1648-1657)
;CN|SL1| Period \ Míngdé (-938) \ Person \ Mèng Zhīxíang (934)
;CN|SL2| Period \ Guǎngzhèng (938-) \ Person \ Mèng Chǎng (934-965)
;CN|SLK| Period \ Later Shu Kingdom (934-965) \ Meng Shu  | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|SMR| Period \ Southern Ming and Qing Rebels (1644-1682)
;CN;SND| Period \ Song Dynasty (960-1127-1279)
;CN|SNN| Period \ Northern Song (960-1127)
;CN|SNS| Period \ Southern Song (1127-1279)
;CN|SNZ| City \ Shenzhen (GD) | (TT730)
;CN|SQ1| Period \ Jiàn Yuán \ Person \ Gāo \ Xiāo Dàochéng (479-482)
;CN|SQ2| Period \ Yǒngmíng \ Person \ Wǔ \ Xiāo Zé (482-493)
;CN|SQ3| Period \ Lóngchāng \ Person \ Xiāo Zhāoyè (493-494)
;CN|SQ4| Period \ Yánxìng \ Person \ Xiāo Zhāowén (494)
;CN|SQ5| Person \ Míng \ Xiāo Luán (494-498)
;CN|SQ5A| Period \ Jiànwǔ (494-498)
;CN|SQ5B| Period \ Yǒngtài (498)
;CN|SQ6| Period \ Yǒngyuán \ Person \ Xiāo Bǎojuàn (499-501)
;CN|SQ7| Period \ Zhōngxìng \ Person \ Hé \ Xiāo Bǎoróng (501-502)
;CN|SQD| Period \ (Southern) Qi (479-502) | (-> LND)
;CN|SSM| Person \ Shǐ Sīmíng (759-761) - Emperor of the Yan Dynasty - Great Yan
;CN|SSM1| Period \ Shùntiān (759-761)
;CN|SSM2| Period \ Yìngtiān (761)
;CN|ST1| Period \ Shēng Yuán \ Person \ Emperor Liè Zǔ \ Lǐ Biàn (937-943)
;CN|ST2| Person \ Emperor Yuan Zong \ Lǐ Jǐng (943-961)
;CN|ST2A| Period \ Bǎo Dà (943-958)
;CN|ST2B| Period \ Jiāo Tài (958)
;CN|ST2C| Period \ Zhōng Xīng (958)
;CN|ST3| Person \ Emperor Hou Zhu \ Lǐ Yù (961-978)
;CN|STK| Period \ Southern Tang kingdom (937-976) | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|SU1| Person \ Wén \ Yáng Jiān (581-604)
;CN|SU1A| Period \ Kāihuáng (581-600)
;CN|SU1B| Period \ Rénshóu (601-604)
;CN|SU2| Period \ Dàyè \ Person \ Yáng \ Míng \ Yáng Guǎng (604-618)
;CN|SU3| Period \ Yìníng \ Person \ Gōng Huángdì \ Yáng Yóu (617-618)
;CN|SU4| Period \ Huángtài \ Person \ Gōng \ Yáng Tóng (618-619)
;CN|SX| Region \ Shanxi \ Shansi (14)
;CN|SY| Region \ Suiyan (1913-49) | (-> NM)
;CN|T01| Period \ Wǔdé \ Person \ Gāozǔ \ Lǐ Yuān (618-626)
;CN|T02| Period \ Zhēnguàn \ Person \ Tàizōng \ Lǐ Shìmín (626-649)
;CN|T03| Person \ Gāozōng \ Lǐ Zhì (649-683)
;CN|T03A| Period \ Yǒnghuī (650-655)
;CN|T03B| Period \ Xiǎnqìng (656-661)
;CN|T03C| Period \ Lóngshuó (661-663)
;CN|T03D| Period \ Líndé (664-665)
;CN|T03E| Period \ Qiánfēng (666-668)
;CN|T03F| Period \ Zǒngzhāng (668-670)
;CN|T03G| Period \ Xiánhēng (670-674)
;CN|T03H| Period \ Shàngyuán (674-676)
;CN|T03I| Period \ Yífèng (676-679)
;CN|T03J| Period \ Diàolù (679-680)
;CN|T03K| Period \ Yǒnglóng (680-681)
;CN|T03L| Period \ Kāiyào (681-682)
;CN|T03M| Period \ Yǒngchún (682-683)
;CN|T03N| Period \ Hóngdào (683)
;CN|T04| Person \ Zhōngzōng \ Lǐ Xiǎn (684,705-710)
;CN|T04A| Period \ Sìshèng (684)
;CN|T04B| Period \ Shénlóng (705-707)
;CN|T04C| Period \ Jǐnglóng (707-710)
;CN|T05| Person \ Ruìzōng \ Lǐ Dàn (684-690,710-712)
;CN|T05A| Period \ Wénmíng (684)
;CN|T05B| Period \ Guāngzhái (684)
;CN|T05C| Period \ Chuígǒng (685-688)
;CN|T05D| Period \ Yǒngchāng (689)
;CN|T05E| Period \ Zàichū (690)
;CN|T05F| Period \ Jǐngyún (710-711)
;CN|T05G| Period \ Tàijí (712)
;CN|T05H| Period \ Yánhé (712)
;CN|T06| Person \ Empress Wǔ Zétiān (690-705)
;CN|T07| Period \ Tánglóng \ Person \ Shāng \ Lǐ Zhóngmào (710)
;CN|T08| Person \ Xuánzōng \ Lǐ Lóngjī (712-756)
;CN|T08A| Period \ Xiāntiān (712-713)
;CN|T08B| Period \ Kāiyuán (713-741)
;CN|T08C| Period \ Tiānbǎo (742-756)
;CN|T09| Person \ Sùzōng \ Lǐ Hēng (756-762)
;CN|T09A| Period \ Zhìdé (756-758)
;CN|T09B| Period \ Qiányuán (758-760)
;CN|T09C| Period \ Shàngyuán (760-761)
;CN|T10| Person \ Dàizōng \ Lǐ Yù (762-779)
;CN|T10A| Period \ Bǎoyīng (762-763)
;CN|T10B| Period \ Guǎngdé (763-764)
;CN|T10C| Period \ Yǒngtài (765-766)
;CN|T10D| Period \ Dàlì (766-779)
;CN|T11| Person \ Dézōng \ Lǐ Kuó (779-805)
;CN|T11A| Period \ Jiànzhōng (780-783)
;CN|T11B| Period \ Xìngyuán (784)
;CN|T11C| Period \ Zhēnyuán (785-805)
;CN|T12| Period \ Yǒngzhēn \ Person \ Shùnzōng \ Lǐ Sóng (805)
;CN|T13| Period \ Yuánhé \ Person \ Xiànzōng \ Lǐ Chún (805-820)
;CN|T14| Period \ Zhǎngqìng \ Person \ Mùzōng \ Lǐ Héng (820-824)
;CN|T15| Period \ Bǎolì \ Person \ Jìngzōng \ Lǐ Zhàn (824-827)
;CN|T16| Person \ Wénzōng \ Lǐ Áng (827-840)
;CN|T16A| Period \ Tàihé (827-835)
;CN|T16B| Period \ Kāichéng (836-840)
;CN|T17| Period \ Huìchāng \ Person \ Wǔzōng \ Lǐ Yán (840-846)
;CN|T18| Period \ Dàzhōng \ Person \ Xuānzōng \ Lǐ Chén (846-859)
;CN|T19| Period \ Xiántōng \ Person \ Yìzōng \ Lǐ Cuǐ (859-873)
;CN|T20| Person \ Xīzōng \ Lǐ Xuān (873-888)
;CN|T20A| Period \ Qiánfú (874-879)
;CN|T20B| Period \ Guǎngmíng (880-881)
;CN|T20C| Period \ Zhōnghé (881-885)
;CN|T20D| Period \ Guāngqǐ (885-888)
;CN|T20E| Period \ Wéndé (888)
;CN|T21| Person \ Zhāozōng \ Lǐ Yè (888-904)
;CN|T21A| Period \ Lóngjì (889)
;CN|T21B| Period \ Dàshùn (890-891)
;CN|T21C| Period \ Jǐngfú (892-893)
;CN|T21D| Period \ Qiánníng (894-898)
;CN|T21E| Period \ Guānghuà (898-901)
;CN|T21F| Period \ Tiānfù (901-904)
;CN|T22| Period \ Tiānyóu \ Person \ Jǐngzōng \ Lǐ Chù (904-907)
;CN|TND| Period \ Tang Dynasty (618-690,705-907)
;CN|TJ=T(N)J| City \ Region \ Municipality \ Tianjin (12) | (TT775)
;CN;TW|TPE| City \ Region \ Taipei | (TW,TT770,TT750)
;CN|U00| Person \ Genghis Khan \ Temüjin (1206-1227)
;CN|U01| Person \ Tolui (1227-1229)
;CN|U02| Person \ Ögedei Khan (1229-1241)
;CN|U2R| Person \ Töregene Khatun (1241-1246)
;CN|U03| Person \ Güyük Khan (1246-1248)
;CN|U3R| Person \ Khatun \ Oghul Qaimish (1248-1251)
;CN|U04| Person \ Möngke Khan (1251-1259)
;CN|U05| Person \ Kublai Khan (1260-1271-1294)
;CN|U05A| Period \ Zhōngtǒng (1260-1264)
;CN|U05B| Period \ Zhìyuán (1264-1294)
;CN|U06| Person \ Temür Khan (1294-1307)
;CN|U06A| Period \ Yuánzhēn (1295-1297)
;CN|U06B| Period \ Dàdé (1297-1307)
;CN|U07| Period \ Zhìdà \ Person \ Külüg Khan \ Qayshan (1307-1311)
;CN|U08| Person \ Ayurbarwada Buyantu Khan (1311-1320)
;CN|U08A| Period \ Huángqìng (1312-1313)
;CN|U08B| Period \ Yányòu (1314-1320)
;CN|U09| Period \ Zhìzhì \ Person \ Gegeen Khan \ Suddhipala (1320-1323)
;CN|U10| Person \ Yesün Temür (1323-1328)
;CN|U10A| Period \ Tàidìng (1321-1328)
;CN|U10B| Period \ Zhìhé (1328)
;CN|U11| Period \ Tiānshùn \ Person \ Ragibagh Khan \ Arigaba (1328)
;CN|U12| Person \ Jayaatu Khan Tugh Temür (1328-29,29-1332)
;CN|U12A| Period \ Tiānlì (1328-1330)
;CN|U12A| Period \ Zhìshùn (1330-1333)
;CN|U13| Person \ Khutughtu Khan Kusala (1329)
;CN|U14| Person \ Rinchinbal Khan (1332)
;CN|U15| Person \ Ukhaghatu Khan \ Toghon Temür (1333-1368)
;CN|U15A| Period \ Yuántǒng (1333-1335)
;CN|U15B| Period \ Zhìyuán (1335-1340)
;CN|U15C| Period \ Zhìzhèng (1341-1368)
;CN|UND| Period \ Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368)
;CN|WCA| Period \ Yong Chang \ Person \ Chuang Wang \ Li Hongji (1644-1645)
;CN|WHG| City \ Wuhan (42) | (NHN,TT800)
;CN|WL1| Period \ Dàdìng \ Person \ Xuān \ Xiāo Chá (555-562)
;CN|WL2| Period \ Tiānbǎo \ Person \ Míng \ Xiāo Kuī (562-585)
;CN|WL3| Period \ Guǎngyùn \ Person \ Jìng \ Xiāo Cóng (585-587)
;CN|WLD| Period \ Western Liang (555-587)
;CN|WSF| Period \ Hóng Huá \ Person \ Wu Shifan (1679-1681)
;CN|WSG| Person \ Wu Sangui (1674-1678)
;CN|WSG1| Period \ Lǐ Yǒng (1674-1678)
;CN|WSG2| Period \ Chāo Wú (1678)
;CN|WW1| Period \ Dàtǒng \ Person \ Wén \ Yuán Bǎojù (535-551)
;CN|WW2| Person \ Fèi \ Yuán Qīn (551-554)
;CN|WW3| Person \ Gōng \ Tuóbá Kuó (554-557)
;CN|WWD| Period \ Western Wei (535-557)| (->NZD)
;CN|WXG| Period \ Da Shun \ Person \ Da Xi Guo Wang \ Zhang Xianzhong (1644-1647)
;CN|WYK| Period \ Wuyue Kingdom (907-978) | (-> Northern Song)
;CN|X01| Person \ (Emperor) Jǐngzōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Yuánhào (1038-1048)
;CN|X01A| Period \ Xiandao (1032-1034)
;CN|X01B| Period \ Kaiyun (1034)
;CN|X01C| Period \ Guangyun (1034-1036)
;CN|X01D| Period \ Daqing (1036-1038)
;CN|X01E| Period \ Tianshoulifayanzuo (1038-1048)
;CN|X02| Person \ (Emperor) Yì Zōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Liàngzuò (1048-1067)
;CN|X02A| Period \ Yánsìníngguó (1048-1049)
;CN|X02B| Period \ Tiānyòuchuíshèng (1050-1052)
;CN|X02C| Period \ Fúshèngchéngdào (1053-1056)
;CN|X02D| Period \ Duǒdū (1057-1062)
;CN|X02E| Period \ Gǒnghuà (1063-1067)
;CN|X03| Person \ (Emperor) Huì Zōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Bǐngcháng (1067-1086)
;CN|X03A| Period \ Qiandao (1068-1069)
;CN|X03B| Period \ Tiancilishengguoqing (1070-1074)
;CN|X03C| Period \ Da'an (1075-1085)
;CN|X03D| Period \ Tian'anliding (1086)
;CN|X03X| Period \ Xi'an (??)
;CN|X04| Person \ (Emperor) Chóng Zōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Qiánshùn (1086-1139)
;CN|X04A| Period \ Tiānyízhìpíng (1086-1089)
;CN|X04B| Period \ Tiānyòumín'ān (1090-1097)
;CN|X04C| Period \ Yǒng'ān (1098-1100)
;CN|X04D| Period \ Zhēnguān (1101-1113)
;CN|X04E| Period \ Yōngníng (1114-1118)
;CN|X04F| Period \ Yuándé (1119-1127)
;CN|X04G| Period \ Zhèngdé (1127-1134)
;CN|X04H| Period \ Dàdé (1135-1139)
;CN|X05| Person \ (Emperor) Rén Zōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Rénxiào (1139-1193)
;CN|X05A| Period \ Daqing (1140-1143)
;CN|X05B| Period \ Renqing (1144-1148)
;CN|X05C| Period \ Tiansheng (1149-1169)
;CN|X05D| Period \ Qianyou (1170-1193)
;CN|X06| Period \ Tianqing \ Person \ (E.) Huán Zōng (o.W. Xia) \ Lǐ Chúnyòu (1193-1206)
;CN|X07| Person \ (Emperor) Xiāng Zōng (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Anquán (1206-1211)
;CN|X07A| Period \ Yingtian (1206-1209)
;CN|X07B| Period \ Huangjian (1210-1211)
;CN|X08| Period \ Guangding \ Person \ (E.) Shén Zōng (o.W. Xia) \ Lǐ Zūnxū (1211-1223)
;CN|X09| Period \ Qianding \ Person \ (E.) Xiànzōng (o.W. Xia) \ Lǐ Déwàng (1223-1226)
;CN|X10| Period \ Baoyi \ Person \ (Emperor) Mo (of Western Xia) \ Lǐ Xiàn (1226-1227)
;CN|X10X| Period \ Baoqing (??)
;CN|X10Y| Period \ Guangxi (??)
;CN|X10Z| Period \ Qingping (??)
;CN|XAM| City \ Amoy \ Xiamen (35) | (TT820)
;CN|XJ| Region \ Xinjiang (Uygur) \ Sinkiang (Uighur)
;CN|XWD| Period \ Western Xia Dynasty (1038-1227) \  Tangut Empire
;CN|XZ| Region \ Xizang \ Tibet (54) | (TBT)
;CN|YN| Region \ Yunnan (53)
;CN|YS| Region \ Yunnan + Szechuan (Joinage)
;CN|YWK| Period \ Yang Wu Kingdom (907-937) | (-> Southern Tang)
;CN|ZJ| Region \ Zhejiang \ Chekiang (33)
;CN|ZCF| Period \ Da Ming \ Person \ Zhū Chángfāng (1644-1646)
;CN|ZCQ| Period \ Dōng Wǔ \ Person \ Zhū Chángqīng (1648-1649)
;CN|ZND| Period \ Southern Ming \ Great Ming \ Dà Míng (1644-1662)
;CN|ZYH| Period \ Geng Yín \ Person \ Zhū Yǐhǎi (1645-1655)
;CN|ZYJ| Period \ Lóng Wǔ \ Person \ Zhū Yùjiàn (1645-1646)
;CN|ZYL| Period \ Yǒng Lì \ Person \ Zhū Yóuláng (1646-1659/62)
;CN|ZYS| Period \ Hóng Guāng \ Person \ Zhū Yóusōng (1644-1645)
;CN|ZYY| Period \ Shào Wǔ \ Person \ Zhū Yùyuè (1646-1647)


- GE : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;GE|TB=TB(S)| City \ Region \ Tiflis \ Tbilisi | (TT700)

- ID : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;ID;NL|ACH| Region \ Atjeh \ Aceh | (ID-AC)
;ID;NL|BJM| City \ Region \ Banjarmasin | (ID)
;ID;NL|BEL| Region \ Benculen \ Bengkulu | (ID-BE)
;ID;NL|DEI| Region \ Dutch East Indies \ Indonesia (1800-1949)
;ID;NL|DLS| Region \ Deli (Serdang) | (ID-DL)
;ID|FR(.)| Robinson,Frank S.: Palembang Coins, http://www.fsrcoin.com/palembang.html
;ID;NL|JAT| Region \ Java \ Jawa (Tengah) | (ID-JT)
;ID|ME(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-1990)
;ID|MN(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-2002) Ausgabe: 2006
;ID|MZ(.)| Menzel,Peter: Deutsche Notmünzen ... (1840-2002) Ausgabe: 2022
;ID;NL|MAL| Region \ Maluku | (ID-MA)
;ID;NL|MDR| Region \ Madura | (ID-MD)
;ID;NL|PAL| City \ Palembang | (ID)
;ID;NL|PTM| Dynasty \ Pontianak Sultanate \ Kesultanan Pontianak | (ID-PT)
;ID;NL|SLT| Region \ Island of Sultana | (ID-SL)
;ID;NL|SSI| City \ Dynasty \ (Sultanate of Kesultanan) Siak Sri Indrapura | (ID)
;ID;NL|STB| Region \ Menangkabau \ Sumatera Barat | (ID-SB)
;ID;NL|SRB| City \ Surabaya, Java  \ Tanjung Perak | (ID)
;ID;NL|SUL| Region \ Celebes \ Sulawesi (Tengah) | (ID-ST)
;ID;NL|SUM| Region \ Sumatra \ Sumatera | (ID-SU)
;ID;NL|TRU| Region \ Trumon, Aceh Selatan | (ID-TR)
;ID;NL|VOC| Company \ Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (1602-1800) | !PK!

- IL : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;IL|HA=H(F)A| City \ Region \ District \ Hefa \ Haifa | (TT400)
;IL|REH| City \ Region \ Rehovot | (TT600)
;IL|TA=TA(Y)| City \ Region \ District \ Tel Aviv-Yafo \ Tel Aviv(-Jaffa) | (TT750)
;IL|ZFT| City \ Region \ Z(e)fat \ Safed \ Tzefat | (TT860)

- IN : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;--|A -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|A01| Person \ Sher Shah Suri (1532-1545)
;IN|A02| Person \ Islam Shah Suri (1545-1554)
;IN|A03| Person \ Firuz Shah Suri (1554)
;IN|A04| Person \ Muhammad Adil Shah (1554-1555)
;IN|A05| Person \ Ibrahim Shah Suri (1555)
;IN|A06| Person \ Sikandar Shah Suri (1555)
;IN|A07| Person \ Adil Shah Suri (1555-1556)
;IN|ABL| State \ Ambliara (1619-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|AHM| Kingdom \ Ahmadnagar Sultanate (1494-1636)| (DEC,-MH)
;IN|APA| City \ Region \ Andhra Pradesh (today)
;IN|ALM| Region \ Almora | (IIK,-UT)
;IN|ALW| State \ Alwar (1586-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|ANA| Region \ Andaman Islands (-1872) and Nicobar Islands | (INB,-AN)
;IN|ARA| City \ Region \ Arunachal Pradesh (today)
;IN;FR|ARC| City \ Arkat \ Arcot (Vellore) | (INF,-TN)
;IN|ASA| Kingdom \ Assam \  Asom \ Ahom kingdom (1228-1826) | (IIK,-AS)
;IN|AWA| State \ Awadh \ Oudh (1816-1858) | (IPS,-UP)
;IN|AWM| City \ Aurangabad (Maharashtra) \ Khujista Bunyad  | (HYB,-MH)
;--|B -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|B02| Region \ Division \ Kangra | (ex-K5)
;IN|B03| Region \ Division \ Faridkot | (ex-F5)
;IN|B06| Region \ Division \ Ambala | (ex-A5)
;IN|B08| Region \ Division \ Ajmer | (ex-A5)
;IN|B09| Region \ Division \ Agra | (ex-A3)
;IN|B10| Region \ Division \ Bhagalpur | (ex-B5)
;IN|B12| Region \ Division \ Kameng | (ex-K5)
;IN|B17| Region \ Division \ Garo Hills | (ex-G5)
;IN|B19| Region \ Division \ Burdwan | (ex-B5)
;IN|B20| Region \ Division \ Kolhan | (ex-K5)
;IN|B21| Region \ Division \ Central Odisha | (ex-C5)
;IN|B22| Region \ Division \ Bastar | (ex-B5)
;IN|B23| Region \ Division \ Bhopal | (ex-B5)
;IN|B24| Region \ Division \ Central Gujarat | (ex-C5)
;IN|B27| Region \ Division \ Amravati | (ex-A5)
;IN|B29| Region \ Division \ Bangalore | (ex-B5)
;IN|B36| Region \ Zone \ Kaleshwaram
;IN|BAN| State \ Banswara (1497-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|BAO| State \ Baroda \ Vadodara (1721-1949) | (MHF,-GJ)
;IN;PT|BCI| City \ Region \ Vasai \ Bacaim \ Bassein (1611-1780) | (INP,-MH)
;IN|BHA| Authority \ Bharatpur \ Bharatpore (17th-1947) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|BHN| Region \ Bhinda, Mewar Feudatory | (-MP)
;IN|BHO| Authority \ Bhopal (1723-1949/56) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|BHR| City \ Region \ Bihar (today)
;IN|BHU| State \ Bhaunagar \ Bhavnagar (1723-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;PK|BHW| State \ Bahawalpur (1802-1955) | (IPS,PK)
;IN|BID| State \ Bidar Sultanate (1528-1619) | (DEC,-KA)
;IN|BJP| State \ Bijapur (1490-1686) | (DEC,-KA)
;IN|BJW| State \ Bijawar (1765-1950) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|BLR| City \ Bangalore (KA) | (TT110)
;IN|BMB| State \ Bamra \ Bamanda (1545-1948) | (IPS,-OD)
;IN|BOM| City \ Region \ Mumbai \ Bombay (MH) | (TT120)
;IN|BOR| State \ Bhor (1697-1948) | (MHF,-MH)
;IN|BR(.)| Bright, Richard: The Coinage of Kutch, Dallas, Numismatics International, 1975.
;IN|BRI| State \ Bikanir \ Bikaner (1465-1947) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|BRU| Region \ Broach \ Bharuch | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|BRW| State \ Barwani (836-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|BSH| State \ Bashahr (1412-1948) | (IPS,-HP)
;IN|BTA| State \ Bantwar \ Bantva Manavadar (1733-1947) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|BUI| State \ Bundi (1342-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;--|C -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|C09| Region \ Division \ Aligarh | (ex-A5)
;IN|C14| Region \ Division \ Inner Manipur | (ex-I5)
;IN|C32| Region \ Division \ Central Kerala | (ex-C5)
;IN|C33| Region \ Division \ Central Tamil Nadu | (ex-C5)
;IN|CAC| Kingdom \ Cachar \ Kachar(i) (13th-1854)  | (IIK,-AS)
;IN|CAM| State \ Cambay (1730-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|CCU| City \ Kolkata \ Calcutta (WB) | (TT425)
;IN;PT|CEB| City \ Region \ Korlai \ Chaul (1521-1740) e Bacaim | (INP,-MH)
;IN|CHB| State \ Chamba (ca.550-1948) | (IPS,-HP)
;IN|CHD| City \ Region \ Chandigarh (today)
;IN|CHH| State \ Chhatarpur (1785-1950) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|CHK| State \ Charkari (1765-1950) | (IPS,-UP)
;IN|CHO| City \ Chitor \ Chittorgarh, Mewar Feudatory | (-RJ)
;IN;FR|CIO| Authority \ Compagnie des Indes Orientales (1664-1769)
;IN|CIS| Authorities \ Cis-Sutlej States (1809-1862) | (-PB)
;IN|COH| Region \ Cooch Behar \ Koch Bihar (1586-1949) | (IIK,-WB)
;IN;GB;NL;PT|COK| City \ Region \ Kochi \ Cochin (12th-1503-1947) | (INP,-KL)
;IN|CPR| City \ El(l)ichpur \ Achalpur, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-MH)
;IN|CTA| City \ Region \ Chhattisgarh (-2000 MP)
;IN|CTU| Authority \ Chhota Udaipur (1743-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;--|D -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|D09| Region \ Division \ Allahabad | (ex-A7)
;IN|D10| Region \ Division \ Darbhanga | (ex-D5)
;IN|D23| Region \ Division \ Chambal | (ex-C5)
;IN;PT|DAM| City \ Region \ Damao \ Daman (1523-1961) | (INP,-DD)
;IN|DAT| State \ Duttia \ Datia (1626-1950) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN;PK|DEA| City \ Dera (Ghazi Khan), Sikh Feudatory | (IIK,PK)
;IN|DEC| Authorities \ Deccan \ Dakhin Sultanates (1527-1686) \ Bahmani Sultanate (1347-1527) | (SIN)
;IN|DEL| City \ (Old) Delhi \ Shahjahanabad (1639-??) \ Sultanate of Delhi  (1206-1526) | (-DL,TT235)
;IN|DHA| City \ Region \ Dadra & Nagar Haveli & Daman & Diu (today)
;IN|DHG| State \ Dhrangadhra (1742-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|DHO| State \ Dholpur (ca.700-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|DHR| State \ Dhar (1730-1947)| (IPS,-MP)
;IN;PT|DIU| City \ Region \ Diu (1535-1961) | (INP,-DD)
;IN|DR(.)| Rajgor,Dillip: Standard catalogue of Sultanate coins of India, Amrapali Publications
;IN;PK|DRJ| Authority \ Derajat \ Dera Ismail Khan (1819-1847) | (IIK,PK)
;IN|DRO| State \ Dhrol (1595-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|DUG| State \ Dungarpur (1197-1947) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|DWJ| State \ Dewas Jr.Branch (1728-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|DWS| State \ Dewas Sr.Branch (1728-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;--|E -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|E01| Person \ Bābur (1526-1530) \ Zahir-ud-din Muhammad
;IN|E02(?)| Person \ (Nasir-ud-din Muhammad) Humayun (A:1530-1540;B:1555-1556)
;IN|E03| Person \ Akbar (1556-1605) \ Jalal-ud-din Muhammad
;IN|E04| Person \ Jahangir (1605-1627) \ Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim
;IN|E05| Person \ Shah Jahan I (1627-1658) \ Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram
;IN|E06| Person \ Alamgir I (1658-1707) \ Muhy-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb
;IN|E07| Person \ Bahadur Shah I (1707-1712) \ Qutb ud-Din Muhammad Mu'azzam Shah Alam
;IN|E08| Person \ (Ma'az-ud-Din) Jahandar Shah (Bahadur) (1712-1713)
;IN|E09| Person \ Farrukhsiyar (1713-1719)
;IN|E10| Person \ Rafi ud-Darajat (1719)
;IN|E11| Person \ Shah Jahan II (1719) \ Rafi ud-Daulah
;IN|E12| Person \ Muhammad Shah (1719-1748) \ Roshan Akhtar Bahadur
;IN|E13| Person \ Ahmad Shah Bahadur (1748-1754)
;IN|E14| Person \ Alamgir II (1754-1759) \ Aziz-ud-din
;IN|E15| Person \ Shah Jahan III (1759-1760) \ Muhi-ul-millat
;IN|E16(?)| Person \ Shah Alam II (A:1759-1788;B:1788-1806) \ Ali Gauhar
;IN|E17| Person \ Muhammad Shah Bahadur (1788) \ Bidar Bakht
;IN|E18| Person \ Akbar Shah II (1806-1837) \ Mirza Akbar
;IN|E19| Person \ Bahadur Shah II (1837-1857) \ Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar
;IN|EIC| Authority \ East India Company
;--|F -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|F09| Region \ Division \ Azamgarh | (ex-A9)
;IN|FRD| State \ Faridkot \ Fridkot (1803-1947) | (CIS,-PB)
;IN|FRK| Region \ Farrukhabad \ Ferrukhabad | (IIK,-UP)
;--|G -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|G09| Region \ Division \ Bareilly | (ex-B3)
;IN|GCD| Kingdom \ Golconda Sultanate (1518-1687) | (DEC,-TG)
;IN|GDL| State \ Gondal (1634-1949) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|GG(.)| Goron,Stan/J.P. Goenka,.J.P.: The Coins of the Indian Sultanates, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers
;IN|GJA| City \ Region \ Gujarat (today)
;IN;PT|GOA| City \ Region \ Goa \ Gôa (Portuguese) | (INP,-GA)
;IN|GOD| Kingdom \ Gondwana \ Gond (1398-1751) | (IIK,-MP)
;IN|GRW| State \ Gar(h)wal (888-1949) | (IIK,IPS,-UT)
;IN|GWD| State \ Gadwal, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-TG)
;IN|GWL| State \ Gwalior (1731-1948) | (MHF,-MP)
;--|H -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|H01| Region \ Division \ Jammu | (ex-J5)
;IN|H02| Region \ Division \ Mandi | (ex-M5)
;IN|H03| Region \ Division \ Firozepur | (ex-F7)
;IN|H05| Region \ Division \ Garhwal | (ex-G5)
;IN|H06| Region \ Division \ Faridabad | (ex-F5)
;IN|H08| Region \ Division \ Bharatpur | (ex-B5)
;IN|H09| Region \ Division \ Basti | (ex-B5)
;IN|H10| Region \ Division \ Kosi | (ex-K5)
;IN|H12| Region \ Division \ Lohit-Dibang | (ex-L5)
;IN|H17| Region \ Division \ Jaintia Hills | (ex-J5)
;IN|H18| Region \ Division \ Central Assam | (ex-C5)
;IN|H19| Region \ Division \ Jalpaiguri | (ex-J5)
;IN|H20| Region \ Division \ North Chotanagpur | (ex-N5)
;IN|H21| Region \ Division \ North Odisha | (ex-N5)
;IN|H22| Region \ Division \ Bilaspur | (ex-B7)
;IN|H23| Region \ Division \ Gwalior | (ex-G5)
;IN|H24| Region \ Division \ Kutch | (ex-K5)
;IN|H27| Region \ Division \ Aurangabad | (ex-A7)
;IN|H29| Region \ Division \ Belgaum | (ex-B7)
;IN|H36| Region \ Zone \ Basara
;IN|H37| Region \ Division \ Coastal Andhra | (ex-C5)
;IN|HAR| City \ Region \ Haryana (-1966 PB+HP)
;IN|HPA| City \ Region \ Himachal Pradesh (today)
;IN|HYB| State \ Hyderabad and Feudatories (1724-1798-1948) | (INM,IPS,-TG)
;--|I -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|I09| Region \ Division \ Chitrakoot | (ex-C5)
;IN|IDA| State \ Edar \ Idar (ca.1257-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;DK|IDK| Authority \ Danish India (1777-1869)
;IN|IDR| State \ Indore (1818-1948) | (MHF,-MP)
;IN|IIK| Authorities \ Independent Kingdoms
;IN;GB|INB| Authority \ British India (1612-1947)
;IN;FR|INF| Authority \ French India (1769-1954)
;IN|INM| Authority \ Mughal Empire (1526-1857)
;IN;PT|INP| Authority \ Portugese India \ Índia Portuguesa \ Estado da Índia (1505-1961)
;IN|IPS| Authorities \ Princely States
;--|J -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|J08| Region \ Division \ Bikaner | (ex-B7)
;IN|J09| Region \ Division \ Devipatan | (ex-D5)
;IN|J10| Region \ Division \ Magadh | (ex-M5)
;IN|J23| Region \ Division \ Indore | (ex-I5)
;IN|J36| Region \ Zone \ Rajanna
;IN|JAI| State \ Jaipur (1128-1947) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|JAO| State \ Jaora (1808-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|JDH| State \ Jodhpur (1250-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|JHA| City \ Region \ Jharkhand (-2000 BR)
;IN|JHB| State \ Jhabua (1584-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|JHS| State \ Jhansi \ Hansi (1804-1858) | (CIS,-UP)
;IN|JIN| State \ Jind (1763-1947) | (CIS,-HR)
;IN|JKA| State \ Jammu and Kashmir | (IIK,-JK)
;IN|JLC| State \ Jalaun (1806-1840) | (IPS,-UP)
;IN|JLW| State \ Jhalawar (1838-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|JMM| Region \ Jammu | (IIK,-JK)
;IN|JSA| State \ Jaisalmir \ Jaisalmer (1156-1947) | (IIK,IPS,-RJ)
;IN|JSD| State \ Jasdan (1665-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;BD|JTR| Kingdom \ Jaintia(pur) (1500-1835) | (IIK,BD)
;IN|JUB| State \ Jubbal (1800-1947) | (IPS,-HP)
;IN|JUN| State \ Junagadh \ (1730-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;--|K -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|K01| Person \ Jalaluddin (1290-1296)
;IN|K02| Person \ Alauddin (1296-1316)
;IN|K03| Person \ Shihabuddin Omar (1316)
;IN|K04| Person \ Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah (1316-1320)
;IN|K05| Person \ Khusro Khan (1320)
;IN|KAA| City \ Region \ Karnataka (today)
;IN|KAU| State \ Karoli \ Karauli (1348-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN;PK|KBH| State \ Khanate of Kalat (1666-1955) | (IPS,PK)
;IN|KCH| State \ Cutch \ Kutch \ Kachchh (1147-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;PK|KHI| City \ Region \ Karachi (SD) | (PK,TT480)
;IN;PK|KHP| State \ Khayrpur \ Khairpur (1775-1955) | (IPS,PK)
;IN|KIG| State \ Kishangarh (1611-1948) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|KJD| Dynasty \ Khalji dynasty (1290-1320)
;IN|KLA| City \ Region \ Kerala (today)
;IN|KLS| State \ Kalsia (1760-1947) | (CIS,-HR)
;IN|KLY| City \ Kalyan \ Kallian, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-MH)
;IN|KNR| State \ Cannanore \ Kannur \ Arakkal kingdom (1545-1819) | (IIK,IPS,-KL)
;IN|KOG| State \ Coorg \ Kodagu (1600-1947) | (IIK,IPS,-KA)
;IN|KOP| State \ Kolhapur (1707-1947) | (MHF,-MH)
;IN;FR|KRK| City \ Kar(a)ikal (1738-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;IN|KSM| Region \ Kashmir | (IIK,-JK)
;IN|KTH| City \ Kaithal | (CIS,-HR)
;IN|KTU| State \ Kota(h) (17th-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|KUA| Region \ Kumaon \ Kumaun, Gurkha | (IIK,-UT)
;--|L -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|L01| Person \ Bahlul Khan Lodi (1451-1489)
;IN|L02| Person \ Sikandar Lodi (1489-1517)
;IN|L03| Person \ Ibrahim Lodi (1517-1526)
;IN|LDD| Dynasty \ Lodi dynasty (1451-1526)
;IN|LDP| City \ Region \ Lakshadweep (today)
;IN|LNV| Region \ Lunavada (1434-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;PK|LSB| State \ (Las) Bela (1742-1955) | (IPS,PK)
;--|M -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|M01| Person \ Qutb al-Din Aibak (1206-1210)
;IN|M02| Person \ Aram Shah (1210-1211)
;IN|M03| Person \ Iltutmish (1211-1236)
;IN|M04| Person \ Rukn ud din Firuz (1236)
;IN|M05| Person \ Razia Sultana (1236-1240)
;IN|M06| Person \ Muiz ud din Bahram (1240-1242)
;IN|M07| Person \ Ala ud din Masud (1242-1246)
;IN|M08| Person \ Nasir ud din Mahmud (1246-1266)
;IN|M09| Person \ Ghiyas ud din Balban (1266-1287)
;IN|M10| Person \ Muiz ud din Qaiqabad (1287-1290)
;IN|M11| Person \ Shamsuddin Kayumars (1290)
;IN;FR|MAH| City \ Region \ Mahe (1724-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;IN|MDU| Kingdom \ Madurai (1335-1378) | (IIK,-TN)
;IN|MET| State \ Malerkotla \ Maler Kotla (1657-1948) | (CIS,-PB)
;IN|MEW| State \ Mewar \ Mewad \ Udaipur (734-1818-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|MGL| City \ Region \ Meghalaya (-1972 AS)
;IN|MHF| Confederation \ Mahratta \ Maratha Empire (1674-1818) | (IIK,-MH)
;IN|MHR| City \ Region \ Maharashtra (today)
;IN|MKR| State \ Makrai (1663-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|MLD| Dynasty \ Mamluk dynasty (1206-1290)
;IN|MNP| State \ Manipur (1724-1824-1949) \ Kangleipak Kingdom (1110-1724) | (IIK,IPS,-MN)
;IN|MPA| City \ Region \ Madhya Pradesh (today)
;IN|MRJ| States \ Miraj (1750-1820-1948) | (MHF,-MH)
;IN|MVI| State \ Morbi \ Morvi (1698-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|MWI(.)| Mitchiner,Michael: Oriental Coins and Their Values - The World of Islam, Hawkins Publications
;IN|MYS| State \ Mysore (1399-1799-1947) | (IIK,IPS,-KA)
;IN;PK|MZJ| City \ Muzaffargarh | (PK)
;IN|MZM| City \ Region \ Mizoram (-1971 AS)
;--|N -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|N01| Region \ Division \ Kashmir Valley | (ex-K5)
;IN|N02| Region \ Division \ Shimla | (ex-S5)
;IN|N03| Region \ Division \ Jalandhar | (ex-J5)
;IN|N05| Region \ Division \ Kumaon | (ex-K5)
;IN|N06| Region \ Division \ Gurgaon | (ex-G5)
;IN|N08| Region \ Division \ Jaipur | (ex-J5)
;IN|N09| Region \ Division \ Faizabad | (ex-F5)
;IN|N10| Region \ Division \ Munger | (ex-M7)
;IN|N12| Region \ Division \ Siang | (ex-S5)
;IN|N14| Region \ Division \ North Manipur | (ex-N5)
;IN|N17| Region \ Division \ Khasi Hills | (ex-K5)
;IN|N18| Region \ Division \ Lower Assam | (ex-L5)
;IN|N19| Region \ Division \ Malda | (ex-M5)
;IN|N20| Region \ Division \ Palamu | (ex-P5)
;IN|N21| Region \ Division \ South Odisha | (ex-S5)
;IN|N22| Region \ Division \ Durg | (ex-D5)
;IN|N23| Region \ Division \ Jabalpur | (ex-J5)
;IN|N24| Region \ Division \ North Gujarat | (ex-N5)
;IN|N27| Region \ Division \ Konkan | (ex-K5)
;IN|N29| Region \ Division \ Gulbarga | (ex-G5)
;IN|N32| Region \ Division \ North Kerala | (ex-N5)
;IN|N33| Region \ Division \ North Tamil Nadu | (ex-N5)
;IN|N36| Region \ Zone \ Bhadradri
;IN|N37| Region \ Division \ Rayalaseema | (ex-R5)
;IN|NBA| State \ Nabha (1763-1947) | (CIS,-PB)
;IN;DK|NCB| Region \ Nicobar Islands \ Frederiksøerne (1755-1868,INB:-) | (IDK,-AN)
;IN|NGL| City \ Region \ Nagaland (-1963 AS)
;IN;PK|NJB| City \ Najibabad | (IIK,PK)
;IN|NSG| State \ Narsingarh (1681-1948), Bhopal Feudatory | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|NWG| State \ Navanagar \ Nowanuggur \ Nawanagar (1540-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|NYP| City \ Narayanpet(t), Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-TG)
;--|O -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|O09| Region \ Division \ Gorakhpur | (ex-G5)
;IN;DK|OIK| Authority \ Ostindisk Kompagny (1620-1777)
;IN|ORA| City \ Region \ Orissa \ Odisha (today)
;IN|ORC| State \ Orchha (ca.1250-1950) | (IPS,-MP)
;--|P -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|P09| Region \ Division \ Jhansi | (ex-J5)
;IN|P10| Region \ Division \ Patna | (ex-P5)
;IN|P23| Region \ Division \ Narmadapuram | (ex-N5)
;IN|PAA| State \ Panna (1731-1950) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|PBD| State \ Porbandar (1193-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN;FR|PDY| Region \  Pondichery \ Puducherry (1674-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;IN|PIT| State \ Palitana (1194-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|PJB| City \ Region \ (East-)Punjab (today)
;IN|PON| State \ Poonch \ Punch | (-JK)
;IN|PTA| State \ Patiala (1627-1948) | (CIS,-PB)
;IN|PTG| State \ Partabgarh \ Pratapgarh (1425-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|PUK| State \ Pudu(k)kotta(i) (1680-1800-1948) | (IIK,IPS,-TN)
;--|Q -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|Q03| Region \ Division \ Patiala | (ex-P5)
;IN|Q06| Region \ Division \ Hissar | (ex-H5)
;IN|Q08| Region \ Division \ Jodhpur | (ex-J7)
;IN|Q09| Region \ Division \ Kanpur | (ex-K5)
;IN|Q10| Region \ Division \ Purnia | (ex-P7)
;IN|Q12| Region \ Division \ Subansiri | (ex-S7)
;IN|Q18| Region \ Division \ North Assam | (ex-N5)
;IN|Q19| Region \ Division \ Medinipur | (ex-M7)
;IN|Q20| Region \ Division \ Santhal Pargana | (ex-S5)
;IN|Q22| Region \ Division \ Raipur | (ex-R5)
;IN|Q23| Region \ Division \ Rewa | (ex-R5)
;IN|Q24| Region \ Division \ Saurashtra | (ex-S5)
;IN|Q27| Region \ Division \ Nagpur | (ex-N5)
;IN|Q29| Region \ Division \ Mysore | (ex-M5)
;IN|Q36| Region \ Zone \ Yadadri
;--|R -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|R09| Region \ Division \ Lucknow | (ex-L5)
;IN|RAJ| State \ Rajkot (1620-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|RAP| State \ Rampur(a) (1774-1949) | (IPS,-UP)
;IN;MM|RAK| Kingdom \ Kingdom of Mrauk-U \ Arakan (1429-1785) \ Rakhine (today) | (IIK,MM)
;IN|RAR| City \ Raichur \ Firoznagar, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-KA)
;IN|RDH| State \ Radhanpur (1753-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|REW| State \ Rewa(h) (ca.1790-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|RJA| State \ Rajputana \ Rajastan | (-RJ)
;IN|RJL| State \ Rajpipla (1340-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|RKH| Region \ Rohilkhand | (IIK,-UP)
;IN|RNN| State \ Nandgaon (1833-1948) | (-CT)
;IN|RPU| City \ Shorapur \ Surapura, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-KA)
;IN|RTM| Region \ Ratlam (1652-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;--|S -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|S09| Region \ Division \ Meerut | (ex-M3)
;IN|S14| Region \ Division \ South Manipur | (ex-S5)
;IN|S23| Region \ Division \ Sagar | (ex-S5)
;IN|S32| Region \ Division \ South Kerala | (ex-S5)
;IN|S33| Region \ Division \ South Tamil Nadu | (ex-S5)
;IN|SAI| State \ Sailana \ Shailana (1736-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|SHV| State \ Narwar \ Shivpuri | (IPS,-MP)
;IN|SIO| State \ Sirohi (1405-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN|SIU| State \ Sirmur \ Sirmaur \ Sirmour \ Sirmoor (1621-1948) \ Nahan Kingdom (1095-1621) | (IIK,IPS,-HP)
;IN;PK|SKE| Kingdom \ Sikh Empire (1799-1849) | (IIK,PK)
;IN|SKK| Kingdom \ State \ Sikkim (1642-1975) | (IIK,-SK)
;IN|SLB| Region \ Salumbar(r), Mewar Feudatory | (-RJ)
;IN|SNT| State \ Sunth \ Sant(-Rampur) (1255-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|SPU| State \ Shahpur(a) (1629-1949), Mewar Feudatory | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN;DK|SRP| Region \ Serampore \ Frederiksnagore (1755-1845,INB:-) | (IDK,-WB)
;IN|STU| State \ Sitamau (1701-1948) | (IPS,-MP)
;IN;FR|STV| Region \ Surat (1667-1720) | (INF,-GJ)
;INM|SUD| Dynasty \ Sur dynasty (1532-1556)
;IN|SVG| Kingdom \ Lesser Marava \ Estate of Sivaganga (1725-1947) | (IIK,-TN)
;--|T -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|T01| Person \ Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq (1320-1325)
;IN|T02| Person \ Muhammad bin Tughluq (1325-1351)
;IN|T03| Person \ Firuz Shah Tughlaq (1351-1388)
;IN|T04| Person \ Tughluq Khan (1388-1389)
;IN|T05| Person \ Abu Bakr Shah (1389-1390)
;IN|T06| Person \ Nasir ud din Muhammad Shah III (1390-1393)
;IN|T07| Person \ Ala ud-din Sikandar Shah (1393)
;IN|T08| Person \ Nasir-ud-din Nusrat Shah Tughluq (1394-1398)
;IN|T09| Person \ Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud Shah Tughluq (1394-1413)
;IN|TCO| State \ Travancore-Cochin (1949-1950) | (1949-56) | (-KL)
;IN|TGA| City \ Region \ Telangana (-2014 AP)
;IN|TIL| Region \ Tinnevelly \ Tirunelveli | (IIK,-TN)
;IN|TJV| Kingdom \ Tanjore \ Thanjavur (Nayak) (1532-1673) | (IIK,-TN)
;IN|TLD| Dynasty \ Tughlaq dynasty (1320-1414)
;IN|TNA| City \ Region \ Tamil Nadu (today)
;IN|TOK| State \ Tonk (1806-1949) | (IPS,-RJ)
;IN;DK|TRA| City \ Tranquebar \ Tharangambadi (1620-1845,INB:-) | (IDK,-TN)
;IN|TRP| State \ Tripura \ Hill Tipperah (1809-1949) \ Twipra Kingdom (1431-1733) | (IIK,INM,IPS,-TR)
;IN|TVO| Kingdom \ Travancore (1729-1949) | (IIK,IPS,-TN+-KL)
;--|U -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|U09| Region \ Division \ Mirzapur | (ex-M5)
;IN|UPA| City \ Region \ Uttar Pradesh (today)
;IN|UTA| City \ Region \ Uttarakhand (-2000 UP)
;--|V -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|V06| Region \ Division \ Karnal | (ex-K5)
;IN|V08| Region \ Division \ Kota | (ex-K5)
;IN|V09| Region \ Division \ Moradabad | (ex-M7)
;IN|V10| Region \ Division \ Saran | (ex-S5)
;IN|V23| Region \ Division \ Shahdol | (ex-S7)
;IN|V27| Region \ Division \ Nashik | (ex-N7)
;IN|V36| Region \ Zone \ Charminar
;IN|VIJ| Kingdom \ Vijayanagar(a) (1336-1646) | (IIK,-KA)
;--|W -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|W03| Region \ Division \ Rupnagar | (ex-R5)
;IN|W06| Region \ Division \ Rohtak | (ex-R5)
;IN|W08| Region \ Division \ Udaipur | (ex-U5)
;IN|W09| Region \ Division \ Saharanpur | (ex-S5)
;IN|W10| Region \ Division \ Tirhut | (ex-T5)
;IN|W12| Region \ Division \ Tirap | (ex-T5)
;IN|W18| Region \ Division \ Upper Assam | (ex-U5)
;IN|W19| Region \ Division \ Presidency | (ex-P5)
;IN|W20| Region \ Division \ South Chotanagpur | (ex-S7)
;IN|W22| Region \ Division \ Surguja | (ex-S5)
;IN|W23| Region \ Division \ Ujjain | (ex-U5)
;IN|W24| Region \ Division \ South Gujarat | (ex-S7)
;IN|W27| Region \ Division \ Pune | (ex-P5)
;IN|W33| Region \ Division \ West Tamil Nadu | (ex-W5)
;IN|W36| Region \ Zone \ Jogulamba
;IN|WBG| City \ Region \ West Bengal (today)
;IN|WDH| State \ Wadhwan State (1630-1948) | (IPS,-GJ)
;IN|WPR| City \ Wanaparthy \ Wanparti, Hyderabad Feudatories | (HYB,-TG)
;--|X -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|X09| Region \ Division \ Varanasi | (ex-V5)
;--|Y -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|Y01| Person \ Khizr Khan (1414-1421)
;IN|Y02| Person \ Mubarak Shah (Sayyid dynasty) (1421-1434)
;IN|Y03| Person \ Muhammad Shah (Sayyid dynasty) (1434-1445)
;IN|Y04| Person \ Alam Shah (1445-1451)
;IN;FR|YAN| City \ Region \ Yanaon \ Yanam (1731-1954) | (INF,-PY)
;IN|YID| Dynasty \ Sayyid dynasty (1414-1451)
;--|Z -| - == - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
;IN|ZEB| Authority \ Zebabad \ Sardhana | (INM,IIK,-UP)

- IR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;IR|R(.)=R(os.)| Rosenberg/Grabowski: die dt. Banknoten ab 1871
;IR|THR| City \ Region \ Tehran \ Teheran | (TT750)

- JP : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;JP|E17| Person \ Emperor Richū (400-405)
;JP|E18| Person \ Emperor Hanzei (406-410)
;JP|E19| Person \ Emperor Ingyō (412-453)
;JP|E20| Person \ Emperor Ankō \ Anaho (454-456)
;JP|E21| Person \ Emperor Yūryaku (456-479)
;JP|E22| Person \ Emperor Seinei \ Shiraka (480-484)
;JP|E23| Person \ Emperor Kenzō (485-487)
;JP|E24| Person \ Emperor Ninken (488-498)
;JP|E25| Person \ Emperor Buretsu (499-507)
;JP|E26| Person \ Emperor Keitai (507-531)
;JP|E27| Person \ Emperor Ankan \ Magari (531-536)
;JP|E28| Person \ Emperor Senka \ Hinokuma-no-takata (536-539)
;JP|E29| Person \ Emperor Kinmei (539-571)
;JP|E30| Person \ Emperor Bidatsu (572-585)
;JP|E31| Person \ Emperor Yōmei (585-587)
;JP|E32| Person \ Emperor Sushun \ Hatsusebe (587-592)
;JP|E33| Person \ Empress Suiko \ Nukatabe (592-628)
;JP|E34| Person \ Emperor Jomei \ Tamura (629-641)
;JP|E35| Person \ Empress Kōgyoku \ (1.) Takara (642-645)
;JP|E36| Person \ Emperor Kōtoku \ Karu (645-654)
;JP|E36A| Period \ Taika (645-650)
;JP|E36B| Period \ Hakuchi (650-654)
;JP|E37| Person \ Empress Saimei \ (2.) Takara (655-661)
;JP|E38| Person \ Emperor Tenji \ Kazuraki (661-672)
;JP|E39| Person \ Emperor Kōbun \ Ōtomo (671-672)
;JP|E40| Period \ Shuchō \ Suchō \ Akamitori \ Akamidori \ Person \ Emperor Tenmu \ Ōama (673-686)
;JP|E41| Person \ Empress Jitō \ Uno-no-sarara (686-697)
;JP|E42| Person \ Emperor Monmu \ Karu (697-707)
;JP|E42A| Period \ Taihō (701-704)\ Daihō
;JP|E42B| Period \ Keiun (704-708) \ Kyōun
;JP|E43| Period \ Wadō \ Person \ Empress Genmei \ Ahe (707-715)
;JP|E44| Person \ Empress Genshō \ Hidaka (715-724)
;JP|E44A| Period \ Reiki (715-717)
;JP|E44B| Period \ Yōrō (717-724)
;JP|E45| Person \ Emperor Shōmu \ Obito (724-749)
;JP|E45A| Period \ Jinki (724-729)
;JP|E45B| Period \ Tenpyō (729-749) \ Tenbyō \ Tenhei
;JP|E45C| Period \ Tenpyō-kanpō (749) \ Tenbyō-kanpō \ Tenhei-kanpō
;JP|E46| Person \ Empress Kōken \ (1.) Abe (749-758)
;JP|E46A| Period \ Tenpyō-shōhō (749-757) \ Tenbyō-shōhō \ Tenpei-shōhō
;JP|E46B| Period \ Tenpyō-hōji (757-765) \ Tenbyō-hōji \ Tenpei-hōji
;JP|E47| Person \ Emperor Junnin \ Ōi (758-764)
;JP|E48| Person \ Empress Shōtoku \ (2.) Abe (764-770)
;JP|E48A| Period \ Tenpyō-jingo (-765-767) \ Tenbyō-jingo \ Tenhei-jingo
;JP|E48B| Period \ Jingo-keiun (767-770)
;JP|E49| Period \ Hōki \ Person \ Emperor Kōnin \ Shirakabe (770-781)
;JP|E50| Person \ Emperor Kanmu \ Yamabe (781-806)
;JP|E50A| Period \ Ten'ō (781-782)
;JP|E50B| Period \ Enryaku (782-806)
;JP|E51| Period \ Daidō \ Person \ Emperor Heizei \ Ate (806-809)
;JP|E52| Period \ Kōnin \ Person \ Emperor Saga \ Kamino (809-823)
;JP|E53| Period \ Tenchō \ Person \ Emperor Junna \ Ōtomo (823-833)
;JP|E54| Person \ Emperor Ninmyō \ Masara (833-850)
;JP|E54A| Period \ Jōwa (834-848) \ Shōwa \ Sōwa
;JP|E54B| Period \ Kashō (848-851) \ Kajō
;JP|E55| Person \ Emperor Montoku \ Michiyasu (850-858)
;JP|E55A| Period \ Ninju (851-854)
;JP|E55B| Period \ Saikō (854-857)
;JP|E55C| Period \ Ten'an (857-859) \ Tennan
;JP|E56| Period \ Jōgan \ Person \ Emperor Seiwa \ Korehito (858-876)
;JP|E57| Period \ Gangyō \ Gankyō \ Genkei \ Person \ Emperor Yōzei \ Sadaakira (876-884)
;JP|E58| Period \ Ninna \ Ninwa \ Person \ Emperor Kōkō \ Tokiyasu (884-887)
;JP|E59| Period \ Kanpyō \ Kanpei \ Kanbyō \ Kanbei \ Kanhei \ Person \ Emperor Uda \ Sadami (887-897)
;JP|E60| Person \ Emperor Daigo \ Atsuhito (897-930)
;JP|E60A| Period \ Shōtai (898-901)
;JP|E60B| Period \ Engi (901-923)
;JP|E60C| Period \ Enchō (923-931)
;JP|E61| Person \ Emperor Suzaku \ Yutaakira (930-946)
;JP|E61A| Period \ Jōhei (931-938) \ Shōhei
;JP|E61B| Period \ Tengyō (938-947) \ Tenkei \ Tenkyō
;JP|E62| Person \ Emperor Murakami \ Nariakira (946-967)
;JP|E62A| Period \ Tenryaku (947-957) \ Tenreki
;JP|E62B| Period \ Tentoku (957-961)
;JP|E62C| Period \ Ōwa (961-964)
;JP|E62D| Period \ Kōhō (964-968)
;JP|E63| Period \ Anna \ Anwa \ Person \ Emperor Reizei \ Norihira (967-969)
;JP|E64| Person \ Emperor En'yū \ Morihira (969-984)
;JP|E64A| Period \ Tenroku (970-974)
;JP|E64B| Period \ Ten'en (974-976)
;JP|E64C| Period \ Jōgen (976-978) \ Teigen
;JP|E64D| Period \ Tengen (978-983)
;JP|E64E| Period \ Eikan (983-985) \ Yōkan
;JP|E65| Period \ Kanna \ Kanwa \ Person \ Emperor Kazan \ Morosada (984-986)
;JP|E66| Person \ Emperor Ichijō \ Kanehito (986-1011)
;JP|E66A| Period \ Eien (987-989) \ Yōen
;JP|E66B| Period \ Eiso (989-990) \ Yōso
;JP|E66C| Period \ Shōryaku (990-995) \ Jōryaku \ Shōreki
;JP|E66D| Period \ Chōtoku (995-999) \ Jōryaku \ Shōreki
;JP|E66E| Period \ Chōhō (999-1004)
;JP|E66F| Period \ Kankō (1004-1012)
;JP|E67| Period \ Chōwa \ Person \ Emperor Sanjō \ Okisada \ Iyasada (1011-1016)
;JP|E68| Person \ Emperor Go-Ichijō \ Atsuhira (1016-1036)
;JP|E68A| Period \ Kannin (1017-1021)
;JP|E68B| Period \ Jian (1021-1024) \ Chian
;JP|E68C| Period \ Manju (1024-1028)
;JP|E68D| Period \ Chōgen (1028-1037)
;JP|E69| Person \ Emperor Go-Suzaku \ Atsunaga \ Atsuyoshi (1036-1045)
;JP|E69A| Period \ Chōryaku (1037-1040) \ Chōreki
;JP|E69B| Period \ Chōkyū (1040-1044)
;JP|E69C| Period \ Kantoku (1044-1046)
;JP|E70| Person \ Emperor Go-Reizei \ Chikahito (1045-1068)
;JP|E70A| Period \ Eishō (1046-1053) \ Eijō \ Yōjō
;JP|E70B| Period \ Tengi (1053-1058) \ Tenki
;JP|E70C| Period \ Kōhei (1058-1065)
;JP|E70D| Period \ Jiryaku (1065-1069) \ Chiryaku
;JP|E71| Period \ Enkyū \ Person \ Emperor Go-Sanjō \ Takahito (1068-1073)
;JP|E72| Person \ Emperor Shirakawa \ Sadahito (1073-1087)
;JP|E72A| Period \ Jōhō (1074-1077) \ Shōhō \ Shōho
;JP|E72B| Period \ Jōryaku (1077-1081) \ Shōryaku \ Shōreki
;JP|E72C| Period \ Eihō (1081-1084) \ Yōhō
;JP|E72D| Period \ Ōtoku (1084-1087)
;JP|E73| Person \ Emperor Horikawa \ Taruhito (1087-1107)
;JP|E73A| Period \ Kanji (1087-1094)
;JP|E73B| Period \ Kahō (1094-1096)
;JP|E73C| Period \ Eichō (1096-1097) \ Yōchō
;JP|E73D| Period \ Jōtoku (1097-1099) \ Shōtoku
;JP|E73E| Period \ Kōwa (1099-1104)
;JP|E73F| Period \ Chōji (1104-1106)
;JP|E73G| Period \ Kajō (1106-1108)
;JP|E74| Person \ Emperor Toba \ Munehito (1107-1123)
;JP|E74A| Period \ Tennin (1108-1110)
;JP|E74B| Period \ Ten'ei (1110-1113) \ Ten'yō
;JP|E74C| Period \ Eikyu (1113-1118) \ Yōkyū
;JP|E74D| Period \ Gen'ei (1118-1120) \ Gen'yō
;JP|E74E| Period \ Hoan (1120-1124)
;JP|E75| Person \ Emperor Sutoku \ Akihito (1123-1142)
;JP|E75A| Period \ Tenji (1124-1126) \ Tenchi
;JP|E75B| Period \ Daiji (1126-1131) \ Taiji
;JP|E75C| Period \ Tenshō (1131-1132) \ Tenjō
;JP|E75D| Period \ Chōshō (1132-1135) \ Chōjō
;JP|E75E| Period \ Hōen (1135-1141)
;JP|E75F| Period \ Eiji (1141-1142)
;JP|E76| Person \ Emperor Konoe \ Narihito (1142-1155)
;JP|E76A| Period \ Kōji (1142-1144)
;JP|E76B| Period \ Ten'yō (1144-1145) \ Tennyō
;JP|E76C| Period \ Kyūan (1145-1151)
;JP|E76D| Period \ Ninpei (1151-1154) \ Ninpyō \ Ninbyō \ Ninhyō \ Ninhei
;JP|E76E| Period \ Kyūju (1154-1156)
;JP|E77| Period \ Hōgen \ Hogen \ Person \ Emperor Go-Shirakawa \ Masahito (1155-1158)
;JP|E78| Person \ Emperor Nijō \ Morihito (1158-1165)
;JP|E78A| Period \ Heiji (1159-1160) \ Byōji
;JP|E78B| Period \ Eiryaku (1160-1161) \ Yōryaku
;JP|E78C| Period \ Ōhō (1161-1163) \ Ōpō
;JP|E78D| Period \ Chōkan (1163-1165) \ Chōgan
;JP|E78E| Period \ Eiman (1165-1166) \ Yōman
;JP|E79| Period \ Nin'an \ Ninnan \ Person \ Emperor Rokujō \ Yorihito (1165-1168)
;JP|E80| Person \ Emperor Takakura \ Norihito (1168-1180)
;JP|E80A| Period \ Kaō (1169-1171)
;JP|E80B| Period \ Jōan (1171-1175) \ Shōan
;JP|E80C| Period \ Angen (1175-1177)
;JP|E80D| Period \ Jishō (1177-1181) \ Jijō \ Chishō
;JP|E81| Person \ Emperor Antoku \ Tokihito (1180-1185)
;JP|E81A| Period \ Yōwa (1181-1182)
;JP|E81B| Period \ Juei (1182-1185)
;JP|E82| Person \ Emperor Go-Toba \ Takahira (1183-1198)
;JP|E82A| Period \ Juei (1183-1184)
;JP|E82B| Period \ Genryaku (1184-1185)
;JP|E82C| Period \ Bunji (1185-1190) \ Monchi
;JP|E82D| Period \ Kenkyū (1190-1199)
;JP|E83| Person \ Emperor Tsuchimikado \ Tamehito (1198-1210)
;JP|E83A| Period \ Shōji (1199-1201) \ Shōchi
;JP|E83B| Period \ Kennin (1201-1204)
;JP|E83C| Period \ Genkyū (1204-1206)
;JP|E83D| Period \ Ken'ei (1206-1207) \  Ken'yō
;JP|E83E| Period \ Jōgen (1207-1211) \  Shōgen
;JP|E84| Person \ Emperor Juntoku \ Morihira \ Morinari (1210-1221)
;JP|E84A| Period \ Kenryaku (1211-1213) \ Kenreki
;JP|E84B| Period \ Kempo (1213-1219) \ Kenhō
;JP|E84C| Period \ Jōkyū (1219-1222) \ Shōkyū
;JP|E85| Person \ Emperor Chūkyō \ Kanehira \ Kanenari (1221)
;JP|E86| Person \ Emperor Go-Horikawa \ Yutahito (1221-1232)
;JP|E86A| Period \ Jōō (1222-1224) \ Teiō
;JP|E86B| Period \ Gennin (1224-1225)
;JP|E86C| Period \ Karoku (1225-1227)
;JP|E86D| Period \ Antei (1227-1229) \ Anjō
;JP|E86E| Period \ Kangi (1229-1232) \ Kanki
;JP|E86F| Period \ Jōei (1232-1233) \ Teiei
;JP|E87| Person \ Emperor Shijō \ Mitsuhito \ Tosihito (1232-1242)
;JP|E87A| Period \ Tenpuku (1233-1234) \ Tenfuku
;JP|E87B| Period \ Bunryaku (1234-1235) \ Monryaku \ Monreki
;JP|E87C| Period \ Katei (1235-1238)
;JP|E87D| Period \ Ryakunin (1238-1239) \ Rekinin
;JP|E87E| Period \ En'ō (1239-1240) \ Ennō
;JP|E87F| Period \ Ninji (1240-1243) \ Ninchi
;JP|E88| Period \ Kangen \ Person \ Emperor Go-Saga \ Kunihito (1242-1246)
;JP|E89| Person \ Emperor Go-Fukakusa \ Hisahito (1246-1260)
;JP|E89A| Period \ Hōji (1247-1249)
;JP|E89B| Period \ Kenchō (1249-1256)
;JP|E89C| Period \ Kōgen (1256-1257)
;JP|E89D| Period \ Shōka (1257-1259)
;JP|E89E| Period \ Shōgen (1259-1260)
;JP|E90| Person \ Emperor Kameyama \ Tsunehito (1260-1274)
;JP|E90A| Period \ Bun'ō (1260-1261) \ Bunnō
;JP|E90B| Period \ Kōchō (1261-1264)
;JP|E90C| Period \ Bun'ei (1264-1275)
;JP|E91| Person \ Emperor Go-Uda \ Yohito (1274-1287)
;JP|E91A| Period \ Kenji (1275-1278)
;JP|E91B| Period \ Kōan (1278-1288)
;JP|E92| Person \ Emperor Fushimi \ Hirohito (1287-1298)
;JP|E92A| Period \ Shōō (1288-1293)
;JP|E92B| Period \ Einin (1293-1299)
;JP|E93| Period \ Shōan \ Person \ Emperor Go-Fushimi \ Tanehito (1298-1301)
;JP|E94| Person \ Emperor Go-Nijō \ Kuniharu (1301-1308)
;JP|E94A| Period \ Kengen (1302-1303)
;JP|E94B| Period \ Kagen (1303-1306)
;JP|E94C| Period \ Tokuji (1306-1308)
;JP|E95| Person \ Emperor Hanazono \ Tomihito (1308-1318)
;JP|E95A| Period \ Enkyō (1308-1311) \ Engyō \ Enkei
;JP|E95B| Period \ Ōchō (1311-1312)
;JP|E95C| Period \ Shōwa (1312-1317)
;JP|E95D| Period \ Bunpō (1317-1319) \ Bunhō
;JP|E96| Person \ Emperor Go-Daigo \ Takaharu (1318-1339)
;JP|E96A| Period \ Gen'ō (1319-1321) \ Gennō
;JP|E96B| Period \ (1.) Genkō (1321-1324)
;JP|E96C| Period \ Shōchū (1324-1326)
;JP|E96D| Period \ Karyaku (1326-1329)
;JP|E96E| Period \ Gentoku (1329-1332)
;JP|E96F| Period \ (2.) Genkō (1331-1334)
;JP|E96G| Period \ Kenmu (1334-1336) \ Kenbu
;JP|E96H| Period \ Engen (1336-1340)
;JP|E97| Person \ Emperor Go-Murakami \ Norinaga \ Noriyoshi (1339-1368)
;JP|E97A| Period \ Kōkoku (1340-1347)
;JP|E97B| Period \ Shōhei (1347-1370)
;JP|E98| Person \ Emperor Chōkei \ Yutanari (1368-1383)
;JP|E98A| Period \ Kentoku (1370-1372)
;JP|E98B| Period \ Bunchū (1372-1375)
;JP|E98C| Period \ Tenju (1375-1381)
;JP|E98D| Period \ Kōwa (1381-1384)
;JP|E99| Period \ Genchū \ Person \ Emperor Go-Kameyama \ Hironari (1383-1392)
;JP|EA0| Person \ Emperor Go-Komatsu \ Motohito (1392-1412)
;JP|EA0A| Period \ Shitoku (1384-1387)
;JP|EA0B| Period \ Kakei (1387-1389) \ Kakyō
;JP|EA0C| Period \ Kōō (1389-1390)
;JP|EA0D| Period \ Meitoku (1390-1394)
;JP|EA0E| Period \ Ōei (1394-1428)
;JP|EA1| Period \ Schoōchō \ Person \ Emperor Shōkō \ Mihito (1412-1428)
;JP|EA2| Person \ Emperor Go-Hanazono \ Hikohito (1428-1464)
;JP|EA2A| Period \ Eikyō (1429-1441) \ Eikō
;JP|EA2B| Period \ Kakitsu (1441-1444) \ Kakichi
;JP|EA2C| Period \ Bun'an (1444-1449) \ Bunnan
;JP|EA2D| Period \ Hōtoku (1449-1452)
;JP|EA2E| Period \ Kyōtoku (1452-1455)
;JP|EA2F| Period \ Kōshō (1455-1457)
;JP|EA2G| Period \ Chōroku (1457-1460)
;JP|EA2H| Period \ Kanshō (1460-1466)
;JP|EA3| Person \ Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado \ Fusahito (1464-1500)
;JP|EA3A| Period \ Bunshō (1466-1467) \ Monshō
;JP|EA3B| Period \ Ōnin (1467-1469)
;JP|EA3C| Period \ Bunmei (1469-1487)
;JP|EA3D| Period \ Chōkyō (1487-1489)
;JP|EA3E| Period \ Entoku (1489-1492)
;JP|EA3F| Period \ Meiō (1492-1501)
;JP|EA4| Person \ Emperor Go-Kashiwabara \ Katsuhito (1500-1526)
;JP|EA4A| Period \ Bunki (1501-1504)
;JP|EA4B| Period \ Eishō (1504-1521)
;JP|EA4C| Period \ Daiei (1521-1528)
;JP|EA5| Person \ Emperor Go-Nara \ Tomohito (1526-1557)
;JP|EA5A| Period \ Kyōroku (1528-1532)
;JP|EA5B| Period \ Tenbun (1532-1555) \ Tenmon
;JP|EA5C| Period \ Kōji (1555-1558)
;JP|EA6| Person \ Emperor Ōgimachi \ Michihito (1557-1586)
;JP|EA6A| Period \ Eiroku (1558-1570) \ Yōroku
;JP|EA6B| Period \ Genki (1570-1573)
;JP|EA6C| Period \ Tenshō (1573-1592)
;JP|EA7| Person \ Emperor Go-Yōzei \ Kazuhito \ Katahito (1586-1611)
;JP|EA7A| Period \ Bunroku (1592-1596)
;JP|EA7B| Period \ Keichō (1596-1615) \ Kyōchō
;JP|EA8| Person \ Emperor Go-Mizunoo \ Kotohito (1611-1629)
;JP|EA8A| Period \ Genna (1615-1624) \ Genwa
;JP|EA8B| Period \ Kan'ei (1624-1644)
;JP|EA9| Person \ Empress Meishō \ Okiko (1629-1643)
;JP|EB0| Person \ Emperor Go-Kōmyō \ Tsuguhito (1643-1654)
;JP|EB0A| Period \ Shōhō (1645-1648)
;JP|EB0B| Period \ Keian (1648-1652) \ Kyōan
;JP|EB0C| Period \ Jōō (1652-1655) \ Shōō
;JP|EB1| Person \ Emperor Go-Sai \ Nagahito (1655-1663)
;JP|EB1A| Period \ Meireki (1655-1658)
;JP|EB1B| Period \ Manji (1658-1661)
;JP|EB1C| Period \ Kanbun (1661-1673)
;JP|EB2| Person \ Emperor Reigen \ Satohito (1663-1687)
;JP|EB2A| Period \ Enpō (1673-1681) \ Enhō
;JP|EB2B| Period \ Tenna (1681-1684) \ Tenwa
;JP|EB2C| Period \ Jōkyō (1684-1688)
;JP|EB3| Person \ Emperor Higashiyama \ Asahito \ Tomohito (1687-1709)
;JP|EB3A| Period \ Genroku (1688-1704)
;JP|EB3B| Period \ Hōei (1704-1711)
;JP|EB4| Person \ Emperor Nakamikado \ Yasuhito \ Yoshihito (1709-1735)
;JP|EB4A| Period \ Shōtoku (1711-1716)
;JP|EB4B| Period \ Kyōhō (1716-1736)
;JP|EB5| Person \ Emperor Sakuramachi \ Akihito (1735-1747)
;JP|EB5A| Period \ Genbun (1736-1741)
;JP|EB5B| Period \ Kanpō (1741-1744) \ Kanhō
;JP|EB5C| Period \ Enkyō (1744-1748)
;JP|EB6| Person \ Emperor Momozono \ Toohito (1747-1762)
;JP|EB6A| Period \ Kan'en (1748-1751)
;JP|EB6B| Period \ Hōreki (1751-1764) \ Hōryaku
;JP|EB7| Period \ Meiwa \ Myōwa \ Person \ Empress Go-Sakuramachi \ Toshiko (1762-1771)
;JP|EB8| Period \ An'ei \  Person \ Emperor Go-Momozono \ Hidehito (1771-1779)
;JP|EB9| Person \ Emperor Kōkaku \ Morohito (1780-1817)
;JP|EB9A| Period \ Tenmei (1781-1789)
;JP|EB9B| Period \ Kansei (1789-1801)
;JP|EB9C| Period \ Kyōwa (1801-1804)
;JP|EB9D| Period \ Bunka (1804-1818)
;JP|EC0| Person \ Emperor Ninkō \ Ayahito (1817-1846)
;JP|EC0A| Period \ Bunsei (1818-1830)
;JP|EC0B| Period \ Tenpō (1830-1844) \ Tenhō
;JP|EC0C| Period \ Kōka (1844-1848)
;JP|EC1| Person \ Emperor Kōmei \ Osahito (1846-1867)
;JP|EC1A| Period \ Kaei (1848-1854)
;JP|EC1B| Period \ Ansei (1854-1860)
;JP|EC1C| Period \ Man'en (1860-1861)
;JP|EC1D| Period \ Bunkyū (1861-1864)
;JP|EC1E| Period \ Genji (1864-1865)
;JP|EC1F| Period \ Keiō (1865-1868)
;JP|EC2| Period \ Person \ Emperor Meiji \ Mutsuhito (1867-1912)
;JP|EC3| Period \ Person \ Emperor Taishō \ Yoshihito (1912-1926)
;JP|EC4| Period \ Person \ Emperor Shōwa \ Hirohito (1926-1989)
;JP|EC5| Period \ Hesei \ Person \ Akihito (1989-2019)
;JP|EC6| Period \ Reiwa \ Person \ Naruhito (2019-)
;JP|NC1| Period \ Shōkyō \ Person \ Emperor Kōgon (1331-1333)
;JP|NC2| Person \ Emperor Kōmyō (1336-1348)
;JP|NC2A| Period \ Kenmu (1336-1338) \ Kenbu
;JP|NC2B| Period \ Ryakuō (1338-1342) \ Rekiō
;JP|NC2C| Period \ Kōei (1342-1345)
;JP|NC2D| Period \ Jōwa (1345-1350) \ Teiwa
;JP|NC3| Period \ Kannō \ Kan'ō \ Person \ Emperor Sukō (1348-1351)
;JP|NC4| Person \ Emperor Go-Kōgon (1352-1371)
;JP|NC4A| Period \ Bunna (1352-1356) \ Bunwa
;JP|NC4B| Period \ Enbun (1356-1361)
;JP|NC4C| Period \ Kōan (1361-1362)
;JP|NC4D| Period \ Jōji (1362-1368) \ Teiji
;JP|NC4E| Period \ Oan (1368-1375)
;JP|NC5| Person \ Emperor Go-En'yū (1371-1382)
;JP|NC5A| Period \ Eiwa (1375-1379)
;JP|NC5B| Period \ Kōryaku (1379-1381)
;JP|NC5C| Period \ Eitoku (1381-1384)
;JP|NC6| Person \ Emperor Go-Komatsu \ Motohito (1392-1412) | (-> EA0)
;JP|NDA(.)?=(J)NDA(.)| Catalog of Japanese Coins and Banknotes by Japan Numismatic Dealers Association

- KP : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;KP;KR|KRO| Period \ Kingdom of Goryeo (918-1392) \ Joseon Kingdom (1392-1897) \ Korean Empire (1897-1910)
;KP|PYO| City \ Pyongyang | (FNJ,TT575)

- KR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;KR|KG| Region \ Gyeonggido \ Kyonggido (41)
;KR|KJ=K(W)J| City \ Region \ Gwangju (29) | (TT385)
;KR;KP|KRO| Period \ Kingdom of Goryeo (918-1392) \ Joseon Kingdom (1392-1897) \ Korean Empire (1897-1910)
;KR|PU=PU(S)| City \ Region \ Busan (26) | (TT100)
;KR|SO=SO(X)| City \ Region \ Seoul (11) | (SEL,TT800)
;KR|TG=TG(U)| City \ Region \ Daegu (27) | (TAE,TT220)
;KR|TJ=TJ(N)| City \ Region \ Daejeon (30) | (TT225)
;KR|UIJ| City \ Uijeongbu (KG) | (TT895)
;KR|YNG| City \ Yongin (KG) | (TT950)

- KRO : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KRO|W01| Person \ Wang Geon \ Taejo (918-943)
KRO|W02| Person \ Wang Mu \ Hyejong \ (943-945)
KRO|W03| Person \ Wang Yo \ Jeongjong (945-949)
KRO|W04| Person \ Wang So \ Gwangjong (949-975)
KRO|W05| Person \ Wang Ju \ Gyeongjong (975-981)
KRO|W06| Person \ Wang Chi \ Seongjong (981-997)
KRO|W07| Person \ Wang Song \ Mokjong (997-1009)
KRO|W08| Person \ Wang Sun \ Hyeonjong (1009-1031)
KRO|W09| Person \ Wang Heum \ Deokjong (1031-1034)
KRO|W10| Person \ Wang Hyeong \ Jeongjong (1034-1046)
KRO|W11| Person \ Wang Hwi \ Munjong (1046-1083)
KRO|W12| Person \ Wang Hun \ Sunjong (1083)
KRO|W13| Person \ Wang Un \ Seonjong (1083-1094)
KRO|W14| Person \ Wang Uk \ Heonjong (1094-1095)
KRO|W15| Person \ Wang Ong \ Sukjong (1095-1105)
KRO|W16| Person \ Wang U \ Yejong (1105-1122)
KRO|W17| Person \ Wang Hae \ Injong (1122-1146)
KRO|W18| Person \ Wang Hyeon \ Uijong (1146-1170)
KRO|W19| Person \ Wang Ho \ Myeongjong (1170-1197)
KRO|W20| Person \ Wang Tak \ Sinjong (1197-1204)
KRO|W21| Person \ Wang Yeong \ Huijong (1204-1211)
KRO|W22| Person \ Wang O \ Gangjong (1211-1213)
KRO|W23| Person \ Wang Cheol \ Gojong (1213-1259)
KRO|W24| Person \ Wang Sik \ Wonjong (1259-1274)
KRO|W25| Person \ Wang Geo \ Chungnyeol (1274-98,98-1308)
KRO|W26| Person \ Wang Jang \ Chungseon (1298,1308-13)
KRO|W27| Person \ Wang Do \ Chungsuk (1313-30,32-39)
KRO|W28| Person \ Wang Jeong \ Chunghye (1330-32,39-44)
KRO|W29| Person \ Wang Heun \ Chungmok (1344-1348)
KRO|W30| Person \ Wang Jeo \ Chungjeong (1348-1351)
KRO|W31| Person \ Wang Jeon \ Gongmin (1351-1374)
KRO|W32| Person \ Wang U \ U (1374-1388)
KRO|W33| Person \ Wang Chang \ Chang (1388-1389)
KRO|W34| Person \ Wang Yo \ Gongyang (1389-1392)
KRO|Y01| Person \ Yi Seong-gye \ Taejo (1392-1398)
KRO|Y02| Person \ Yi Bang-gwa \ Jeongjong (1398-1400)
KRO|Y03| Person \ Yi Bang-won \ Taejong (1400-1418)
KRO|Y04| Person \ Yi Do \ Sejong (1418-1450)
KRO|Y05| Person \ Yi Hyang \ Munjong (1450-1452)
KRO|Y06| Person \ Yi Hong-wi \ Danjong (1452-1455)
KRO|Y07| Person \ Yi Yu \ Sejo (1455-1468)
KRO|Y08| Person \ Yi Hwang \ Yejong (1468-1469)
KRO|Y09| Person \ Yi Hyeol \ Seongjong (1469-1494)
KRO|Y10| Person \ Yi Yung \ Yeonsangun (1494-1506)
KRO|Y11| Person \ Yi Yeok \ Jungjong (1506-1544)
KRO|Y12| Person \ Yi Ho \ Injong (1544-1545)
KRO|Y13| Person \ Yi Hwan \ Myeongjong (1545-1567)
KRO|Y14| Person \ Yi Yeon \ Seonjo (1567-1608)
KRO|Y15| Person \ Yi Hon \ Gwanghaegun (1608-1623)
KRO|Y16| Person \ Yi Jong \ Injo (1623-1649)
KRO|Y17| Person \ Yi Ho \ Hyojong (1649-1659)
KRO|Y18| Person \ Yi Yeon \ Hyeonjong (1659-1674)
KRO|Y19| Person \ Yi Sun \ Sukjong (1674-1720)
KRO|Y20| Person \ Yi Yun \ Gyeongjong (1720-1724)
KRO|Y21| Person \ Yi Geum \ Yeongjo (1724-1776)
KRO|Y22| Person \ Yi San \ Jeongjo (1776-1800)
KRO|Y23| Person \ Yi Gong \ Sunjo (1800-1834)
KRO|Y24| Person \ Yi Hwan \ Heonjong (1834-1849)
KRO|Y25| Person \ Yi Byeon \ Cheoljong (1849-1863)
KRO|Y26| Person \ Yi Myeong-bok \ Gojong (1863-1897)

- KZ : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;KZ|ALA| City \ Region \ Almaty | (TT050)
;KZ;RU|KYH| City \ Kandyagash \ Oktyabrsk | (KZ,TT620)
;KZ|UKK| City \ Öskemen \ Ust-Kamenogorsk | (TT575)

- LY : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;LY;DE|GLI=G.LI| Libyen (dt. Besetzung)

- MM : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;MM;IN|RAK| Kingdom \ Kingdom of Mrauk-U \ Arakan (1429-1785) \ Rakhine (today) | (IIK,MM)

- MV : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;MV|AD1| Person \ Sultan Abdullah I (1374-1376)
;MV|AD2| Person \ Sultan Abdullah II (1388:1)
;MV|AH0| Person \ Sultan Audha (1269-1278)
;MV|AI1| Person \ Sultan Ali I (1185-1193)
;MV|AI2| Person \ Sultan Ali II (1493-1495)
;MV|AI3| Person \ Sultan Ali III (1513)
;MV|AI4| Person \ Sultan Ali IV (1557-1558)
;MV|AI5| Person \ Sultan Ali V (1701:1)
;MV|AK1| Person \ Sultan Aboobakuru I (1443)
;MV|AK2| Person \ Sultan Aboobakuru II (1554-1557)
;MV|AM0| Person \ Sultan Aima (1264-1266)
;MV|AN1| Person \ Sultana Amina I (1753-1754)
;MV|AN2| Person \ Sultana Amina II (1757-1759)
;MV|AS0| Person \ Sultan Ahmed Shihabuddine (1341-1347)
;MV|AT0| Person \ King Mahaabarana Adeettiya (1117-1141) \ (Koimala)
;MV|DA0| Person \ Sultana Dhaain (1385-1388)
;MV|DD0| Person \ Sultan Davud (1302-1307)
;MV|DGD| Dynasty \ Dhiyamigili dynasty (1704-1759)
;MV|DH0| Person \ Sultan Dhihei (1199-1214)
;MV|DJ0| Person \ King Dom João (1583-1603)
;MV|DM0| Person \ Sultan Danna Mohamed (1421:2)
;MV|DL0(?)| Person \ King Dom Manoel (A:1558-1573,B:1573-1583) \ (former Sultan Hassan IX)
;MV|DN0| Person \ Sultan Dhinei (1193-1199)
;MV|DP0| Person \ King Dom Philippe (1603-1632)
;MV|DV0(?)| Person \ King \ Sultan Dhovemi (K:1141-1153,S:1153-1166)
;MV|FD0| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Fareed Didi (1954-1968)
;MV|H10| Person \ Sultan Hasan X (1701:2)
;MV|HH0| Person \ Sultan Hudhei (1258-1264)
;MV|HL1| Person \ Sultan Hali I  (1266-1268)
;MV|HL2| Person \ Sultan Hali II (1278-1288)
;MV|HLD| Dynasty \ Hilaalee dynasty (1388-1552,1554-1573,1573-1632)
;MV|HN1| Person \ Sultan Hassan Nooraddeen I (1779-1799)
;MV|HN2| Person \ Sultan Hassan Nooraddeen II (1935-1943)
;MV|HRD| Dynasty \ Huraa dynasty (1759-1766,1774-1943,1954-1968)
;MV|HS1| Person \ Sultan Hassan I (1388-1398)
;MV|HS2| Person \ Sultan Hassan II (1411:1)
;MV|HS3(?)| Person \ Sultan Hassan III (A:1443-1467,B:1467-1468)
;MV|HS4(?)| Person \ Sultan Hassan IV (A:1480,B:1485-1491)
;MV|HS5| Person \ Sultan Hassan V (1484-1485)
;MV|HS6| Person \ Sultan Hassan VI (1491-1492)
;MV|HS7| Person \ Sultan Hassan VII (1510-1511)
;MV|HS8| Person \ Sultan Hassan VIII (1529-1549)
;MV|HS9| Person \ Sultan Hassan IX (1551-1552)
;MV|HU1| Person \ Sultan Hussain I (1398-1409)
;MV|HWD| Dynasty \ Hamawi dynasty (1692)
;MV|HZ0| Person \ Sultan Hasan 'Izz ud-din (1759-1766)
;MV|IA0| Person \ Sultan Isa (1411:2)
;MV|IH1(?)| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim I (A:1398,B:1411-1421)
;MV|IH2| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim II (1492:1)
;MV|IHD| Dynasty \ Isdhoo dynasty (1692-1704)
;MV|II1| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar I (1648-1687)
;MV|II2| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar II (1720-1750)
;MV|IM0| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim Mudzhiruddine (1701-1704)
;MV|IN0(?)| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim Nooraddeen (A:1882-1886,B:1888-1892)
;MV|IR1| Period \ 1.Interregnum (1552-1554)
;MV|IR2| Period \ 2.Interregnum (1573)
;MV|IR3| Period \ 3.Interregnum (1944-1952)
;MV|KD0| Person \ Sultan Kuda Muhammad (1687-1691)
;MV|KI0| Person \ Sultan Keimi (1268-1269)
;MV|KJ0(?)| Person \ Sultana Khadijah (A:1347-1363,B:1364-1374,C:1376-1380)
;MV|KL0(?)| Person \ Sultan Kalu Mohamed (A:1492:2,B:1495-1510,C:1513-1529)
;MV|LTD| Dynasty \ Lunar dynasty \ Theemuge dynasty (1117-1153-1388)
;MV|MG0| Person \ Sultan Muhammed Ghiya'as ud-din (1766-1774)
;MV|MI1| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin I (1620-1648)
;MV|MI2| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin II (1704-1720)
;MV|MI3| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaduddin III (1750-1757)
;MV|MI4| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaaduddeen IV (1835-1882)
;MV|MI5| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaaduddeen V (1892-1893)
;MV|MI6| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Imaaduddeen VI (1893-1902)
;MV|MJ0| Person \ Sultan Mohamed el-Jameel (1363-1364)
;MV|MM1| Person \ Sultan Mohamed I (1380-1385)
;MV|MM2| Person \ Sultan Mohamed II (1468-1480)
;MV|MM3| Person \ Sultan Mohamed III (1549-1551)
;MV|MM4| Person \ Sultan Mohamed IV (1692-1701)
;MV|MS1| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Shamsuddeen I (1692)
;MV|MS2| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Shamsuddeen II (1774)
;MV|MS3(?)| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Shamsuddeen III (A:1893,B:1902-1934)
;MV|MT0| Person \ Sultan Muthey (1166-1185)
;MV|MU1| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Mueenuddeen I (1799-1835)
;MV|MU2| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Mueenuddeen II (1886-1888)
;MV|MY0| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Mohyeddine (1691-1692)
;MV|MZ0| Person \ Sultan Muhammad Mu'iz ud-din (1774-1779)
;MV|NR0| Person \ Sultan Nasiruddine (1409-1411)
;MV|ON1| Person \ Sultan Osman I (1388:2)
;MV|ON2| Person \ Sultan Osman II (1421)
;MV|OR1| Person \ Sultan Omar I (1307-1341)
;MV|OR2| Person \ Sultan Omar II (1480-1484)
;MV|RF0| Person \ Sultana Raadhafathi (1380)
;MV|RP1| Period \ 1.Republic of the Maldives (1953-1954)
;MV|RP2| Period \ 2.Republic of the Maldives (1968-)
;MV|SA0| Person \ Sultan Sharif Ahmed (1511-1513)
;MV|SL0| Person \ Sultan Salis (1294-1302)
;MV|SY0| Person \ Sultan Sayyid Mohamed (1467)
;MV|UMD| Dynasty \ Utheemu dynasty (1632-1692)
;MV|VD0| Person \ Sultan Valla Dio (1233-1258)
;MV|WD0| Person \ Sultan Wadi (1214-1233)
;MV|YS1| Person \ Sultan Yoosuf I (1288-1294)
;MV|YS2| Person \ Sultan Yoosuf II (1421-1443)
;MV|YS3| Person \ Sultan Yoosuf III (1492-1493)

- MY : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;MY|KUL| City \ Region \ Kuala Lumpur | (TT420)

- NP : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;NP|K01| Person \ King \ Prithvi Narayan Shah (1768-1775)
;NP|K02| Person \ King \ Pratap Singh Shah (1775-1777)
;NP|K03| Person \ King \ Rana Bahadur Shah (1777-1799)
;NP|K04| Person \ King \ Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah (1799-1816)
;NP|K05| Person \ King \ Rajendra (Bikram Shah) (1816-1847)
;NP|K06| Person \ King \ Surendra (Bikram Shah) (1847-1881)
;NP|K07| Person \ King \ Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah (1881-1911)
;NP|K08| Person \ King \ Tribhuvan (Bir Bikram Shah) (1911-50,51-55)
;NP|K09| Person \ King \ Gyanendra (Bir Bikram Shah) (1950-51,2001-08)
;NP|K10| Person \ King \ Mahendra (Bir Bikram Shah) (1955-1972)
;NP|K11| Person \ King \ Birendra (Bir Bikram Shah) (1972-2001)
;NP|K12| Person \ King \ Dipendra (Bir Bikram Shah) (2001)

- PH : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;PH|AGL| City \ Region \ Angeles | (TT050)
;PH|BUL| City \ Region \ Bulacan | (BUN,TT100)
;PH|ILO| City \ Region \ Iloilo | (TT400)
;PH|MNL| City \ Region \ Manila | (TT500)

- PK : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;PK;IN|AMB| State \ Amb (Tanawal) (-1973) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|BAL| Region \ Balochistan [Baluchistan] | West Pakistan
;PK;IN|BLT| State \ Baltistan [Baltiyul, Nang-mgon, Palolo] (12..-1840) | (PK-GB)
;PK;IN|CJL| State \ Chitral (1590-1969) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|DEA| City \ Dera (Ghazi Khan), Sikh Feudatory | (IIK,PK-PB)
;PK;IN|DIR| State \ Dir (-1969) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|DRJ| Authority \ Derajat \ Dera Ismail Khan (1819-1847) | (IIK,PK-KP+PB)
;PK;IN|DTA| State \ Dheri-Talokar (Jagir) (1752-1979) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|GBL| Region \ Gilgit-Baltistan
;PK;IN|GIL| State \ Gilgit (-1842) | (PK-GB)
;PK;IN|GWD| G(a)wadar [Gwadur] (1793-1958 OM) | (PK-BA)
;PK;IN|HUZ| State \ Hunza (15..-1974) | (PK-GB)
;PK;IN|KBH| State \ Khanate of Kalat (1636-1955) | (IPS,PK-BA)
;PK;IN|KHI| City \ Region \ Karachi (SD) | (PK,TT480)
;PK;IN|KHP| State \ Khayrpur \ Khairpur (1775-1955) | (IPS,PK-SD)
;PK;IN|KHR| State \ Kharan (1697-1955) | (PK-BA)
;PK;IN|KPK| Region \ Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
;PK;IN|KPR| State \ Gakhar (1030-1526-??) and later Khanpur (Jagir) | (PK-PB)
;PK;IN|LSB| State \ (Las) Bela (1742-1955) | (IPS,PK-BA)
;PK;IN|MKR| State \ Makran (-1955) | (PK-BA)
;PK;IN|MLT| City \ Multan | (PK-PB)
;PK;IN|MZJ| City \ Muzaffargarh | (PK-PB)
;PK;IN|NGA| State \ Nagar (13..-1974) | (PK-GB)
;PK;IN|PJB| Region \ (West-)Punjab
;PK;IN|PLR| State \ Phulra (AMB,1828-1950) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|SIK| Kingdom \ Sikh Empire (1799-1849) | (IIK,PK-PB)
;PK;IN|SND| Region \ State \ Sindh (~712-1843)
;PK;IN|SWT| State \ Swat (1849-1969) | (PK-KP)
;PK;IN|TXA| State \ Taxil(l)a (Taksasila)(130BC-565AC) | (PK-PB)
;PK;IN|UMK| State \ Umerkot [Amarkot] (Jagir) | (PK-SD)

- TH : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;TH|A00| Person \ (Khun) Worawongsathirat (1548) \ Khun Chinnarat
;TH|A01| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Uthong (1350-1369) \ (Somdet Phra) Ramathibodi I
;TH|A02(?)| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Ramesuan (king of Ayutthaya) (A:1369-1370;B:1388-1395)
;TH|A03| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Borommarachathirat I (1370-1388) \ Khun Luang Pa Ngua
;TH|A04| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Thong Lan (1388) \ (Chao) Thong Chan
;TH|A05| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Ramrachathirat (1395-1409)
;TH|A06| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Intharacha (-I-) (king of Ayutthaya) (1409-1424) \ Phra Chao Nakhon In
;TH|A07| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Borommarachathirat II (1424-1448) \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Sam Phraya
;TH|A08| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Borommatrailokkanat (1448-1488) \ Trailok
;TH|A09| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Borommarachathirat III (1488-1491) \ Intharacha II
;TH|A10| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Ramathibodi II (1491-1529) \ Chettathirat I
;TH|A11| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Borommarachathirat IV (1529-1533) \ Nor Phutthangkun
;TH|A12| Person \ (Phra) Ratsadathirat (1533)
;TH|A13| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Chairachathirat (1533-1546) \ Phra Chai
;TH|A14| Person \ (Phra) Yotfa (1546-1548) \ Phra Kaeofa
;TH|A15| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Maha Chakkraphat (1548-1564) \ Phra Chao Chang Phueak
;TH|A16| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Mahinthrathirat (1564-1569)
;TH|A17| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Maha Thammaracha (king of Ayutthaya) (1569-1590) \ Sanpet I
;TH|A18| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Naresuan (1590-1605) \ Sanpet II
;TH|A19| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Ekathotsarot (1605-1620) \ Sanpet III
;TH|A20| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Si Saowaphak (1620) \ Sanpet IV
;TH|A21| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Songtham (1620-1628) \ Borommaracha I
;TH|A22| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Chetthathirat (1628-1629) \ Borommaracha II
;TH|A23| Person \ (Phra) Athittayawong (1629)
;TH|A24| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Prasat Thong (1629-1656) \ Sanpet V
;TH|A25| Person \ (Somdet Chaofa) Chai (king of Ayutthaya) (1656) \ Sanpet VI
;TH|A26| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Si Suthammaracha (1656) \ Sanpet VII
;TH|A27| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Narai (1656-1688) \ Ramathibodi III
;TH|A28| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Phetracha (1688-1703)
;TH|A29| Person \ (Somdet Phra) Suriyenthrathibodi (1703-1709) \ Sanpet VIII
;TH|A30| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua) Thai Sa (1709-1733) \ Sanphet IX
;TH|A31| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua) Borommakot (1733-1758)
;TH|A32| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Uthumphon (1758) \ Ramathibodi IV
;TH|A33| Person \ (Somdet Phra Chao) Ekkathat (1758-1767) \ (Phra) Thinang Suriyat Amarin
;TH|AHK| Period \ Ayutthaya Kingdom (1351-1767)
;TH|BKK| City \ Region \ Bangkok (10) | (TT040)
;TH|BLD| Dynasty \ Ban Phlu Luang dynasty (1688-1767)
;TH|CKD| Dynasty \ Chakri dynasty (1782-)
;TH|PRD| Dynasty \ Phra Ruang dynasty (1238-1368)
;TH|PTD| Dynasty \ Prasat Thong dynasty (1629-1688)
;TH|R01| Person \ (Phra) Phutthayotfa Chulalok (1782-1809) \ Rama I
;TH|R02| Person \ (Phra) Phutthaloetla Naphalai (1809-1824) \ Rama II of Siam
;TH|R03| Person \ (Phra) Nang Klao (Chao Yu Hua) (1824-1851) \ Rama III
;TH|R04| Person \ (Maha) Mongkut (1851-1868) \ Rama IV
;TH|R05| Person \ (Maha) Chulalongkorn (1868-1910) \ Rama V
;TH|R06| Person \ (Maha) Vajiravudh (1910-1925) \ Rama VI
;TH|R07| Person \ (Maha) Prajadhipok (1925-1935) \ Rama VII
;TH|R08| Person \ (Maha) Ananda Mahidol(1935-1946) \ Rama VIII
;TH|R09| Person \ (Maha) Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946-2016) \ Rama IX
;TH|R10| Person \ (Maha) Vajiralongkorn (2016-) \ Rama X
;TH|RTK| Period \ Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782-1932)
;TH|S01| Person \ (Pho Khun) Si Inthrathit (1238-1270) \ Bang Klang Haw
;TH|S02| Person \ (Pho Khun) Ban Mueang (1270-1271)
;TH|S03| Person \ (Pho Khun) Ram Khamhaeng (1279-1298) \ Pho Khun Ram Racha
;TH|S04| Person \ (Phaya) Loe Thai (1298-1323)
;TH|S05| Person \ (Phaya) Ngua Nam Thum (1323-1347)
;TH|S06| Person \ (Phra) Maha Thammaracha I (1347-1368) \ (Phaya) Lithai
;TH|S07| Person \ (Phra) Mahathammaracha II (1368-1399) \ (Phaya) Luethai
;TH|S08| Person \ (Phra) Mahathammaracha III (1400-1419) \ (Phaya) Saileuthai
;TH|S09| Person \ (Phra) Mahathammaracha IV (1419-1438) \ (Phaya) Borommapan
;TH|S1D| Dynasty \ 1.Suphannaphum dynasty (1370-1388)
;TH|S2D| Dynasty \ 2.Suphannaphum dynasty (1409-1569)
;TH|SHD| Dynasty \ Sukhothai dynasty (1569-1629)
;TH|SHK| Period \ Sukhothai Kingdom (1238-1583)
;TH|T01| Person \ Taksin (1767-1782)\ Phra Chao Krung Thonburi
;TH|TBD| Dynasty \ Thonburi dynasty (1767-1782)
;TH|TBK| Period \ Thonburi Kingdom (1767-1782)
;TH|U?D| Dynasty \ (1:1350-1370;2:1388-1409). Uthong dynasty

- TR : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;TR|IB=I/T)B| City \ Region \ Istanbul (34) | (IST,TT400)
;TR|IZ=IZ(M)| City \ Region \ Izmir (35) | (TT410)
;TR|S01| Person \ Sultan Osman I (1299-1323)
;TR|S02| Person \ Sultan Orhan (1323-1362)
;TR|S03| Person \ Sultan Murad I (1362-1389)
;TR|S04| Person \ Sultan Bayezid I (1389-1402)
;TR|S05| Person \ Sultan Mehmed I (1413-1421)
;TR|S06(?)| Person \ Sultan Murad II (A:1421-1444;B:1446-1451)
;TR|S07(?)| Person \ Sultan Mehmed II (A:1444-1446,B:1451-1481)
;TR|S08| Person \ Sultan Bayezid II (1481-1512)
;TR|S09| Person \ Sultan Selim I (1512-1520)
;TR|S10| Person \ Sultan Suleiman I (1520-1566)
;TR|S11| Person \ Sultan Selim II (1566-1574)
;TR|S12| Person \ Sultan Murad III (1574-1595)
;TR|S13| Person \ Sultan Mehmed III (1595-1603)
;TR|S14| Person \ Sultan Ahmed I (1603-1617)
;TR|S15(?)| Person \ Sultan Mustafa I (A:1617-1618,B:1622-1623)
;TR|S16| Person \ Sultan Osman II (1618-1622)
;TR|S17| Person \ Sultan Murad IV (1623-1640)
;TR|S18| Person \ Sultan Ibrahim (1640-1648)
;TR|S19| Person \ Sultan Mehmed IV (1648-1687)
;TR|S20| Person \ Sultan Suleiman II (1687-1691)
;TR|S21| Person \ Sultan Ahmed II (1691-1695)
;TR|S22| Person \ Sultan Mustafa II (1695-1703)
;TR|S23| Person \ Sultan Ahmed III (1703-1730)
;TR|S24| Person \ Sultan Mahmud I (1730-1754)
;TR|S25| Person \ Sultan Osman III (1754-1757)
;TR|S26| Person \ Sultan Mustafa III (1757-1774)
;TR|S27| Person \ Sultan Abdülhamid I (1774-1789)
;TR|S28| Person \ Sultan Selim III (1789-1807)
;TR|S29| Person \ Sultan Mustafa IV (1807-1808)
;TR|S30| Person \ Sultan Mahmud II (1808-1839)
;TR|S31| Person \ Sultan Abdülmecid I (1839-1861)
;TR|S32| Person \ Sultan Abdülaziz (1861-1876)
;TR|S33| Person \ Sultan Murad V (1876)
;TR|S34| Person \ Sultan Abdülhamid II (1876-1909)
;TR|S35| Person \ Sultan Mehmed V (1909-1918)
;TR|S36| Person \ Sultan Mehmed VI (1918-1922)

- TW : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;TW;CN|KHH| City \ Region \ Kaohsiung | (TW,TT400)
;TW;CN|TPE| City \ Region \ Taipei | (TW,TT770,TT750)

- UZ : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;UZ|TAS| City \ Region \ Tashkent | (TT700)

- VN : U S E D - A B B R E V I A T I O N S - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

;VN|ANP| Period \ Autonomous period (905-928)
;VN|CDP| Period \ Chinese domination period (1407-1428)
;VN|D01| Person \ Đinh Tiên Hoàng (968-979) \ D. Bộ Lĩnh \ D. Hoàn \ Thái Bình
;VN|D02| Person \ Đinh Phế Đế (979-980) \ D. Toàn \ D. Tuệ \ Thái Bình
;VN|DID| Dynasty \ Đinh dynasty (968-980)
;VN|DNQ| Period \ Dynasty \ Đại Ngu quốc (1400-1406)
;VN|DRV| Period \ Democratic Republic \ North Vietnam (1946-1975)
;VN|EDN| Period \ Empire of Đại Nam (1839-1945)
;VN|ELD| Dynasty \ Early Lê dynasty (980-1009)
;VN|ETD| Dynasty \ Early Trần dynasty (1225-1400)
;VN|EYD| Dynasty \ Early Lý dynasty (544-602)
;VN|FDP| Period \ Feudal period (1527-1777)
;VN|G01| Person \ Ngô Quyền (939-944) \ Tiền Ngô Vương
;VN|G02| Person \ Dương Tam Kha (944-950) \ Dương Bình Vương
;VN|G03A| Person \ Ngô Xương Ngập (951-954) \ Hậu Ngô Vươ
;VN|G03B| Person \ Ngô Xương Văn (950-965) \ Hậu Ngô Vươ
;VN|H01| Person \ Hồ Quý Ly (1400) \ Thánh Nguyên
;VN|H02| Person \ Hồ Hán Thương (1401-1407)
;VN|H02A| Period \ Thiệu Thành (1401-1402)
;VN|H02B| Period \ Khai Đại (1403-1407)
;VN|HOD| Dynasty \ Hồ dynasty (1400-1407)
;VN|IDP| Period \ Independent period (939-1407)
;VN|K01| Person \ (Jiedushi) Khúc Tiên Chủ (905-907) \ Khúc Thừa Dụ
;VN|K02| Person \ (Jiedushi) Khúc Trung Chủ (907-917) \ Khúc Hạo
;VN|K03| Person \ (Jiedushi) Khúc Hậu Chủ (917-930) \ Khúc Thừa Mỹ
;VN|K04| Person \ (Jiedushi) Dương Đình Nghệ (930-937)
;VN|K05| Person \ (Jiedushi) Kiều Công Tiễn (937-938) \ Kiều Công Tiễn
;VN|KDV| Period \ Kingdom of Đại Việt (1802-1804)
;VN|KHC| Dynasty \ Khúc clan (905-938)
;VN|KVN| Period \ Kingdom of Việt Nam (1804-1839)
;VN|L01| Person \ Lê Đại Hành (980-1005) \ Lê Hoàn
;VN|L01A| Period \ Thiên Phúc (980-989)
;VN|L01B| Period \ Hưng Thống (989-993)
;VN|L01C| Period \ Ứng Thiên (994-1005)
;VN|L02| Person \ Lê Trung Tông (1005) \ Lê Long Việt
;VN|L03| Person \ Lê Ngoạ Triều (1005-1009) \ Lê Long Đĩnh \ Cảnh Thụy
;VN|L04| Person \ Lê Thái Tổ (1428-1433) \ Lê Lợi \ Thuận Thiên
;VN|L05| Person \ Lê Thái Tông (1433-1442) \ Lê Nguyên Long
;VN|L05A| Period \ Thiệu Bình (1434-1440)
;VN|L05B| Period \ Đại Bảo (1440-1442)
;VN|L06| Person \ Lê Nhân Tông (1442-1459) \ Lê Bang Cơ
;VN|L06A| Period \ Đại Hòa \ Thái Hòa (1443-1453)
;VN|L06B| Period \ Diên Ninh (1454-1459)
;VN|L07| Person \ Lê Nghi Dân (1459-1460) \ Lệ Đức Hầu \ Thiên Hưng
;VN|L08| Person \ Lê Thánh Tông (1460-1497) \ Lê Tư Thành \ Lê Hạo
;VN|L08A| Period \ Quang Thuận (1460-1469)
;VN|L08B| Period \ Hồng Đức (1470-1497)
;VN|L09| Person \ Lê Hiến Tông (1497-1504) \ Lê Tranh \ Cảnh Thống
;VN|L10| Person \ Lê Túc Tông (1504-1504) \ Lê Thuần \ Thái Trinh
;VN|L11| Person \ Lê Uy Mục (1505-1509) \ Lê Tuấn \ Đoan Khánh
;VN|L12| Person \ Lê Tương Dực (1510-1516) \ Lê Oanh \ Hồng Thuận
;VN|L13| Person \ Lê Quang Trị (1516)
;VN|L14| Person \ Lê Chiêu Tông (1516-1522) \ Lê Y \ Quang Thiệu
;VN|L15| Person \ Lê Bảng (1518-1519) \ Đại Đức
;VN|L16| Person \ Lê Do (1519) \ Thiên Hiến
;VN|L17| Person \ Lê Cung Hoàng (1522-1527) \ Lê Xuân \ Thống Nguyên
;VN|L18| Person \ Lê Trang Tông (1533-1548) \ Lê Duy Ninh \ Nguyên Hòa
;VN|L19| Person \ Lê Trung Tông (1548-1556) \ Lê Huyên \ Thuận Bình
;VN|L20| Person \ Lê Anh Tông (1556-1573) \ Lê Duy Bang
;VN|L20A| Period \ Thiên Hữu (1557)
;VN|L20B| Period \ Chính Trị (1558-1571)
;VN|L20C| Period \ Hồng Phúc (1572-1573)
;VN|L21| Person \ Lê Thế Tông (1573-1599) \ Lê Duy Đàm
;VN|L21A| Period \ Gia Thái (1573-1577)
;VN|L21B| Period \ Quang Hưng (1578-1599)
;VN|L22| Person \ Lê Kính Tông (1600-1619) \ Lê Duy Tân
;VN|L22A| Period \ Thận Đức (1600)
;VN|L22B| Period \ Hoằng Định (1601-1619)
;VN|L23(?)| Person \ Lê Thần Tông (A:1619-1643;B:1649-1662) \ Lê Duy Kỳ
;VN|L23C| Period \ Vĩnh Tộ (1620-1628)
;VN|L23E| Period \ Đức Long (1629-1643)
;VN|L23D| Period \ Dương Hòa (1635-1643)
;VN|L23F| Period \ Khánh Đức (1649-1652)
;VN|L23G| Period \ Thịnh Đức (1653-1657)
;VN|L23H| Period \ Vĩnh Thọ (1658-1661)
;VN|L23I| Period \ Vạn Khánh (1662)
;VN|L24| Person \ Lê Chân Tông (1643-1649) \ Lê Duy Hựu \ Phúc Thái
;VN|L25| Person \ Lê Huyền Tông (1663-1671) \ Lê Duy Vũ \ Cảnh Trị
;VN|L26| Person \ Lê Gia Tông (1672-1675) \ Lê Duy Hợi \ L.D. Cối \  L.D. Duy Khoái
;VN|L26A| Period \ Dương Đức (1672-1773)
;VN|L26B| Period \ Đức Nguyên (1674-1675)
;VN|L27| Person \ Lê Hi Tông (1676-1704) \ Lê Duy Hợp
;VN|L27A| Period \ Vĩnh Trị (1678-1680)
;VN|L27B| Period \ Chính Hòa (1680-1705)
;VN|L28| Person \ Lê Dụ Tông (1705-1728) \ Lê Duy Đường
;VN|L28A| Period \ Vĩnh Thịnh (1706-1719)
;VN|L28B| Period \ Bảo Thái (1720-1729)
;VN|L29| Person \ Lê Duy Phường (1729-1732) \ Lê Duy Phường \ Vĩnh Khánh
;VN|L30| Person \ Lê Thuần Tông (1732-1735) \ Lê Duy Tường \ Long Đức
;VN|L31| Person \ Lê Ý Tông (1735-1740) \ Lê Duy Thận \ Vĩnh Hữu
;VN|L32| Person \ Lê Hiển Tông (1740-1786) \ Lê Duy Diêu \ Cảnh Hưng
;VN|L33| Person \ Lê Mẫn Đế (1787-89) \ Lê Duy Khiêm \ Chiêu Thống
;VN|LED| Dynasty \ Later Lê dynasty - Early period (1428-1527)
;VN|LTD| Dynasty \ Later Trần dynasty (1407-1414)
;VN|LVK| Person \ Lê Văn Khôi (1831-1834)
;VN|LYD| Dynasty \ Later Lý dynasty (1010-1225)
;VN|M01| Person \ Mạc Thái Tổ (1527-1529) \ Mạc Đăng Dung \ Minh Đức
;VN|M02| Person \ Mạc Thái Tông (1530-1540) \ M. Đăng Doanh \ Đại Chính
;VN|M03| Person \ Mạc Hiến Tông (1541-1546) \ Mạc Phúc Hải \ Quãng Hòa
;VN|M04| Person \ Mạc Chính Trung (1546-1547) \ Mạc Chính Trung
;VN|M05| Person \ Mạc Tuyên Tông (1546-1561) \ Mạc Phúc Nguyên
;VN|M05A| Period \ Vĩnh Định (1547)
;VN|M05B| Period \ Cảnh Lịch (1548-1553)
;VN|M05C| Period \ Quang Bảo (1554-1561)
;VN|M06| Person \ Mạc Mậu Hợp (1562-1592)
;VN|M06A| Period \ Thuần Phúc (1562-1565)
;VN|M06B| Period \ Sùng Khang (1566-1577)
;VN|M06C| Period \ Diên Thành (1578-1585)
;VN|M06D| Period \ Đoan Thái (1586-1587)
;VN|M06E| Period \ Hưng Trị (1588-1590)
;VN|M06F| Period \ Hồng Ninh (1591-1592)
;VN|M07| Person \ Mạc Toàn (1592) \ Vũ An
;VN|M08| Person \ Mạc Kính Chỉ (1592-1593)
;VN|M09| Person \ Mạc Kính Cung (1593-1625)
;VN|M10| Person \ Mạc Kính Khoan (1623-1638)
;VN|M11| Person \ Mạc Kính Vũ (1638-1677)
;VN|N01| Person \ Nguyễn Hoàng (1558-1613) \ Tiên Vương
;VN|N02| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên (1613-1635) \ Sãi vương
;VN|N03| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Lan (1635-1648) \ Thượng Vương
;VN|N04| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Tần (1648-1687) \ Hiền Vương
;VN|N05| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Thái (1687-1691) \ Nghĩa Vương
;VN|N06| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Chu (1691-1725) \ Minh Vương
;VN|N07| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Chú (1725-1738) \ Ninh Vương
;VN|N08| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Khoát (1738-1765) \ Vũ Vương
;VN|N09| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Thuần (1765-1777) \ Định Vương
;VN|N10| Person \ Nguyễn Phúc Dương (1776-1777) \ Tân Chính Vương
;VN|N11| Person \ Gia Long (1802-1820) \ Nguyễn Phúc Ánh
;VN|N12| Person \ Minh Mạng (1820-1841) \ Nguyễn Phúc Đảm
;VN|N13| Person \ Thiệu Trị (1841-1847) \ Nguyễn Phúc Miên Tông
;VN|N14| Person \ Tự Đức (1847-1883) \ Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Nhậm
;VN|N15| Person \ Dục Đức (1883) \ Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Ái | N.P.U. Chân
;VN|N16| Person \ Hiệp Hòa (1883) \ Nguyễn Phúc Hồng Dật
;VN|N17| Person \ Kiến Phúc (1883-1884) \ Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Đăng
;VN|N18| Person \ Hàm Nghi (1884-1885) \ Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch
;VN|N19| Person \ Đồng Khánh (1885-1889) \ Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Kỷ
;VN|N20| Person \ Thành Thái (1889-1907) \ Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Lân
;VN|N21| Person \ Duy Tân (1907-1916) \ Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh San
;VN|N22| Person \ Khải Định (1916-1925) \ Nguyễn Phúc Bửu Đảo
;VN|N23| Person \ Bảo Đại (1925-1945) \ Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy
;VN|NGD| Dynasty \ Ngô dynasty (939-965)
;VN|NHN| Person \  Nguyễn Hi Nguyên (1381-1382)
;VN|NMD| Dynasty \ Northern dynasty - Mạc dynasty (1527-1592)
;VN|NYD| Dynasty \ Nguyễn dynasty (1802-1945)
;VN|NYL| Dynasty \ Cochinchina - Nguyễn Lords (1558-1777)
;VN|R00| Person \ Trịnh Kiểm (1545-1570)
;VN|R01| Person \ Trịnh Tùng (1570-1623) \ Bình An Vương
;VN|R02| Person \ Trịnh Tráng (1623-1652) \ Thanh Đô Vương
;VN|R03| Person \ Trịnh Tạc (1653-1682) \ Tây Định Vương
;VN|R04| Person \ Trịnh Căn (1682-1709) \ Định Nam Vương
;VN|R05| Person \ Trịnh Cương (1709-1729) \ An Đô Vương
;VN|R06| Person \ Trịnh Giang (1729-1740)\ Uy Nam Vương
;VN|R07| Person \ Trịnh Doanh (1740-1767) \ Minh Đô Vương
;VN|R08| Person \ Trịnh Sâm (1767-1782) \ Tĩnh Đô Vương
;VN|R09| Person \ Trịnh Cán (1782) \ Điện Đô Vương
;VN|R10| Person \ Trịnh Khải (1782-1786) \ Đoan Nam Vương
;VN|R11| Person \ Trịnh Bồng (1786-1787) \ Án Đô Vương
;VN|RIP| Period \ Restored independent period (1428-1527)
;VN|RVN| Period \ Republic \ South Vietnam (1946-1975)
;VN|S01| Person \ Nguyễn Nhạc (1778-1788) \ Thái Đức
;VN|S02| Person \ Nguyễn Huệ (1788-1792)\ Quang Trung
;VN|S03| Person \ Nguyễn Quang Toản (1792-1802) \ Cảnh Thịnh \ Bảo Hưng
;VN|SLD| Dynasty \ Period \ Southern dynasty - Revival Lê dynasty - Warlord period (1533-1789)
;VN|T01| Person \ Trần Thái Tông (1225-1258) \ Trần Cảnh
;VN|T01A| Period \ Kiến Trung (1225-1237)
;VN|T01B| Period \ Thiên Ứng Chính Bình (1238-1350)
;VN|T01C| Period \ Nguyên Phong (1251-1258)
;VN|T02| Person \ Trần Thánh Tông (1258-1278) \ Trần Hoảng
;VN|T02A| Period \ Thiệu Long (1258-1272)
;VN|T02B| Period \ Bảo Phù (1273-1278)
;VN|T03| Person \ Trần Nhân Tông (1279-1293) \ Trầm Khâm
;VN|T03A| Period \ Thiệu Bảo (1279-1284)
;VN|T03B| Period \ Trùng Hưng (1285-1293)
;VN|T04| Person \ Trần Anh Tông (1293-1314) \ Trần Thuyên \ Hưng Long
;VN|T05| Person \ Trần Minh Tông (1314-1329) \ Trần Mạnh
;VN|T05A| Period \ Đại Khánh (1314-1323)
;VN|T05B| Period \ Khai Thái (1324-1329)
;VN|T06| Person \ Trần Hiến Tông (1329-1341) \ Trần Vượng \ Khai Hữu
;VN|T07| Person \ Trần Dụ Tông (1341-1369) \ Trần Hạo
;VN|T07A| Period \ Thiệu Phong (1341-1357)
;VN|T07B| Period \ Đại Trị (1358-1369)
;VN|T08| Person \ Hôn Đức Công (1369-1370) \ Dương Nhật Lễ
;VN|T09| Person \ Trần Nghệ Tông (1370-1372) \ Trần Phủ \ Thiệu Khánh
;VN|T10| Person \ Trần Duệ Tông (1372-1377) \ Trần Kính \ Long Khánh
;VN|T11| Person \ Trần Phế Đế (1377-1388) \ Trần Hiện \ Xương Phù
;VN|T12| Person \ Trần Thuận Tông (1388-1398) \ Trần Ngung \ Quang Thái
;VN|T13| Person \ Trần Thiếu Đế (1398-1400) \ Trần Án \ Kiến Tân
;VN|T14| Person \ Giản Định Đế (1407-1409) \ Trần Ngỗi \ Hưng Khánh
;VN|T15| Person \ Trùng Quang Đế (1409-1414) \ Trần Quý Khoáng \ Trùng Quang
;VN|T16| Person \ Thiên Khánh Đế (1426-1428) \ Trần Cảo \ Thiên Khánh
;VN|Tod(.)| Toda,Eduardo: Annam and its minor currency (coins), (1882)
;VN|TRL| Dynasty \ Tonkin - Trịnh Lords (1545-1787)
;VN|TSD| Dynasty \ Tây Sơn dynasty (1778-1802)
;VN|UNP| Period \ United period (1778-1945)
;VN|VNA| Region \ Annam (1886-1955) \ Central Vietnam
;VN|VNC| Region \ Cochinchina (1858-1946) \ Southern Vietnam
;VN|VNT| Region \ Tonkin (1886-1955) \ Northern Vietnam
;VN|Y01| Person \ Lý Nam Đế (544-548) \ Lý Bí
;VN|Y02| Person \ Triệu Việt Vương (548-571) \ Triệu Quang Phục
;VN|Y03| Person \ Đào Lang Vương (549-555) \ Lý Thiên Bảo
;VN|Y04| Person \ Hậu Lý Nam Đế (571-603) \ Lý Phật Tử
;VN|Y05| Person \ Lý Thái Tổ (1010-1028) \ Lý Công Uẩn \ Thuận Thiên
;VN|Y06| Person \ Lý Thái Tông (1028-1054) \ Lý Phật Mã
;VN|Y06A| Period \ Thiên Thành (1028-1033)
;VN|Y06B| Period \ Thông Thụy (1034-1038)
;VN|Y06C| Period \ Càn Phù Hữu Đạo (1039-1041)
;VN|Y06D| Period \ Minh Đạo (1042-1043)
;VN|Y06E| Period \ Thiên Cảm Thánh Võ (1044-1048)
;VN|Y06F| Period \ Sùng Hưng Đại Bảo (1049-1054)
;VN|Y07| Person \ Lý Thánh Tông (1054-1072) \ Lý Nhật Tôn
;VN|Y07A| Period \ Long Thụy Thái Bình (1054-1058)
;VN|Y07B| Period \ Chương Thánh Gia Khánh (1059-1065)
;VN|Y07C| Period \ Long Chương Thiên Tự (1066-1067)
;VN|Y07D| Period \ Thiên Huống Bảo Tượng (1060)
;VN|Y07E| Period \ Thần Võ (1069-1072)
;VN|Y08| Person \ Lý Nhân Tông (1072-1127) \ Lý Càn Đức
;VN|Y08A| Period \ Thái Ninh (1072-1075)
;VN|Y08B| Period \ Anh Võ Chiêu Thắng (1076-1084)
;VN|Y08C| Period \ Quảng Hữu (1085-1091)
;VN|Y08D| Period \ Hội Phong (1092-1100)
;VN|Y08E| Period \ Long Phù (1101-1109)
;VN|Y08F| Period \ Hội Tường Đại Khánh (1110-1119)
;VN|Y08G| Period \ Thiên Phù Duệ Võ (1120-1126)
;VN|Y08H| Period \ Thiên Phù Khánh Thọ (1127)
;VN|Y09| Person \ Lý Thần Tông (1128-1138) \ Lý Dương Hoán
;VN|Y09A| Period \ Thiên Thuận (1128-1132)
;VN|Y09B| Period \ Thiên Chương Bảo Tự (1133-1137)
;VN|Y10| Person \ Lý Anh Tông (1138-1175) \ Lý Thiên Tộ
;VN|Y10A| Period \ Thiệu Minh (1138-1139)
;VN|Y10B| Period \ Đại Định (1140-1162)
;VN|Y10C| Period \ Chính Long Bảo Ứng (1163-1173)
;VN|Y10D| Period \ Thiên Cảm Chí Bảo (1174-1175)
;VN|Y11| Person \ Lý Cao Tông (1176-1210) \ Lý Long Trát \ Lý Long Cán
;VN|Y11A| Period \ Trinh Phù (1176-1185)
;VN|Y11B| Period \ Thiên Tư Gia Thụy (1186-1201)
;VN|Y11C| Period \ Thiên Gia Bảo Hữu (1202-1204)
;VN|Y11D| Period \ Trị Bình Long Ứng (1205-1210)
;VN|Y12| Person \ Lý Thẩm (1209)\ Lý Thẩm
;VN|Y13| Person \ Lý Huệ Tông (1211-1224) \ Lý Sảm \ Kiến Gia
;VN|Y14| Person \ Lý Nguyên Vương (1214-1216) \ Càn Ninh
;VN|Y15| Person \ Lý Chiêu Hoàng (1224-1225) \ Thiên Chương Hữu Đạo



JenSoft Systems Ⓟ 2022-01-07 · 10:28 · Jens Weynans